World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

University of Khartoum

University of Khartoum
جامعة الخرطوم
Former names
Gordon Memorial College (1902-1951)
University College Khartoum (1951-1956)
Motto الله - الحقيقة - الوطن - الإنسانية
Allah - Al-Haqiqa - Al-Watan - Al-Insaniyya[1]
Motto in English
God - Truth - Our Country - Humanity[1]
Established 1902
Type Public
Location Khartoum State, Sudan
Campuses 4
Website www.uofk.edu

University of Khartoum ( shortened to UofK ) (Arabic: جامعة الخرطوم) is a multi-campus, co-educational, public university located in Khartoum. It is the largest and oldest university in Sudan. UofK was founded as Gordon Memorial College in 1902 and established in 1956 when Sudan gained independence. Since that date, the University of Khartoum has been recognized as a top university and a high-ranked academic institution in Sudan and Africa.[2]

It features several institutes, academic units and research centers including Mycetoma Research Center, Soba University Hospital, Saad Abualila Hospital, Dr. Salma Dialysis centre, Institute of Endemic Diseases and U of K publishing house. The Sudan Library, a section of the university's library, serves as the national library of Sudan.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Student body 2
  • Campuses 3
  • Admission 4
  • Faculties 5
    • Faculty of Dentistry 5.1
      • Academic programs 5.1.1
      • Facilities 5.1.2
      • Center for MFDRCSI Examinations 5.1.3
      • Association of Dental Students- University of Khartoum (ADSUK) 5.1.4
  • Research centers 6
  • Libraries 7
  • ICT 8
  • Vice-chancellors 9
    • Politics 9.1
    • Scientists 9.2
    • Art and education 9.3
    • Education in Saudi Arabia 9.4
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

In 1898 after Gordon of Khartoum, who was killed in the Battle of Khartoum. Gordon Memorial College was founded in 1902 with primary education being its sole program.

By 1906, the college was offering programs for training assistant engineers, land surveyors and primary school teachers. The first equipped laboratory for bacteriological analysis was added in 1905, with donations from Sir Henry Wellcome, an American-British pharmaceutical entrepreneur and archaeologist.

In 1924, the college incorporated programs in Sharia, engineering, education (teachers training), clerical work, accounting and science. The Kitchener School of Medicine, the first medical school in Sudan, was established.

In 1936, the School of Law was established. In 1947, the college was affiliated with The University of London as the first overseas participant in its "special relationship" scheme. The first graduates to receive University of London degrees completed their programs in 1950. The next year, Gordon Memorial College was formally renamed University College Khartoum, which incorporated the Kitchener School of Medicine.

When Sudan gained independence in 1956, the new Parliament passed a bill to award university status to Khartoum University College. It officially became Khartoum University on 24 July 1956. The eminent horticultural scientist John Pilkington Hudson was a visiting professor in 1961-3, who founded its department of horticulture.[3]

On 5 April 1984, the Government announced the closure of all faculties of the university. The university was reopened fully on August 1.[4]

The university was closed again in January 1997, to allow students to join the armed forces.[5]

Student body

The university has 16,800 undergraduate students in 23 faculties, schools and graduate research institutes. The annual admission rate is 3,500 students, 55% of whom are female. There are 6,000 graduate students (graduate diploma, M.Sc. and Ph.D.). It has 850 teaching staff (faculty), 20 research fellows and 500 teaching assistants.

Campuses

There are four campuses:

  • The Central Campus in Central Khartoum.
  • The Medical Campus located in the South of Central Khartoum.
  • The Agriculture and Veterinary Campus at Shambat, Khartoum North.[6]
  • The Faculty of Education Campus at Omdurman 15 km from central campus.

Admission

Undergraduate admission policy is governed by the Board of Higher Education of Sudan, which sets the minimum admission requirement for high school students based on their national origin (Sudanese vs. non-Sudanese) and the high-school certificate board.

For post-graduate studies, the requirements are on the university admission webpage.1

Students of University of Khartoum engage in Workshops, Lectures, Debates, Forum Activism, book clubs and Political Parties. Sporting Activities include university sports championship tournament and Sudan colleges championship tournament.

Faculties

The Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences was founded in 1966 under the name “School of Medical Laboratory Technicians” as a joint venture between the Faculty of Medicine,University of Khartoum and the Ministry of Health. Its development was continued until in 1993 an ordinance was passed for the establishment of the College of Medical Laboratory Sciences an independent institution affiliated to the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research.In 1997,it was merged with the University of Khartoum as the Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences (FMLS). The Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences offers preparation for careers in medical (clinical) laboratory sciences. A career in medical laboratory sciences is a great way to combine an aptitude for science with the desire to help others. Medical Laboratory Scientists, also known as clinical laboratory scientists, are highly skilled professionals who perform analytical tests on blood, tissue, and body fluids to provide laboratory information for the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of human diseases. There also is a growing trend for medical lab scientists to perform wellness laboratory testing aimed at preventing disease. Degrees Awarded: General B.Sc.: 4 years Honor B.Sc.: 5 years M.S.c: By courses M.Sc.: By research PhD: By research Departments of the Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences:

2.1- Department of Microbiology:

It is one of the biggest departments in FMLS, it includes the following disciplines: Medical Bacteriology, Medical Virology, Medical Mycology, Immunology.

2.2- Departments of Haematology and Immunohematology:

Deals with all aspects related to blood, its components and related diseases such as anaemia, cancer, and also blood transfusion.

2.3- Department of Parasitology and Medical Entomology:

Teaches the knowledge of pathogenic parasites such as malaria, worms such as Schistosomes and insect vectors of diseases.

2.4- Department of Chemical Pathology:

Deals with everything related to body chemistry including but not limited to chemical shifts in the body due to diseases, hormonal balance, enzymes, trace elements and toxicology.

2.5- Department of Histopathology and Cytology:

Focuses on identifying the composition of cells and tissues of the body and the change in their composition due to chronic cases. Division of the Department: Cytopathology, Histotechniques, Immunohistochemistry, Cytogenetics, Molecular Pathology, Cellular pathology

Faculty of Dentistry

Faculty of Dentistry was established in 1971 as a school that belong to the Faculty of Medicine. It was the first in Sudan to provide dental training. In 1992 it upgraded to a separate faculty. The school now has approximately 60 outstanding faculty and staff and 600 students enrolled in BDS degree programs, 90 postgraduate and 90 dental technology.

Academic programs

  1. B.D.S. (five years)
  2. Intermediate Diploma in dental technology (three years)
  3. M.Sc. in wide variety of specialties (two years)
  4. Ph.D. in wide variety of specialties (three years)
  5. DDS - RD (four years)
  6. DDS - Dental Specialty (four years)

Facilities

  1. Dental Clinics
  2. Phantom Head Lab
  3. Dental Laboratory
  4. Museum
  5. Histopathology Lab
  6. Dental Radiology Unit
  7. Library and e-library

Center for MFDRCSI Examinations

By the end of 2011, Faculty of Dentistry became the only center in Africa for examinations of the Diploma of Member of Faculty of Dentistry, Royal College of Surgeon in Ireland (MFDRCSI). Part 1 exam is held twice a year and Part 2 is once a year. In all the previous exams, faculty graduate achieved outstanding grades.

Association of Dental Students- University of Khartoum (ADSUK)

Faculty of Dentistry Student have an association through which they can realize a lot of their activities. It is a member in the International Association of Dental Students (IADS). ADSUK organized one of the most successful IADS' conferences in Khartoum in 2006. One of the most programs arranged by ADSUK are the Health Field Trip where students as well as staff member travel to rural ares and stay there to give distant citizens dental services and to educate them.

Research centers

University of Khartoum plays a leading role in scientific research and development through a number of specialized research centers and institutes:

  • Institute of Endemic Diseases
  • Professor Abdalla Eltayeb Institute for Arabic Language
  • Institute of African and Asian Studies
  • Building and Road Research Institute (BRRI)
  • Development Studies and Reserarch Institute
  • Mycetoma Research Center
  • Institute of Environmental Studies

Libraries

University of Khartoum Library, known as the "Main Library," is one of the biggest and oldest libraries in universities in Sudan and Africa. The library building represent the historical and iconic heritage of U. of K. In addition to the Main library, there are small libraries in each faculty and institute as well as Altegany Almahi library for postgraduate students and Sudan Library.

ICT

University of Khartoum has an Information Technology and Communication Center which is responsible for developing and managing of the ICT infrastructure of the university. All university campuses are connected by dedicated high-speed links (fiber optics); WiFi covered most of the campuses and electronic registration on the university website. In addition to the ICT centre, the Faculty of Mathematical Sciences has its own Information Technology research unit which is active in developing and promoting Open Source software in Sudan.

Vice-chancellors

Since the independence of Sudan, highly qualified Sudanese were appointed to the position of University of Khartoum vice chancellor. The first one was Dr. Nasr El hag Ali and the most notable one is Prof. ELnazeer Dafalla.

University of Khartoum plays a great role in building and qualifying most of the Sudanese leaders.

Politics

Scientists

  • Osama O. Awadelkarim: Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics and Associate Director for the Center for Nanotechnology Education and Utilization (CNEU) at Penn State.[7]
  • Elfatih A.B. Eltahir: Professor of Hydrology and Water Resources at MIT.[8]
  • Jaafar M.H. Elmirghani: Professor of Communication Networks and Systems, and Director of the Institute of Integrated Information Systems at the University of Leeds.[9]
  • Salah-Eldin A. Mohammed: Professor and Distinguished Scholar at Department of Mathematics, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois.[10]
  • Moiz Bakhiet: Neurologist, founder of Princess Al-Jawhara Center for Molecular Medicine, Genetics and Inherited Diseases in the Kingdom of Bahrain.[11]

Art and education

Education in Saudi Arabia

References

  1. ^ a b "University Emblem". U. of Khartoum. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Akec, John A. (14 February 2009) Why the university education still excites Sudanese? The Sudan Tribune, Comment and Analysis, Retrieved 21 August 2012
  3. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 24 July 2011.(subscription required)
  4. ^ Haim Shaked; Daniel Dishon, eds. (1986). Middle East Contemporary Survey, Vol. 8, 1983-84. The Moshe Dayan Center. p. 646.  
  5. ^ Publitec Publications, ed. (1 January 2007). Who's Who in the Arab World 2007-2008 (18th ed.). Walter de Gruyter. p. 1031.  
  6. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20041224090405/http://www.uofk.edu/faculties/veterinary/about/about.htm
  7. ^ http://www.esm.psu.edu/people/directory/resume.php?id=ooa1
  8. ^ http://cee.mit.edu/eltahir
  9. ^ http://www.personal.leeds.ac.uk/~eenjmhe/
  10. ^ http://salah.math.siu.edu/
  11. ^ http://hhaljawharacenter.com

External links

  • University of Khartoum website
  • Durham University Library Special Collections Catalogue

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.