World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Snap fastener

Article Id: WHEBN0002111169
Reproduction Date:

Title: Snap fastener  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lining (sewing), Blanket sleeper, Revers, Hook-and-eye closure, Belt hook
Collection: 1940S Fashion, 20Th-Century Fashion, Chinese Inventions, Textile Closures
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Snap fastener

The two halves of a riveted leather snap fastener. The male half (top) has a groove which "snaps" in place when "pressed" into the female half (bottom)

A snap fastener (also called press stud, popper, snap or tich) is a pair of interlocking discs, made out of a metal or plastic, commonly used in place of buttons to fasten clothing and for similar purposes. A circular lip under one disc fits into a groove on the top of the other, holding them fast until a certain amount of force is applied. Different types of snaps can be attached to fabric or leather by riveting with a punch and die set specific to the type of rivet snaps used (striking the punch with a hammer to splay the tail), sewing, or plying with special snap pliers.

Snap fasteners are a noted detail in American Western wear and are also often chosen for children's clothing, as they are relatively easy for children to use.

Contents

  • Invention 1
  • Usage 2
    • China 2.1
    • In Western fashion 2.2
  • References 3

Invention

Hungarian press-studs for dresses (1968)

Modern snap fasteners were first patented by German inventor Heribert Bauer in 1885 as the "Federknopf-Verschluss", a novelty fastener for men's trousers. Some attribute the invention to Bertel Sanders, of Denmark. These first versions had an S-shaped spring in the "male" disc instead of a groove.[1] Australian inventor Myra Juliet Farrell is also credited with inventing a 'stitchless press stud' and the 'stitchless hook and eye.'[2] In America, Jack Weil (1901–2008) put snaps on his iconic Western shirts, which spread the fashion for them.[3]

Usage

China

In the famous Chinese Terracotta Army, dating from 210 BC, the horse halters of wagons, made of a gold tube and a silver tube, were joined with a form of snap fasteners.

In Western fashion

Roy Rogers wearing Western shirt with pearl snaps

Press studs were worn by rodeo cowboys from the 1930s onwards, because these could be quickly removed if, in the event of a fall, the shirt became snagged in the saddle. Pearl snaps entered American mainstream Western fashion during the 1950s, when singing cowboys like Gene Autry and Roy Rogers incorporated them into their embroidered and fringed stage shirts. The most desirable shirts were unique creations tailored by Nudie Cohn or Rodeo Ben, but commercially produced Western clothing could be purchased from companies like Wrangler, Levi Strauss, Panhandle Slim, Rockmount Ranch Wear, H Bar C, or Roper.[4]

Due to the popularity of Spaghetti Westerns, cowboy shirts with oversized collars were widely worn by teenagers and young adults from the mid 1960s until the early 1980s.[5] By the 1990s, however, press studs had become associated with the adaptable clothing worn by pensioners and the disabled. During the late 2000s and 2010s, however, shirts with Western detailing made a comeback in Europe and the southern US due to the popularity of indie rock and a resurgence of interest in vintage Americana.[6]

References

  1. ^ "Zwei Köpfe und ein Knopf". Westdeutscher Rundfunk (in German). March 5, 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Woman Inventor".  
  3. ^ "Story of Rockmount Ranch Wear". Retrieved 2011-01-29. 
  4. ^ 100 years of Western wear
  5. ^ Western shirts
  6. ^ Western wear revival]


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.