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Urticaceae

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Title: Urticaceae  
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Subject: Discocarpus, Boehmeria cylindrica, Aboriella, Dendrocnide moroides, Dendrocnide peltata
Collection: Rosid Families, Urticaceae
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Urticaceae

Nettle family
Urtica dioica (stinging nettle)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Urticaceae
Juss., 1789
Synonyms

Cecropiaceae C. C. Berg[1]

Urticaceae , the nettle family, is a family of flowering plants. The family name comes from the genus Urtica. Urticaceae includes a number of well-known and useful plants, including the nettles, ramie (Boehmeria nivea), māmaki (Pipturus albidus), and ajlai (Debregeasia saeneb).

The family includes about 2600 species, grouped into 54 to 79 genera according to the database of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The largest genera are Pilea (500 to 715 species), Elatostema (300 species), Urtica (80 species), and Cecropia (75 species).

Urticaceae can be found worldwide, apart from the polar regions.

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Taxonomy 2
    • Genera (partial list) 2.1
  • Diseases 3
  • Image gallery 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Description

Urticaceae can be shrubs (e.g. Pilea), lianas, herbs (e.g. Urtica, Parietaria), or, rarely, trees (Dendrocnide, Cecropia). Their leaves are usually entire and bear stipules. Urticating (stinging) hairs are often present. Urticaceae have usually unisexual flowers and can be both monoecious or dioecious. They are wind-pollinated. Most disperse their pollen when the stamens are mature and their filaments straighten explosively, a peculiar and conspicuously specialised mechanism.

Taxonomy

Male and female flower of Urtica

The APG II system puts the Urticaceae in the order Rosales, while older systems consider them part of the Urticales, along with Ulmaceae, Moraceae, and Cannabaceae. APG still considers "old" Urticales a monophyletic group, but does not recognise it as an order on its own.

Genera (partial list)

Diseases

The Urticaceae are subject to many bacterial, viral, fungal, and nematode parasite diseases. Among them are:[3]

Image gallery

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^ F. Br."Metatrophis".  
  3. ^ "Common Names of Plant Diseases: Diseases of Foliage Plants (House Plants): Urticaceae". The American Phytopathological Society. 26 March 1993. Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Chase, A. R. (1983). "Influence of host plant and isolate source on Myrothecium leaf spot of foliage plants" (PDF). Plant Disease 67 (6): 668–671.  
  5. ^ Nguyen, Thu Ha, Mathur, S. B., & Neergaard, Paul (1973). "Seed-borne species of Myrothecium and their pathogenic potential". Transactions of the British Mycological Society 61 (2): 347–354, IN14–IN16.  

Further reading

  • Pignatti, Sandro (1982). Flora d'Italia (in Italian). Bologna: Edagricole.  
  • Friis, Ib (1989). Urticaceae. Flora of tropical East Africa. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.  

External links

  • Stevens, P. F. "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, Version 13". Missouri Botanical Garden.  continuously updated.
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