World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

The Three Sui Quash the Demons' Revolt

Article Id: WHEBN0040807397
Reproduction Date:

Title: The Three Sui Quash the Demons' Revolt  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Chinese mythology, Shi Yi Ji, What the Master Would Not Discuss, Yao Grass, In Search of the Supernatural
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

The Three Sui Quash the Demons' Revolt

The Three Sui Quash the Demons' Revolt
Author Luo Guanzhong (14th century)
Feng Menglong (16th century)
Original title 三遂平妖傳 (Luo's version)
(Feng's version)
Translator Lois Fusek (2010; Luo's)
Nathan Sturman (2008; Feng's)
Country Ming China
Language Chinese
Genre Chinese mythology, shenmo, fantasy, historical fiction
Publication date
16th century
Media type Print

The Three Sui Quash the Demons' Revolt (三遂平妖傳), also translated as The Sorcerer's Revolt,[1] is a novel written in the Ming Dynasty and attributed to Luo Guanzhong, the 14th-century author of Romance of the Three Kingdoms. In the late 16th century Feng Menglong wrote a longer version of the story expanding the novel to forty chapters from the original twenty. A work in the shenmo genre, the novel blends comedy with the supernatural,[2] and is an early work of vernacular fiction.[3]


The story is set in the Song Dynasty. Wang Ze, a military commander, marries the sorceress Hu Yong'er. Hu was conceived after her mother burned an enchanted painting. She was taught magic from a fox spirit, enabling her to conjure armies with her spells.[4] The three sorcerers, Zhang Luan, Bu Ji, and the Egg Monk Danzi Wang, join Wang after a series of adventures battling corrupt officials with their supernatural powers.[5]

Wang leads a revolt to overthrow the government with the help of the sorcerers. The three sorcerers grow disillusioned with Wang's impropriety and defect to the government forces headed by Wen Yanbo, who had arrived to suppress the rebels. The Egg Monk disguises himself as a monk by the name of Zhuge Sui and aids the imperial generals Ma Sui and Li Sui. Together, the Three Suis defeat Wang and end the rebellion.[5]


Legends of Wang Ze and his revolt, a historical event, were popular since the Yuan Dynasty and commonly embellished with elements from Chinese mythology. The novel attributed to Luo Guanzhong is a shenmo novel loosely based on Wang's revolt[2] and published in the 16th century.[6] It is not certain if Luo is the genuine author of the novel.[7] The appearance of lijia, a social institution for local governance in rural areas, suggests that the text was written during or after the 15th century, but this may have been an alteration by a later editor.[8] The original copies of the book attributed to Luo are lost.[4] The only surviving works of Luo's earlier story are a revised edition published by Wang Shenxiu and the Nanjing publishing house Shi Detang. Three copies of the revised novel are still extant. It contains twenty chapters, separated into four juan or sections.[9]

Feng Monglong wrote a new and longer version of the story to improve what he perceived as the novel's shortcomings.[2] It was published by the studio Tianxu Zhai in 1620.[10] The first edition was anonymously written and released as a work by the original author,[10] but the second edition revealed that Feng was the new writer.[11] His revision expanded the novel to forty chapters, of which fifteen precede the first chapter of the original novel. Parts of the older chapters were rewritten, or revised with entirely new passages.[11] He provided backstories for many of the supporting characters that were introduced haphazardly in the original story.[2]

The novel was popular and critically acclaimed when it was originally released,[2] but later faded into obscurity.[3] Ota Tatsuo wrote the first extensive contemporary analysis of the work in 1967,[3] and the scholarship and critical views of Patrick Hanan was important in following years.




  1. ^ Lu 1959, p. 198
  2. ^ a b c d e Hanan 1981, p. 99
  3. ^ a b c Hanan 1971, p. 201
  4. ^ a b Lu 1959, p. 176
  5. ^ a b Lu 1959, p. 177
  6. ^ Hanan 1981, p. 201
  7. ^ Hanan 1971, p. 205
  8. ^ Hanan 1971, p. 206
  9. ^ Hanan 1971, p. 202
  10. ^ a b Hanan 1971, p. 203
  11. ^ a b Hanan 1971, p. 204


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.