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Transitional National Government

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Title: Transitional National Government  
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Subject: Somali Civil War, Transitional Federal Government, United Somali Congress, Somalia, History of Somalia (1991–2006)
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Transitional National Government

Transitional National Government of the Republic of Somalia

Flag of Somalia
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Mogadishu
Languages Somali · Arabic
Religion Islam
Government Provisional government
President Abdiqasim Salad Hassan
 -  Somalia National Peace Conference May 2000
 -  Transitional charter 6 April 2004
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The Transitional National Government (TNG) was the internationally recognized central government of Somalia from 2000 to 2004.


The Transitional National Government (TNG) was established in April–May 2000 at the Somalia National Peace Conference (SNPC) held in Arta, Djibouti. It was militarily and politically opposed by the Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC), which was formed by faction leaders including Hussein Mohamed Farrah Aidid and Mohamed Dhere.[1]

According to Le Sage, the TNG in 2002 had all of the organs of a national government, including executive and judicial structures as well as a parliament, a police force and standing army. However, its institutions remained very weak on account of a dearth of basic office equipment, lack of territorial control, and inability to raise tax revenue. Due to these limitations, the TNG was unable to provide basic social services. Ministers and legislators also often expressed frustration at being shut out of the real decision-making process, and of often receiving irregular and limited salaries. As such, Le Sage argues that the public officials served more as symbols of the potential for a broad-based, national government.[2]

Besides external threats, the TNG was beset with internal problems. This resulted in the replacement of the Prime Minister four times in three years and the administrative body's reported bankruptcy in December 2003. Its mandate concurrently ended.[3]

On October 10, 2004, legislators elected Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed as the first President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), the Transitional National Government's successor.[4] He received 189 votes from the TFG Parliament, while the closest contender, erstwhile Somali ambassador to Washington Abdullahi Ahmed Addou, got 79 votes in the third round of voting. The then incumbent President of Somalia, TNG leader Abdiqasim Salad Hassan, peacefully withdrew his candidature.[5][6]



  • Somalia National Peace Conference (SNPC) or Djibouti Conference, held in Arta, Djibouti, on April 20 - May 5, 2000.[7] The name Transitional National Government (TNG) was selected for the initiative at this time.
  • Election of Abdiqasim Salad Hassan as President by clan representatives


  • National Commission for Reconciliation and Property Settlement


Leaders and members


  1. ^ Central Intelligence Agency (2014). "Somalia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved April 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ Somalia: Sovereign Disguise for a Mogadishu MafiaAuthor(s): Andre Le SageSource: Review of African Political Economy, Vol. 29, No. 91, (Mar., 2002), pp. 132-138
  3. ^ a b c "TNG Prime Minister Concludes Formation of Cabinet". 2003-12-31. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  4. ^ Somali PM optimistic about rebuilding country
  5. ^ Somalia MPs elect new president
  6. ^ Rulers - Somalia - October 2004
  7. ^ Somalia National Peace Conference Program, hosted at
  8. ^ SOMALIA: Interview with Barre Adan Shire, chairman of the Juba Valley Alliance (JVA) IRIN
  9. ^ "The Lives of 18 American Soldiers Are Not Better Than Thousands of Somali Lives They Killed, Somalia's TNG Prime Minister Col. Hassan Abshir Farah says".  
  10. ^ "Somalia: Warlords lay down weapons".  
  11. ^ "War Clouds Over Somalia".  
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