World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Smith Hempstone

Article Id: WHEBN0001123950
Reproduction Date:

Title: Smith Hempstone  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: James R. Whelan, Daniel arap Moi, History of Kenya, The Washington Times, Ian Smith
Collection: 1929 Births, 2006 Deaths, 20Th-Century American Novelists, Ambassadors of the United States to Kenya, American Columnists, American Male Novelists, American Military Personnel of the Korean War, American Newspaper Editors, Chicago Daily News People, Culver Academies Alumni, Deaths from Diabetes, Disease-Related Deaths in Maryland, George H. W. Bush Administration Personnel, George Washington University Alumni, Harvard University Alumni, Journalists from Washington, D.C., Nieman Fellows, Sewanee: the University of the South Alumni, The Washington Times People, United States Marine Corps Officers
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Smith Hempstone

Smith Hempstone
Born (1929-02-01)February 1, 1929
Died November 19, 2006(2006-11-19) (aged 77)
Suburban Hospital
Bethesda, Maryland
Residence Bethesda, Maryland
Nationality United States
Education George Washington University, 1946-47
University of the South, B.A., 1950
Harvard University, graduate study, 1964–1965.
Alma mater University of the South
Occupation journalist
Home town Washington, D.C.
Board member of Trustee, University of the South, 1975–1978
governor, Institute of Current World Affairs, 1975–1978.
Religion Episcopalian
Spouse(s) Kathaleen Fishback "Kitty", January 30, 1954–his death
Children daughter, Katherine Hope Hempstone of Baltimore; and a grandson
Parent(s) Smith (a naval officer) and Elizabeth (Noyes) Hempstone
Awards Sigma Delta Chi Award for distinguished service in journalism (foreign correspondence), 1960
Nieman Fellow, 1964–1965
Overseas Press Club citations for excellence in foreign correspondence, 1968, 1974
honorary doctorate of letters from University of the South, 1968.
Notes
[1][2][3]

Smith Hempstone (February 1, 1929–November 19, 2006) was a journalist, author, and the United States ambassador to Kenya in 1989–93. He was a vocal proponent of democracy, aggressively advocating free elections for Kenya.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Writings 2
  • Memberships 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Biography

Hempstone attended University of the South. He was a U.S. Marine in the Korean War (1950–52), leaving as a captain.

He did radio rewrite for the Associated Press in Charlotte, North Carolina, (1952). He was a reporter at the Louisville Times, Louisville, Kentucky (1953), rewrite man at National Geographic, Washington, D.C. (1954), then a reporter at the Washington Star (1955–56). He was a fellow of the Institute of Current World Affairs in Africa (1956–60). He served as a foreign correspondent for the Chicago Daily News in Africa (1961–64) and in Latin America (1965). He was a foreign correspondent for the Washington Star in Latin America (1966), and Europe, (1967–69). He was associate editor and editorial page director of the Star (1970–75). He left the Star in 1975 after a disagreement with Joe L. Allbritton, its new owner. He wrote a syndicated twice-weekly column, "Our Times," beginning 1975.

Hempstone worked as the Africa correspondent for The Chicago Daily News, wrote several books, and wrote a syndicated column carried by 90 newspapers. In 1982 he was named executive editor of the newly founded Washington Times and, following the resignation of editor and publisher James R. Whelan in 1984, briefly served as editor of the paper before being replaced by Arnaud de Borchgrave.

He was appointed ambassador to Kenya by Kenyan president Daniel arap Moi had banned all parties except his own. The Moi administration derided him, saying he failed to understand that strong, unified government was necessary to keep Kenya's tribal groups from splitting the country. He aided dissidents and befriended opponents of the administration, causing the African press to describe his style as "bulldozer diplomacy." The Kenyan government isolated him and, according to Hempstone's book Rogue Ambassador: An African Memoir, twice attempted to kill him. Multiparty elections were ultimately held in 1992, and were won by Moi with 36 percent of the vote.

In 2001 former Kenyan government minister Nicholas Biwott successfully sued Hempstone (High Court Civil Suit Case No. 1273)[4][5] for suggesting in his autobiography that Biwott had been involved in the murder of Kenya's minister of foreign Affairs, Dr. Robert Ouko, in February 1990. Hempstone did not defend the action.

Hempstone died in 2006 in Suburban Hospital, Bethesda, Maryland, from complications of diabetes.

Writings

  • Letters from Africa to the Institute of Current World Affairs, New York (1956)
  • Africa: Angry Young Giant, Praeger, 1961 (published in England as The New Africa, Faber, 1961).
  • The New Africa (1961)
  • Katanga Report, Faber, 1962
  • Rebels, Mercenaries and Dividends: The Katanga Story, Praeger, 1962.
  • A Tract of Time (novel), Houghton, 1966.
  • India in Focus: Six Articles (1964)
  • In the Midst of Lions (novel), Harper, 1968.
  • United States Foreign Policy and the China Problem by Morton A. Kaplan, Douglas MacArthur, Smith Hempstone (1982)
  • Chosin Marine: An Autobiography by Bill Davis, James H. Webb, Smith Hempstone (1986)
  • Rogue Ambassador: An African Memoir (1997)
  • (Editor) STA, an Illustrated History of St. Albans School, Glastonbury Press, 1981.
  • Contributor to Saturday Evening Post, Atlantic Monthly, Reader's Digest, U.S. News & World Report, and other magazines.

Memberships

References

  1. ^ Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2009. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Gale, 2009. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC Fee via Fairfax County Public Library, accessed 2009-05-04. Document Number: H1000044413.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^

External links

  • obituaryWashington Post
  • Kenyan tribute to Hempstone
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.