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Twenty-seventh dynasty of Egypt

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Title: Twenty-seventh dynasty of Egypt  
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Twenty-seventh dynasty of Egypt

Egypt
Province of Achaemenid Empire
 

525 BC–402 BC

Flag of Achaemenid Egypt (First Egyptian Satrapy / satrapy VI)

Standard of Cyrus the Great

Historical era Achaemenid era
 •  Battle of Pelusium 525 BC
 •  Disestablished 402 BC

The Twenty-seventh Dynasty of Egypt also known as the First Egyptian Satrapy was effectively a province of the Achaemenid Persian Empire between 525 BC to 402 BC.

History

The last pharaoh of the Twenty-Sixth dynasty, Psamtik III, was defeated by Cambyses II of Persia in the battle of Pelusium in the eastern Nile delta in May 525 BCE. Egypt was then joined with Cyprus and Phoenicia in the sixth satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire. Thus began the first period of Persian rule over Egypt (also known as the 27th Dynasty), which ended around 402 BC.

After an interval of independence, during which three indigenous dynasties reigned (the 28th, 29th, and 30th dynasty), Artaxerxes III (358 BC) reconquered the Nile valley for a brief second period (343 BC), which

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