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Trigone of urinary bladder

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Title: Trigone of urinary bladder  
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Subject: Urinary system, Trigone, Internal urethral orifice, Trigonitis, Development of the urinary system
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Trigone of urinary bladder

Trigone of urinary bladder
Urinary bladder
The interior of bladder.
Details
Latin trigonum vesicae urinariae
Dorlands
/Elsevier
t_19/12823635
Anatomical terminology

The trigone is a smooth triangular region of the internal urinary bladder formed by the two ureteral orifices and the internal urethral orifice.

The area is very sensitive to expansion and once stretched to a certain degree, the urinary bladder signals the brain of its need to empty. The signals become stronger as the bladder continues to fill.

Embryologically, the trigone of the bladder is derived from the caudal end of mesonephric ducts, which is of mesodermal origin (the rest of the bladder is endodermal). In the female the mesonephric ducts regresses, causing the trigone to be less prominent, but still present.

Pathology

Clinically important because infections (trigonitis) tend to persist in this region.

See also

External links

  • Anatomy photo:44:04-0203 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Male Pelvis: The Urinary Bladder"
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