World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Vance Hartke


Vance Hartke

Vance Hartke
United States Senator
from Indiana
In office
January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1977
Preceded by William E. Jenner
Succeeded by Richard Lugar
Chairman of the Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs
In office
January 3, 1971 – January 3, 1977
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Alan Cranston
Personal details
Born Rupert Vance Hartke
(1919-05-31)May 31, 1919
Pike County, Indiana
Died July 27, 2003(2003-07-27) (aged 84)
Falls Church, Virginia
Resting place

Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington, Virginia
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Martha Hartke
Children Sandra Hartke
Jan Hartke
Wayne Hartke
Keith Hartke
Paul Hartke
Anita Hartke
Nadine Hartke
Alma mater Evansville University
Indiana University School of Law - Bloomington
Profession Attorney
Religion Lutheran
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
United States Coast Guard
Years of service 1942–1946
Rank Lieutenant
Battles/wars World War II

Rupert Vance Hartke (May 31, 1919 – July 27, 2003) was a Democratic United States Senator from Indiana from 1959 until 1977.


  • Early life, education, military service 1
  • Legal and political career 2
  • Senate service and later life 3
  • Posthumous award 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Early life, education, military service

Hartke was born on May 31, 1919 in

United States Senate
Preceded by
William E. Jenner
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Indiana
Served alongside: Homer E. Capehart, Birch Bayh
Succeeded by
Richard Lugar
Political offices
New title
Committee Created
Chairman of the Senate Veterans' Affairs Committee
Succeeded by
Alan Cranston

External links

  • "Rupert Vance Hartke". Arlington National Cemetery. 
  • Myrna Oliver (29 July 2003). "Vance Hartke, 84; Indiana Senator Opposed Johnson on Vietnam". Los Angeles Times. 
  • Wolfgang Saxon (29 July 2003). "Vance Hartke, 84, Antiwar Senator From Indiana, Dies". New York Times. 
  • Olson, James Stuart (1999). Historical Dictionary of the 1960s. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 222.  
  • "USIP Timeline". United States Institute of Peace. 
  • "Honoring the Life of Senator Vance Hartke" (PDF). Congressional Record, Senate. 
  • "The Policy Debate on Patient Care Financing for Victims of End-Stage Renal Disease". Richard A. Rettig, Duke University. 
  • "USIP Timeline". United States Institute of Peace. 
  • "Life in Legacy 2003". Life in Legacy. 
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Deaths Elsewhere, Baltimore Sun, July 29, 2003. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  4. ^ Ex-Senator Indicted in Polling Place Incidents, New York Times, September 9, 1994. Retrieved January 22, 2014.


In 2009 the JFK Club of Vanderburgh County awarded the John F. Kennedy Profiles in Courage Posthumous Award to Senator Vance Hartke. To carry forward the legacy and principals of President John F. Kennedy by supporting legislation and government officials or candidates that promote social justice and equality, in order to build a better community and society for all.

Posthumous award

Hartke's daughter, Anita Hartke, was the 2008 Democratic candidate for the United States House of Representatives from the 7th congressional district of Virginia. She lost to the Republican incumbent, Eric Cantor.

Hartke died in Falls Church, Virginia on July 27, 2003, at age 84, and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Hartke left behind his wife, Martha, and his seven children: Sandra, Jan, Wayne, Keith, Paul, Anita, and Nadine as well as thirteen grandchildren: Angela, Vance, Jason, Jessica, Travis, Melody, Chelsea, Hanna, Ryan, Tyler, Dean, Zachary, and Wyatt, and two great grand children: Colby and Jackson.

Hartke wrote two books — The American Crisis in Vietnam and You and Your Senator.

In 1994, Hartke pled guilty to a misdemeanor election fraud charge in southeastern Indiana's Dearborn County.[3] At the previous November's general election, a Kentucky-based casino firm had employed him as a consultant to support them during a casino-legalization referendum.[4]

Hartke was praised for winning passage of a measure making kidney dialysis more widely available. A statement entered into the Philip Hayes, Hartke was defeated for reelection by Indianapolis Mayor Richard Lugar in a landslide; he only carried one county, Lake County. Until the election of Joe Donnelly in 2012, Hartke was the most recent state Democrat, aside from a member of the Bayh family, to have won and served in the Senate.

Hartke was credited with important roles in the passage of measures that created or supported student loan programs, veterans' benefits and the Department of Peace. The concept became known as the first cornerstone for the campaign that led to the creation of the U.S. Institute of Peace.

Hartke was re-elected in 1964, becoming only the third Indiana Democrat, after Benjamin Franklin Shively in 1914 and Frederick Van Nuys in 1938, to be popularly elected to a second term in the Senate. He helped create student loan programs and new veterans benefits during his second term. He ordered automakers to equip cars with seat belts. He helped to establish Amtrak as chairman of the Subcommittee on Surface Transportation. Hartke used his chairmanship of Commerce Transportation Subcommittee to make automakers equip cars with seat belts and other safety equipment. That his sister, Ruth E. Hartke, was killed in a head-on crash in Ohio (2 Sep 1964) while working his campaign likely provided motivation in that area. He also was instrumental in creating the International Executive Service Corps, an organization, modeled after the Peace Corps that sent retired U.S. businessmen to poor countries to help turn small businesses into large ones.

Hartke was elected to the Senate in 1958 at age 39 as a hard-working, liberal Democrat with a strong relationship with Senate Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson. In his first term, Hartke was a member of the Finance and Commerce committees. During his first term, Hartke lobbied for programs like Medicare and Medicaid, and supported the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

In the Senate, Hartke was best known for his opposition to the Vietnam War and his chairmanship of the Senate Veterans Affairs Committee. Hartke had a fallout with President Lyndon Johnson when he became one of the first opponents of the Vietnam War.

Senate service and later life

After joining the Indiana State Bar in 1948, Hartke began practicing law in Evansville. He also worked as deputy prosecuting attorney of Vanderburgh County (1950–1951) and mayor of Evansville (1956–1958) and integrated the city swimming pools before being elected to the United States Senate in 1958 and reelected in 1964 and 1970 (1959–1977).

Legal and political career

in 1948. Indiana University Maurer School of Law. Hartke graduated from the Lieutenant to Seaman, rising from United States Coast Guard and United States Navy) in 1940, and from 1942 until 1946 Hartke served in the University of Evansville He attended public schools in Stendal. He graduated from Evansville College (now the [2] His paternal grandparents were German, as were all of his maternal great-grandparents.[1]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.