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Tiropita

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Tiropita

Tiropita
Tiropita with garnish on blue glass plate
Type Börek
Place of origin Greece
Main ingredients Phyllo, cheese
Cookbook:Tiropita 

Tiropita or tyropita (τυρóπιτα 'cheese-pie') is a Greek layered pastry food in the burek family, made with layers of buttered phyllo and filled with a cheese-egg mixture.[1]

Origin

It has been suggested that it descends from the Byzantine dish plakountas tetyromenous (also called tyritas plakountas in Byzantine Greek), itself a descendant of placenta (food), a baked layered cheese dish in Roman cuisine.[2][3][4] Another theory is that layered dishes like tiropita have their origins in Turkish cuisine and may trace back to layered pan-fried breads developed by the Turks of Central Asia before their westward migration to Anatolia.[5][6] (cf. Baklava)

Variants

Another variety is the spiral Skopelos Cheese Pie in which long strips of cheese stuffed phyllo are formed into a spiral and deep fried.

Tiropita can also be made in a large pan (ταψί ) and cut into individual portions after baking. The individual form is sold in bakeries throughout Greece, where it is a popular breakfast and snack food. Alternatives to tiropita are spanakopita, a pie with spinach, as well as bougatsa.

In Greece, one can find many varieties of Tyropita:

  • Kourou: Surrounded by a thick pastry.
  • Sfoliata: Surrounded by puff-pastry.
  • Horiatiki: Made in a Tapsi pan.
  • Tyropitakia: Bite-sized.
  • Skopelitiki: Made in the shape of a twirl.

Regular tiropita fillings usually consist of feta cheese, egg, butter and yogurt. However, "kasseropita" contains kasseri instead of feta cheese and, unlike regular tiropita, does not contain yogurt.

Tiropita is usually eaten in the mid-morning by Greeks. Breakfast consists only of coffee and sometimes buttered bread. Then a mid-morning snack may consist of tyropita (more commonly) or spanakopita.

See also

References

  1. ^ Tyropita (Cheese puffs)
  2. ^ Rena Salaman, "Food in Motion the Migration of Foodstuffs and Cookery Techniques" from the Oxford Symposium on Food Cookery, Vol. 2, p. 184
  3. ^ Faas, Patrick (2005). Around the Roman Table.  
  4. ^ Speros Vryonis The Decline of Medieval Hellenism in Asia Minor, 1971, p. 482
  5. ^ Algar, Ayla Esen (1985). "The Complete Book of Turkish Cooking".  
  6. ^ Perry, Charles. "The Taste for Layered Bread among the Nomadic Turks and the Central Asian Origins of Baklava", in A Taste of Thyme: Culinary Cultures of the Middle East (ed. Sami Zubaida, Richard Tapper), 1994, ISBN 1-86064-603-4.
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