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Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham

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Title: Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham  
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Subject: List of ancient Egyptian sites, Ramesses II
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Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham

Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham (literally "the resthouse of the mother of vultures")[1] is located on the North coast of Egypt 20 km to the west of Marsa Matruh, and about 300 km to the west of Alexandria[2]

During the reign of Ramesses II, it was the location of a fortress which marked the western extent of direct Egyptian influence.[3]

It was discovered in 1948 and in the subsequent years was sporadically examined by Alan Rowe and Labib Habachi, between 1994 and 2001 extensive excavations were undertaken by a University of Liverpool under the direction of Steven Snape. [3]


Further reading

  • L. Habachi: The Military Posts of Ramesses II on the Coastal Road and the Western Part of the Delta, in: BIFAO 80 (1980), S. 13-30
  • S. R. Snape: Walls, Wells and Wandering Merchants: Egyptian Control of the Marmarica in the Late Bronze Age in: C.J. Eyre (Hrsg.), Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Egyptologists, Leuven 1998, S. 1081-84
  • S. R. Snape: The excavations of the Liverpool University Mission to Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham 1994-2001, in: ASAE 78 (2004), S. 149-160, Kairo.

Coordinates: 31°24′00″N 27°01′33″E / 31.40000°N 27.02583°E / 31.40000; 27.02583

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