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Simon Maccabaeus

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Title: Simon Maccabaeus  
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Subject: Hanukkah, 141 BC, 130s BC, 134 BC, 135 BC, 140 BC, 142 BC, Hasmonean dynasty, Lod, List of High Priests of Israel
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Simon Maccabaeus

Simon Thassi (died 135 BCE) was the second son of Mattathias and thus a member of the Hasmonean family. The name "Thassi" has an uncertain meaning ("the Director", "the Guide", "the Man of Counsel", and "the Zealous" are all possible meanings of the term[1])

He took part in the Jewish revolt against the Seleucid Empire led by his brothers, Judas Maccabaeus and Jonathan Maccabaeus. He became the first prince of the Hebrew Hasmonean Dynasty. He reigned from 142 to 135 BCE.

The Hasmonean Dynasty was founded by a resolution, adopted in 141 BCE, at a large assembly "of the priests and the people and of the elders of the land, to the effect that Simon should be their leader and high priest forever, until there should arise a faithful prophet" (1 Maccabees 14:41).

Recognition of the new dynasty by the Roman Republic was accorded by the Senate about 139 BCE, when the delegation of Simon was in Rome. Simon made the Jewish people semi-independent of the Seleucid Empire.

In February 135 BCE, he was assassinated at the instigation of his son-in-law Ptolemy, son of Abubus. Simon was followed by his third son, John Hyrcanus, whose two elder brothers, Mattathias and Judah, had been murdered, together with their father.

References

Simon Thassi
Hasmonean Dynasty
Died: 135 BCE
Preceded by
Jonathan Maccabeus
Leader of the Maccabees
142 BCE – 135 BCE
Succeeded by
John Hyrcanus I
High Priest of Judaea
142 BCE – 135 BCE
New title
Principality
declared
Prince of Judaea
141 BCE – 135 BCE

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