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Turks in Lebanon

Turks in Lebanon
Total population

50,000-80,000[1][2][3]

1%-1.7% of Lebanese population
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Religion
Sunni Islam

Turks in Lebanon, also known as Lebanese Turks (Turkish: Lübnan Türkleri), are people of Turkish ancestry who have had a thriving presence in Lebanon since the Ottoman period up to today.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Ottoman rule 1.1
      • Cretan Turks 1.1.1
    • Modern migration 1.2
  • Demographics 2
    • Population 2.1
    • Areas of settlement 2.2
  • Politics 3
    • Organisations 3.1
  • Notable people 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Bibliography 7

History

Ottoman rule

Lebanon became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1516, and Turks were brought into the region along with Sultan Selim I’s army during his campaign to Egypt and were settled in the conquered lands. Turkish colonisers were encouraged to stay in Lebanon by being rewarded with land and money.[4] This has seen a remaining legacy, as large amounts of ethnic Lebanese, mainly within the Sunni community, have a recent Turkish ancestor.

Cretan Turks

The history of the Cretan Turks in Lebanon began when the Ottoman Empire lost its dominion over the island of Crete.[5] After 1897, when the Ottomans lost control of the island, the Ottoman Empire sent ships to protect the island’s Cretan Turks. Most of these Turks were settled in Izmir and Mersin, but some of them were also sent to Tripoli and Damascus.[5] After World War I, the Ottoman Empire lost Lebanon, however, some of the Cretan Turks remained in Tripoli where their relatives lived. Today, there is about 10,000 Cretan Turks remaining in Tripoli.[5]

Modern migration

In the 1950s, thousands of Turks left the city of Mardin and headed for Lebanon because of the economic crises and unemployment in Turkey.[6] Many of these migrants settled in Beirut and could already speak Arabic; hence, they quickly adapted to life in Lebanon.[6]

Demographics

Population

The Turkish community in Lebanon currently numbers about 80,000.[1]

Areas of settlement

The descendants of the early Ottoman Turkish settlers mainly live in Akkar and Baalbeck,[7] whilst the descendants of the later Ottoman Turkish arrivals, mainly the Cretan Turks, currently live in Tripoli.[7] More recent Turkish arrivals to modern Lebanon from Turkey (Turkish citizens) and Syria (Syrian Turks) live in Beirut.[7]

Politics

The Turkish community is becoming more politically active by seeking better representation locally and support from the Turkish embassy in Beirut.[1]

Organisations

Established in 1997, the "Future Youth Association", located in Beirut's Witwat neighborhood, is the most active Turkish association in Lebanon. Because of confusion over its name with the Turkish language classes in Beirut using teachers sent from Turkey’s Ministry of Education. The turnout for these classes have so far exceeded expectations, with many Lebanese of Turkish origin attending classes.[1]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Al-Akhbar. "Lebanese Turks Seek Political and Social Recognition". Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  2. ^ Today's Zaman. "Tension adds to existing wounds in Lebanon". Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  3. ^ Zaman. "Siyasî gerilim, Lübnan'ın yaralarını derinleştiriyor". Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  4. ^ Orhan 2010, 7.
  5. ^ a b c Orhan 2010, 13.
  6. ^ a b Today's Zaman. "Turkish migrants grieve for Beirut from exile". Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  7. ^ a b c Orhan 2010, 8.
  8. ^ Harding University. "Bilal Aziz Özer". Retrieved 2012-04-05. 
  9. ^ Turkish Football Federation. "L.C. Sears Collegiate Seminar Series". Retrieved 2012-04-05. 
  10. ^ Today's Zaman. "In memory of Osman Selim and his service at Çanakkale". Retrieved 2012-04-05. 
  11. ^ Khal 1988, 175.
  12. ^ Rogan 2009, 344.

Bibliography

  • Khal, Helen (1988), The Woman Artist in Lebanon, University of Michigan,  .
  • Orhan, Oytun (2010), The Forgotten Turks: Turkmens of Lebanon, ORSAM .
  • Rogan, Eugene L. (2009), The Arabs: A History, Pennsylvania State University,  .
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