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Tsimandria

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Tsimandria

Tsimandria
Τσιμάνδρια
Tsimandria is located in Greece
Tsimandria
Coordinates:
Country Greece
Administrative region North Aegean
Regional unit Lemnos
Municipality Lemnos
Municipal unit Nea Koutali
Population (2001)[1]
 • Rural 314
Community
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Tsimandria (Greek: Τσιμάνδρια) is a village and a community in the southwestern part of Lemnos, a Greek island in the northern part of the Aegean Sea. It is part of the municipal unit of Nea Koutali. It is 1.5 km south of Portianou, 2 km east of Kontias, 4 km southwest of Nea Koutali and 10 km east of Myrina. The eastern half of the Fakos peninsula and the islets Kastria and Kompi are part of the community. In 2001 its population was 314.

Contents

  • Population 1
  • History 2
  • Diapori 3
  • See also 4
  • External links 5
  • References 6

Population

Year Population
1918 720
1951 700
1981 308
1991 292
2001 314

History

From the late Byzantine period, there has been a monastery in the area of Tsimandria, known as "Pteris" or "Fteri". Since the 14th century it was a dependency of the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian on Patmos. The fate of the monastery after the Ottoman conquest is not precisely known: on the 1785 map by Choiseul-Gouffier a monastery was marked, but Conze only found ruins in 1858. Two chapels, of the Taxiarches and of Saint John the Theologian, remain.

The village was first mentioned in 1569 as "Semandra". Other older versions of the name are "Smandria" and "Tzimandra". The village is built in a protected location behind the Filonikos hill. In 1856, it had 122 men who paid 1,909 piastres to escape conscription. It recorded 73 families in 1863 which rose slowly to 80 in 1874. The village had 96 houses in 1874. It was part of the municipality of Kontias. The village had a representative in the island council. Apart from rural occupations, there were also sailors.

On 8 October 1812, it was the first village in Lemnos that was liberated by the Greek Army that landed on the nearby coast of Vourlidia. In 1915 it hosted many soldiers from the United Kingdom and its colonies that participated in the failed Gallipoli Campaign, and from 1918 until 1921 Russian refugees, both soldiers of Wrangel's army and citizens.

In 1918, Tsimandria became a community. Between the two World Wars, the village experienced growth. It had 720 inhabitants and 120 houses. The school was extended, and a covered fountain was built in 1935 by the square. The cultivation of cotton was started, and a cultural society that promotes traditional music, songs and dances of Lemnos. The last living link with the past is the lyre player Thanasis Kotsinadellis. As the rest of Lemnos, Tsimandria lost a large part of the population due to emigration. From 700 inhabitants in 1951, it declined to 292 in 1991.

Diapori

The small port Diapori is situated at the west side of the sandy isthmus that connects the Fakos peninsula with the rest of Lemnos. It is 2 km south of Tsimandria. There are a few small shipyards and taverns.

See also

External links

  • Tsimandria at the GTP Travel Pages

References

  1. ^ De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 39 MB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003. 
  • Tourptsoglou-Stefanidou Vassiliki, Voyages and Geographical Sources From Lemnos Island (15th-20th Centuries) (Ταξιδιωτικά και γεωγραφικά κείμενα για τη νήσο Λήμνο (15ος-20ος αιώνας) = Taxidiotika ke geografika kimena yia ti niso Limno (15os-20os eonas))
  • Lemnos and its villages by Th. Belitsos 1994.
  • Angelis Mihelis Tsimandria, Limnos newspaper, November 4, 1934
  • Lemnos/Limnos Province CD Rom (Cdrom Επαρχείου Λήμνου = CD Rom Eparcheiou Limnou): Lovable Lemnos
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