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Walton and Ivythorn Hills

 

Walton and Ivythorn Hills

Walton and Ivythorn Hills
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Viewpoint on Walton Hill
Walton and Ivythorn Hills is located in Somerset
Walton and Ivythorn Hills
Shown within Somerset
Area of Search Somerset
Grid reference ST475346
Coordinates
Interest Biological
Area 34.9 hectares (0.349 km2; 0.135 sq mi)
Notification 1953 (1953)
Natural England website

Walton and Ivythorn Hills (grid reference ST475346) is a 34.9 hectare (86.1 acre) biological Site of Special Scientific Interest near Street at the south-eastern end of the Polden Hills in Somerset, notified in 1953. Walton Hill is south of the village of Walton, and Ivythorn Hill (sometimes spelled Ivy Thorn Hill) is south of Street.

This site is owned and managed by the National Trust. They acquired 0.248 hours (0.89 ks) of Ivythorn Hill in 1988, which followed 16.606 hectares (41.03 acres) of Walton Hill in 1940 and the initial 18.751 hectares (46.33 acres) of Ivythorn Hill and Wood in 1919.[1]

Walton and Ivythorn Hills support a complex mosaic of semi-natural habitats which includes unimproved calcareous grassland, dense and scattered scrub and broadleaved woodland. Structural diversity within the habitats, together with the extensive areas of sheltered wood-edge and scrub-edge margins provide ideal conditions for many species of invertebrate. Butterflies, Leafhoppers, Spiders and Soldier Flies are particularly well represented. The Great Green Bush Cricket (Tettigonia viridissima) is also of interest.[2]

There is some evidence of the remains of ancient earthworks on Walton Hill.

The shoe manufacturer C&J Clark, through the Society of Friends, had a small sanatorium and convalescent home on Ivythorn Hill overlooking Street. In 1931, this chalet style building was leased to the Youth Hostel Association and became the first youth hostel in Somerset. It is still used for this purpose.[3]


References

  1. ^ "Acquisitions Up to December 2011" (PDF). National Trust. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Walton and Ivythorn Hills". English Nature. Retrieved 2006-08-21. 
  3. ^ "Youth Hostel, Street". Youth Hostel Association. Retrieved 2 July 2010. 
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