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Tram stop

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Title: Tram stop  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Street running, Ticket machine, TRS/doc, Trams in Melbourne, Transport hub
Collection: Railway Stations, Stations, Terminals and Stops, Tram Transport
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Tram stop

Tram stops can range from purpose-built, tram-exclusive infrastructure similar to train stations (example in Lyon), ...
... over stops threaded into narrow urban environments (here in Hong Kong)...
... to simple stops within a public road (here in Frankfurt am Main).

A tram stop, tram station, streetcar stop, or light rail station is a place designated for a tram, streetcar, or light rail vehicle to stop so passengers can board or alight it. Generally, tram stops share most characteristics of bus stops, but because trams operate on rails, they often include railway platforms, especially if stepless entries are provided for accessibility. However, trams may also be used with bus stop type flags and with mid-street pavements as platforms, in so-called street running operation.

Examples

Most tram or streetcar stops in Melbourne and Toronto and other systems with extensive sections of street-running have no associated platforms, with stops in the middle of the roadway pavement. In most jurisdictions, traffic cannot legally pass a tram or streetcar whose doors are open, unless the tram is behind a safety zone or has a designated platform.

On the other hand, several light rail systems have high-platform stops or stations with dedicated platforms at railway platform height. Reasons for this include systems being created from former heavy rail routes (as in the case of the Metrolink system in Greater Manchester, England), or to provide a more rapid transit-like commuting experience (such as the Metro Rail system in Los Angeles, California). Such trams also stop at dedicated platform stops on Stadtbahns in Germany, especially in underground stations in city centres.

Not all tram stops are served full-time. In the 1920s, Toronto created Sunday stops in addition to regular stops along its streetcar routes. Sunday stops were only used on a Sunday and, with few exceptions, were always near a Christian church. (There are also a few Sunday stops near a subway station that are usable only before 9 am, the Sunday opening time of the subway system.) However, the Toronto Transit Commission has decided to close all Sunday stops on June 7, 2015. The TTC finds that Sunday stops slow down streetcars making it more difficult to maintain schedules. Also, Sunday stops are also unfair to non-Christian places of worship which never had the equivalent of a Sunday stop. By 2015, most Sunday stops were along current and former streetcar routes.[1]

The design of tram stops have seen many recent innovations; the Dubai Tram, which opened on 12 November 2014,[2] became the world's first tram system to feature platform screen doors at its tram stops.

See also

References

  1. ^ Eric Andrew-Gee, reporter (2015-05-07). "Sunday streetcar stops near churches to be shuttered in June".  
  2. ^ "Dubai Tram's first passengers: Excitement, emotion, euphoria". www.emirates247.com. November 12, 2014. 
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