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St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri

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St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri

St Thomas Fort
(Tangasseri Fort)
Front View of St Thomas Fort
Location Tangasseri, Kollam, Kerala, India
Built 16th century
Architect Portuguese
Architectural style(s) Portuguese - Constructed using sandstone and lime mortar
Type Cultural
State Party  India
St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri is located in Kerala
St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri
Location of St Thomas Fort
(Tangasseri Fort) in Kerala

St. Thomas Fort also known as "Tangaserri Fort" is a ruined fort located in the beach town of Tangaserri on the shores of the Arabian Sea in Kollam city (Coulão), Kerala, India. It is located around 5 km from the city center and 71 km from Thiruvanthapuram (the state capital).

Sketch of the Thangaserri, 1505. The fort can be seen close to the shore.
Tangasseri was associated with the Chinese trade from the first millennium A.D. and later followed by the Portuguese, Dutch and the British into the "gold village". According to Historians, captain Rodriguez came to Quilon and was appointed as the caption of the Factory and trade, with permission from the queen. St.Thomas Fort (once known as Forte de São Tomé) was built by the Portuguese(led by Afonso de Albuquerque) for the protection of the newly developed trade. In 1505 the Portuguese established a trading port here, and in 1518 established its sovereignty through the construction of Fort St. Thomas. Later in 1661 the town and the fort were handed over to the Dutch who made it the capital of Dutch Malabar. The Dutch occupied the fort for several years. In 1795 British East India Company took possession of the Fort St. Thomas. In 1823 Fort St. Thomas accepted lease by Travancore from British Government for a period of twenty years.[1]

Fort St. Thomas was about 20 feet tall. Today, the remains of the Fort, popularly known as "Tangasseri fort" remain facing the beach. The government of India has taken over the fort and it is being considered an historical landmark. Reformation of the fort is still going on. At present, this fort is managed by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).



  1. ^ "Parishes - Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon". Kollam, India. Retrieved 2 December 2014. Parishes of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon 
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