World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

University of Zurich

University of Zurich
Universität Zürich
Latin: Universitas Turicensis
Established 1833 (1525)
Type Public university
Budget 1,278 million Swiss francs[1]
President Prof. Dr. Michael Hengartner
Academic staff
3,702 (Full-time equivalent)[1]
Administrative staff
2,051 (Full-time equivalent)[1]
Students 25,732[1]
Location Zürich, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland
Campus Urban
Affiliations LERU

The University of Zurich (UZH, German: Universität Zürich), located in the city of Zürich, is the largest university in Switzerland,[2] with over 26,000 students.[3][4] It was founded in 1833[5] from the existing colleges of theology, law, medicine and a new faculty of philosophy.

Currently, the university has 7 faculties: Philosophy, Human Medicine, Economic Sciences, Law, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Theology and Veterinary Medicine. The university offers the widest range of subjects and courses than any other Swiss higher education institution.[6]


  • History 1
  • Campus 2
    • Museum 2.1
  • Academics 3
    • Faculties 3.1
    • Rankings 3.2
    • Language policy 3.3
    • Notable fellows of the university 3.4
  • Student life 4
  • Notable alumni and faculty 5
    • Politics, law and society 5.1
    • Economics, business and management 5.2
    • Medicine 5.3
    • Nobel Prize laureates 5.4
  • Associated institutions 6
  • Notes and references 7
  • See also 8
  • External links 9


The University of Zurich was founded on April 29, 1833,[7] when the existing colleges of theology, the Carolinum founded by Huldrych Zwingli in 1525, law and medicine were merged with a new faculty of Philosophy. It was the first university in Europe to be founded by the state rather than a monarch or church.

A stormy event in the University's early years was the 1839 appointment of the German theologian David Friedrich Strauss to its Chair of Theology - which caused a major controversy, since Strauss argued that the miracles in the New Testament were mythical retellings of normal events as supernatural happenings.[8][9][10][11] Eventually, the authorities offered Strauss a pension before he had a chance to start his duties.

The university allowed women to attend philosophy lectures from 1847, and admitted the first female doctoral student in 1866. The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine was added in 1901, the second-oldest such faculty in the world. In 1914, the university moved to new premises designed by the architect Karl Moser on Rämistrasse 71.[12]


The university is scattered all over the city of Zurich. There are several libraries available for use by members of the university, including the ETH-library, and the Zurich Central Library, with over 5 million volumes.[13] In 1962, the faculty of science proposed to establish the Irchelpark campus on the Strickhofareal. The first stage the construction of the university buildings was begun in 1973, and the campus was inaugurated in 1979.[14][15] The construction of the second stage lasted from 1978 to 1983.[15] The campus also houses the anthropological museum Anthropologisches Museum,[16] and the cantonal Staatsarchiv Zürich.[17]


The Institute and Museum for the History of Medicine is part of the university.[18]



Main building by Karl Moser as seen from the south
Atrium Central
Irchel Campus, newer and more remotely located buildings of the University of Zurich
Statue at the entrance

The University of Zurich as a whole also ranks in the top ten of Europe and in the top fifty worldwide Notably in the fields of bioscience and finance, there is a close-knit collaboration between the University of Zurich and the ETH (Federal Institute for Technology, just across the road).Their faculty of chiropractic medicine is six years.[19]


53rd globally and 12th in Europe.
61st globally and 14th in Europe.
57th globally.
  • Professional Ranking of World Universities[22] (Based on the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies.)
32nd globally and 10th in Europe.
52nd globally and 1st in Switzerland.

According to Handelsblatt, the Department of Economics was ranked first (in 2009?) in the German-speaking area[24] and in 2009 the faculty of Business Administration was ranked third in the German-speaking area.[25]

Language policy

Bachelor courses are taught in Swiss Standard German ("Hochdeutsch"), but use of English is increasing in many faculties. All Master courses at the Faculty of Science are held in English. In some highly competitive and international programs, such as the Master of Science in Quantitative Finance, all lectures are held in English.

Notable fellows of the university

Student life

The university's Academic Sports Association (ASVZ) offers a wide range of sports facilities to students of the university.

Notable alumni and faculty

Politics, law and society


Economics, business and management


Nobel Prize laureates

Year Field Laureate
1901 Physics Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
1902 Literature Theodor Mommsen
1913 Chemistry Alfred Werner
1914 Physics Max von Laue
1921 Physics Albert Einstein
1933 Physics Erwin Schrödinger
1936 Chemistry Peter Debye
1937 Chemistry Paul Karrer
1939 Chemistry Lavoslav Ružička
1949 Medicine Walter Rudolf Hess
1987 Physics Karl Alex Müller
1996 Medicine Rolf M. Zinkernagel

Associated institutions

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d Gull, Thomas; Nickl, Roger; Siegfried, Carol, eds. (2013). "Facts and Figures 2012" (PDF). The Executive Board of the University of Zurich. 
  2. ^ "University of Zurich". 
  3. ^ "Profile: UZH in Numbers". University of Zurich. 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013. 
  4. ^ "University of Zurich, Switzerland". 
  5. ^ "University of Zurich". 
  6. ^ "Profile: At a glance". University of Zurich. 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008. 
  7. ^ "Dies academicus". University of Zurich. August 62, 2009. Retrieved January 31, 2010. 
  8. ^ The Life of Jesus, Critically Examined by David Friedrich Strauss 2010 ISBN 1-61640-309-8 pages 39–43 and 87–91
  9. ^ The Making of the New Spirituality by James A. Herrick 2003 ISBN 0-8308-2398-0 pages 58–65
  10. ^ Familiar Stranger: An Introduction to Jesus of Nazareth by Michael J. McClymond (Mar 22, 2004) ISBN 0802826806 page 82
  11. ^ See Douglas R McGaughey, "On D.F. Strauß and the 1839 Revolution in Zurich"
  12. ^ . University Zurich hosts several nobel price winners, such as Alber Einstein, Röntgen, etc. Ganz, Michael T.; Stucki, Heinzpeter (2008), History in brief, University of Zurich, retrieved January 31, 2010 
  13. ^ Stadt Zürich (Map). 1:1000. University of Zurich. April 4, 2006. Retrieved January 31, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Irchelpark" (in German). Universität Zürich. Retrieved 2014-12-20. 
  15. ^ a b "Irchelpark" (in German). Grün Stadt Zürich. Retrieved 2014-12-20. 
  16. ^ "Anthropologisches Museum" (in German). Universität Zürich. Retrieved 2014-12-20. 
  17. ^ "Kleine Zürcher Verfassungsgeschichte 1218–2000" (PDF) (in German).  
  18. ^ Website of the Institute and Museum for the History of Medicine, University of Zurich
  19. ^ Staff Writer. "Chiropractic medicine". University website. University of Zurich. Retrieved January 30, 2014. 
  20. ^ "THES – QS World University Rankings 2009 – top universities".  
  21. ^ QS World University Rankings – 2014. Top Universities (August 22, 2015). Retrieved on September 7, 2013.
  22. ^ "The 377 leading higher education institutions in 2009". International Professional Ranking of Higher Education Institutions.  
  23. ^ "URAP – University Ranking by Academic Performance". URAP. December 2014. Retrieved February 15, 2011. 
  24. ^
  25. ^ "Handelsblatt Ranking Betriebswirtschaftslehre 2009". Handelsblatt. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 

See also

External links

  • Union of students' associations of the University of Zurich
  • The Ranking Forum of Swiss Universities
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.