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The Aerospace Corporation

The Aerospace Corporation
Not-for-profit corporation
Industry Aerospace
Founded 1960
Headquarters El Segundo, California, USA
Key people
Wanda Austin (President and CEO)
Number of employees
3700
Website www.aerospace.org

The Aerospace Corporation is a California nonprofit corporation that operates a

  1. ^ "Articles of Incorporation". The Aerospace Corporation. 1960. 
  2. ^ a b c "2006 Annual Report" (PDF). The Aerospace Corporation. 2007. 
  3. ^ "The Aerospace Corporation, Its Work 1960-1980", pages 12-17. Library of Congress Catalogue Card No. 80-67774
  4. ^ a b "Aerospace History Timeline". Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  5. ^ Davis Dyer, TRW: Pioneering Technology and Innovation Since 1900 (Harvard Business School Press, 1998), p231
  6. ^ "Making Space Work Since 1960". Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  7. ^ "Naval Research Laboratory". Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  8. ^ http://www.defense.gov/speeches/speech.aspx?speechid=1341
  9. ^ "What is an FFRDC?". Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Organizations". Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  11. ^ "Engineering and Technology Group". Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  12. ^ Brown, Eryn (January 22, 2012). "Studying the science of space junk". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  13. ^ Space Debris
  14. ^ CAIB
  15. ^ "News". The Aerospace Corporation. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  16. ^ "Crosslink Spring 2008". The Aerospace Corporation. 2008-07-28. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  17. ^ "The Aerospace Corporation Board of Trustees". The Aerospace Corporation. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 

References

Board of Trustees

Chief executive officers

Corporate governance

The company also maintains the Center for Orbital and Reentry Debris Studies (CORDS). The group is unique in that it is the only one that systematically tests fallen space debris in its laboratory, The size and shape of debris along with melting that occurs during reentry is analyzed with sophisticated computer software in an effort reconstruct its fall. Information learned during analysis is used to help satellite developers "design for demise" or ensure that debris burns up more completely during reentry.[12][13] The team received the 1992 NASA Group Achievement Award for their work on understanding the breakup characteristics of the Space Shuttle external tank.[14]

Center for Orbital and Reentry Debris Studies

Civil and Commercial Operations supports both developing and operational civil space systems for [10]

Civil and Commercial Operations

Systems Planning, Engineering and Quality provides customer support to all national-security space programs. Activities within the group include requirements analysis, cross-mission planning and architecture development, strategic awareness planning, cross-program engineering, and systems acquisition development.[10]

Systems Planning, Engineering and Quality

The National Systems Group is responsible for systems engineering and integrations support for NRO space programs. Through methods such as technical and engineering analyses, concept design studies, and direct on-site support, they provide planning, development, and deployment services for reconnaissance space systems.[10] NSG's focus is to apply a systems engineering approach to national intelligence programs to provide objective technical recommendations and solutions.

National Systems Group

The Engineering and Technology Group is Aerospace's core science and engineering organization, providing cross-program technical support to a variety of military, civil, commercial, and corporate projects. Consisting of nearly half of the company's technical force, the group is made up of six specialty organizations: Laboratory Operations, Communications and Networking Division, Computers and Software Division, Electronics and Sensors Division, Systems Engineering Division, Vehicle Systems Division.[11] Members of ETG assess and evaluate existing and new space technologies, investigate and resolve anomalies, and conduct research and development.

Engineering and Technology Group

The Space Systems Group works with the Air Force, government, and industry partners to develop military satellites and advanced national-security satellite systems. It oversees four major spacecraft and space system areas: communications, surveillance, weather, and navigation.[10] Much emphasis is placed upon the life cycle for systems—as space programs are designed, acquired, and fielded. The Space Systems Group also includes Space Launch Operations which supports Air Force and NRO launch programs by monitoring and collecting data from national security launches. It is responsible for conducting the Aerospace independent launch readiness verification process for legacy and EELV launches. This group focuses on lessons learned, data, and best practices sharing among launch programs.[2]

Space Systems Group

Organization

The Aerospace Corporation sponsors several annual conferences and workshops including planetary defense, space systems engineering, space power, and spacecraft thermal control.

Aerospace also manages support to programs for NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), as well as other civil and some commercial space customers.

The Department of Defense has identified five core competencies for the Aerospace FFRDC: launch certification, system-of-systems engineering, systems development and acquisition, process implementation, and technology application.[9]

The Aerospace Corporation, as the FFRDC for national security space, primarily supports the Space and Missile Systems Center of the Air Force Space Command, as well as the National Reconnaissance Office. Their 50-year history working side by side with these organizations has made Aerospace the national memory and data repository for launch and satellite systems. They provide scientific and engineering support for launch, space, and related ground systems that serve the national interest.

Capabilities

Most recently, The Aerospace Corporation provided further technical assistance to EELV programs including the Atlas V and Delta IV, and supported planning for Space Radar to provide global persistent intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance to the Department of Defense. Aerospace has been involved in the analysis of concept designs for the Space Tracking and Surveillance System (SSTS). Aerospace plays an integral role in the development of the Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) program that will replace the Milstar system. Another system that Aerospace was supporting is the Transformational Satellite Communications System MILSATCOM architecture to link military and reconnaissance communication networks. However, it was cancelled per the recommendations of Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates due to DoD budgetary constraints.[8] Aerospace remains a significant partner in the continuing evolution of the GPS system. Aerospace has been playing a leading role in the planning and acquisition of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. In 2005, Aerospace supported the Air Force Affordable Responsive Spacelift (ARES) launch system demonstration program.[4]

In the 1990s, Aerospace participated in the planning and development of system requirements for the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program, the next generation of launch vehicles. They continued to provide launch vehicle systems engineering for the Atlas II, Delta III, and Titan IVB. Satellite program support included Wideband Gapfiller, Space Based Laser, the Ultrahigh-Frequency Follow-On program, and the Global Broadcast Service. Throughout the second half of the 90s, the corporation conducted independent assessments for the International Space Station, provided technical support for the Cassini spacecraft, and supported the acquisition of the Space-Based Infrared System (SBIRS) satellite constellation.

Throughout the 1980s, Aerospace supported the Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), the Milstar and DSCS satellite communication systems, and antisatellite (ASAT) programs. They provided planning, design, and evaluation for the Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN) and the Consolidated Space Operations Center at Schriever Air Force Base in Colorado. During this same time period, the company also provided systems engineering and integration for launch vehicles, including the Atlas, Titan II, Titan IV, and Delta II.

During the 1970s, Aerospace began performing advance space program analysis and program studies for NASA's development of the Space Transportation System (STS), more commonly known as the space shuttle. Aerospace also began tests on airborne UHF terminals for the Air Force Satellite Communications System, AFSATCOM. In the mid-70s Aerospace assumed general systems engineering and integration responsibility for the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP). Beginning in 1973, a program office was established to assist the Air Force in the creation of the Global Positioning System (GPS). In recognition of their GPS collaboration, Aerospace shared the 1992 Robert J. Collier Trophy, the nation's highest award for aeronautical achievement, "for the most significant development for safe and efficient navigation and surveillance of air and spacecraft since the introduction of radio navigation 50 years ago." [7]

Among the earliest projects it supported were the Dyna-Soar orbital spaceplane, Project Mercury, and the man-rating of the Atlas (rocket) intercontinental ballistic missile. The Aerospace Corporation provided general systems engineering and technical direction for the Titan II missile, first tested in 1962, which became the launch vehicle for Project Gemini. Other notable projects of the 1960s include the advanced ballistic re-entry system (ABRES), the Air Force's Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL), the Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS), and the Defense Support Program (DSP).

On June 4, 1960 Aerospace was established under the laws of the State of [6]

On July 1, 1954, the Western Development Division (WDD) of the United States Air Force was established, under the command of ballistic missiles and military space systems."[4]

History

Contents

  • History 1
  • Capabilities 2
  • Organization 3
    • Space Systems Group 3.1
    • Engineering and Technology Group 3.2
    • National Systems Group 3.3
    • Systems Planning, Engineering and Quality 3.4
    • Civil and Commercial Operations 3.5
    • Center for Orbital and Reentry Debris Studies 3.6
  • Corporate governance 4
    • Chief executive officers 4.1
    • Board of Trustees 4.2
  • References 5

[2]

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