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West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana

West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting West Feliciana Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1824
Named for Marie Felice de Gálvez
Seat St. Francisville
Largest town St. Francisville
Area
 • Total 426 sq mi (1,103 km2)
 • Land 403 sq mi (1,044 km2)
 • Water 23 sq mi (60 km2), 5.3%
Population
 • (2010) 15,625
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

West Feliciana Parish (French: Paroisse de Feliciana Ouest) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,625.[1] The parish seat is St. Francisville.[2] The parish was established in 1824.[3]

Feliciana Parish was one of two 19th-century Louisiana parishes to be divided into East and West, the other being Carroll Parish.

West Feliciana Parish is part of the Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The River Bend Nuclear Generating Station, operated by Entergy Nuclear, is located in West Feliciana Parish below St. Francisville. It produces approximately 10 percent of the total electric power demand in Louisiana.[4]

The Louisiana State Penitentiary is also located in the Parish, in Angola.

Contents

  • History 1
    • 18th & 19th centuries 1.1
    • West Feliciana & national politics 1.2
  • Geography 2
    • Major highways 2.1
    • Adjacent parishes and counties 2.2
    • National protected area 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Government and infrastructure 4
  • Education 5
  • News media 6
  • Communities 7
    • Unincorporated communities 7.1
  • Notable people 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

Bayou Sara seen from the Mississippi, late 1840s; St. Francisville on the rise in the background.

18th & 19th centuries

Following the founding of the Bayou Sara settlement by Franciscan/Capuchin monks in the late 17th century, the area was explored further by Spain, France, and Great Britain. The original settlement has been covered over by waters of the Mississippi River, which shifted course.

After 1763, when France was defeated by Britain in the Seven Years' War, it ceded this part of La Louisiane to Great Britain, which included it in its West Florida province. Spain gained control of the area in about 1780 – during the American Revolutionary War – and maintained its authority in the area for the next three decades.

In 1810, the colonists, many of whom were of British descent, rebelled against the colonial regime and established the short-lived independent Republic of West Florida. Within a few months, the United States declared the area to be part of the territory included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. (Today this region is called the Florida Parishes).

Feliciana Parish was established in 1810, in the Territory of Orleans, which was admitted to the Union two years later as the state of Louisiana. With continued growth of population, in 1824 Feliciana Parish was divided into the East Feliciana and West Feliciana parishes.[3]

During the American Civil War, West Feliciana Parish provided financial assistance to the families of soldiers fighting for the Confederate States of America. Wives and children of soldiers were to receive from $10 to $40 per month, depending on family size.[5]

West Feliciana & national politics

Since before the Civil War, West Feliciana had been historically Sargent Shriver ticket. During the same period, most African Americans in the South began to support the national Democratic Party, which had helped their drive for civil rights.

Since 2000, white voters in the parish have supported the Republican Party candidates in Dick Cheney in 2004, with 2,932 (56 percent) to 2,214 (42 percent) over Democratic candidates John Kerry and John Edwards. Republicans John McCain and Sarah Palin won the parish in 2008, but they lost the Presidential/Vice-Presidential contest to Democrats Barack Obama and Joe Biden.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 426 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 403 square miles (1,040 km2) is land and 23 square miles (60 km2) (5.3%) is water.[6]

The parish is located on the Mississippi River, and is bordered by Pointe Coupee Parish to the west and East Feliciana Parish to the east. The parish is about 30 miles (48 km) north of Baton Rouge and about 60 miles (97 km) south of Natchez, Mississippi.[7]

The area—including references to the loess soil and Louisiana State Penitentiary—was used by Walker Percy as the setting for his last novel, The Thanatos Syndrome.

Major highways

Adjacent parishes and counties

National protected area

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,625 people residing in the parish. 52.0% were White, 46.5% Black of African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.6% of some other race and 0.6% of two or more races. 1.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 15,111 people, 3,645 households, and 2,704 families residing in the parish. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 4,485 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 48.63% White, 50.51% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,645 households out of which 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.10% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 23.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the parish the population was spread out with 20.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 40.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 7.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 191.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 223.60 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $39,667, and the median income for a family was $47,239. Males had a median income of $35,046 versus $21,922 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $16,201. About 15.00% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.30% of those under age 18 and 23.40% of those age 65 or over.

In January 2007 the State of Louisiana estimated that 15,318 people lived in the parish, with 5,000 of them being prisoners at Louisiana State Penitentiary (Angola).[7]

Government and infrastructure

Louisiana State Penitentiary of the Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections is located in unincorporated West Feliciana Parish.[14]

Education

The entrance to the West Feliciana Parish Public Schools schools complex in Bains

West Feliciana Parish Public Schools serves the parish. All residents are zoned to Bains Lower Elementary School, Bains Elementary School, West Feliciana Middle School, and West Feliciana High School.[15] Tunica Elementary School, a parish elementary school, was closed after the parish school board voted to close the school in May 2011.[16]

Some students in the parish attend Wilkinson County Christian Academy in Wilkinson County, Mississippi.[17]

The West Feliciana Parish Library is located in St. Francisville.[18] The library, previously a part of the Audubon Regional Library System, became independent in January 2004.[19]

The parish's proximity to Baton Rouge offers access to Louisiana State University, Southern University, and Baton Rouge Community College.[7]

News media

Founded in 1892, the St. Francisville Democrat was the parish's local newspaper and served as the official journal for the parish's governmental bodies. The paper, founded by W. W. Leake and his wife May, was originally called "The True Democrat." After Leake's death, May Leake married Elrie Robinson and they continued publication of the newspaper.[20] After May's death in the 1920s, Robinson remarried. The paper was later published by Elrie's son James M. Robinson, who sold it to Marilyn and David Goff in the 1970s. The newspaper was bought by Louisiana Suburban Press in 1979. Louisiana Suburban Press is part of Louisiana State Newspapers, owned by B.I Moody.

On October 1, 2014, the Democrat was sold by Louisiana State Newspapers to Capital City Press, Inc., owner of The Advocate (a major newspaper of Baton Rouge) and of other newspapers in the region. The last editor of the St. Francisville Democrat was M.W. Willis, widow of Hamilton Barrow Willis of (Avalon and Tanglewild plantations in) West Feliciana.

The Democrat ceased to be published as such; the news of the area is part of a "zoned" (localized) special section called The Advocate Extra - a section combining news from St. Helena, East Feliciana, and West Feliciana Parishes that debuted on October 9, 2014.

The Feliciana Explorer is an independent publication mailed to residents of East and West Feliciana. It is owned and published by Daniel Duggan, who also owns the Zachary Post.

Founded in 1976, The Angolite is a news magazine created and published at the Louisiana State Penitentiary.[21] Each year, it publishes six issues.[22]

Communities

Map of West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

St. Francisville, the parish seat, is the sole incorporated city in the parish. The result is that all communities are subject to parish government and law enforcement.

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "West Feliciana Parish". Center for Cultural and Eco-Tourism. Retrieved September 5, 2014. 
  4. ^ www.entergy-nuclear.com, accessed 27 October 2015.
  5. ^ John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963, ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, p. 74
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "West Feliciana Parish School System Profile." (Archive) West Feliciana Parish School System. 1. Retrieved on February 18, 2012.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  14. ^ "Louisiana State Penitentiary." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. Retrieved on August 24, 2010.
  15. ^ "Schools." West Feliciana Parish Public Schools. Retrieved on February 18, 2012.
  16. ^ Rivas, Brittany. "West Feliciana board closes elementary school." WBRZ. May 18, 2007. Retrieved on February 18, 2012.
  17. ^ "About the School" (Archive). Wilkinson County Christian Academy. Retrieved on April 15, 2015.
  18. ^ "Directory." West Feliciana Parish Library. Retrieved on September 29, 2010.
  19. ^ "About Us." West Feliciana Parish Library. Retrieved on September 29, 2010.
  20. ^ Butler, Anne (September 23, 2014). "Farewell to St. Francisville’s True Democrat and Welcome to The Advocate". Friends in St. Francisville, La. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  21. ^ "Rehabilitative Services / Work Programs." Louisiana State Penitentiary. Retrieved on August 29, 2010.
  22. ^ ""Time in Prison", Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. 34/40. Retrieved on September 23, 2010.
  23. ^ "Lawrason, Samuel McCutcheon".  

External links

  • St. Francisville and West Feliciana Parish Website
  • St. Francisville and West Feliciana Tourism Commission
  • Travel ItineraryDiscover Our Shared HeritageExplore the History and Culture of Southeastern Louisiana, a National Park Service

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