World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Stratton Air National Guard Base

 

Stratton Air National Guard Base

Stratton Air National Guard Base
Part of New York Air National Guard (NY ANG)
Located near: Schenectady, New York
LC-130H of the 139th Airlift Squadron landing on skis.
Stratton ANGB is located in New York
Stratton ANGB
Location of Stratton Air National Guard Base, New York
Coordinates
Site information
Controlled by  United States Air Force
Site history
Built 1949
In use 1949-Present
Garrison information
Garrison  109th Airlift Wing

Stratton Air National Guard Base has hosted the New York Air National Guard 109th Airlift Wing (in various designations) since 1949. The base is named after conservative Democratic US Representative Sam Stratton, who represented the Albany area.

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • History 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Overview

Stratton ANGB hosts the NY ANG 109th Airlift Wing. The wing is unique as it is the only USAF unit equipped with 10 ski-equipped C-130 Hercules aircraft, and provides the nation's only air cargo lift capability to polar destinations. Since 1971, the 109th has played an important role in support of the National Science Foundation's research expeditions at both the North and South Poles.[1]

Food, fuel and other equipment are delivered as far North as Thule Air Base, Greenland by normal air transport. From there, these supplies are flown by the LC-130H of the 109th. In addition to the polar missions, the 109th AW supports the airlift responsibilities in support of Air Mobility Command and uses its aircraft as directed by AMC. BRAC 2005 transferred four non ski-equipped C-130H aircraft to Little Rock Air Force Base, Arkansas.[1]

The base has 39 buildings, amounting to approximately 353,000 square feet (32,800 m2) and occupies 122.21 acres (0.4946 km2) of land on two holdings leased from Schenectady County. Most of the existing facilities are on the larger 105-acre (0.42 km2) main parcel while a Small Arms Firing Range and Rapid Runway Repair training facility are on the smaller south parcel. There are 526 full-time personnel on base with a once a month drill weekend surge to 1,268 personnel.[1]

History

Following World War II, the New York Air National Guard was established at Schenectady Airport as the 139th Fighter Squadron and received Federal recognition on 18 November 1948. The 139th FS was a re-designation of the World War II 303d Fighter Squadron, which was an operational training unit for III Fighter Command in Florida during the war. The 139th's first assigned aircraft was the Republic F-47D Thunderbolt.[1]

In 1950, the squadron moved across the runway to its present location on the north side of the airport and received F-51H Mustangs. The 139th was one of 17 squadrons not activated during the Korean War. In 1952, the 139th was assigned to Air Defense Command as a Fighter Interceptor Squadron. After the runway at Schenectady was lengthened to 7,000 feet (2,100 m), the squadron received its first jets in the form of the Lockheed F-94B Starfire in 1954. Starfire operations continued until 1957 when the North American F-86H Sabre began arriving. Receipt of the Sabre saw the squadron and group lose their Fighter Interceptor prefixes and gain that of Tactical Fighter.[1]

In 1960, the unit joined the Military Air Transport Service as the 139th Air Transport Squadron. The mission of worldwide transport was assigned along with the Boeing C-97A Stratofreighter, the first four-engined transport to be used by the Guard. The 139th ATS was activated for the Berlin Crisis in October 1961, augmenting MATS airlift by flying worldwide missions. The unit returned to State control on 31 August 1962.[1]

On 1 January 1966, the Military Air Transport Service was reorganized and renamed Vietnam war. The unit converted to the Lockheed C-130A in early 1971, and now under Tactical Air Command, was designated the 139th Tactical Airlift Squadron.[1]

The 109th TAG converted to C-130D and D-6s models in the summer of 1975, assuming responsibilities for the Volant Distant Early Warning Line resupply mission on the Greenland ice cap. Ten years later, the unit converted to the LC-130H and has been flying the Hercules to the north and south pole and everywhere in between since in support of USAF and NSF missions in the polar regions.[1]

Annually, the base hosts the Civil Air Patrol's New York Wing Encampment, a one week event that teaches and applies leadership skills.[2]

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h 109th Airlift Wing History
  2. ^ [2]

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.