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Spartan Aircraft Ltd

Spartan Aircraft Limited
Industry Aerospace
Fate Merged
Successor Saunders Roe
Founded 1930
Defunct 1935
Key people
Oliver Simmonds
Products Civil aircraft

Spartan Aircraft Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer from 1930 to 1935. It was formed by reinvestment in Simmonds Aircraft which had suffered financially.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Aircraft 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

In 1928 Oliver Simmonds designed and built a prototype aircraft, the Simmonds Spartan, in a factory at Woolston, Hampshire.[1] The design was a success with over 50 aircraft built.[2] Following financial difficulties and investment from Whitehall Securities Corporation Ltd[3] Simmonds Aircraft Limited changed name in 1930 to Spartan Aircraft Limited.

The first aircraft from the renamed company was the Spartan Arrow a two-seat biplane of which 15 were built.[4] The next design was a three-seat open-cockpit biplane the Spartan Three Seater. The company ceased to build aircraft in 1935.

In January 1931 Flight magazine revealed that Whitehall Securities had acquired a substantial holding in Saunders Roe Ltd. and arising out of this investment Spartan was effectively merged into Saunders Roe. Spartan Aircraft's final product was the Spartan Cruiser a three-engined light airliner developed from the Saro-Percival Mailplane.

Aircraft

Spartan Arrow 1 built by Spartan Aircraft in 1932 at Coventry Airport, England, in June 1954. This last survivor of Spartan's production is still airworthy in 2009.

Notes

  1. ^ http://daveg4otu.tripod.com/iowweb/sim.html
  2. ^ 1929Flight
  3. ^ A Pearson Group company
  4. ^ Jackson, 1974, p. 180

References

  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982–1985). Orbis Publishing. 
  • Jackson, A.J. (1974). British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 3. London: Putnam.  

External links

  • Simmonds/Spartan production
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