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Zuoz

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Title: Zuoz  
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Subject: Madulain, Pontresina, Lyceum Alpinum Zuoz, Bever, Switzerland, Engadin
Collection: Cultural Property of National Significance in Graubünden, Populated Places on the Inn (River)
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Zuoz

Zuoz
Coat of arms of Zuoz
Coat of arms
Zuoz is located in Switzerland
Zuoz
Coordinates:
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Maloja
Area[1]
 • Total 65.79 km2 (25.40 sq mi)
Elevation 1,716 m (5,630 ft)
Population (Dec 2014[2])
 • Total 1,244
 • Density 19/km2 (49/sq mi)
Postal code 7524
SFOS number 3791
Surrounded by Bergün/Bravuogn, La Punt-Chamues-ch, Livigno (IT-SO), Madulain, Pontresina, S-chanf
Website .ch.zuozwww
SFSO statistics

Zuoz (   ) is a municipality in the district of Maloja in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Languages 4
  • Sights 5
    • Heritage sites of national significance 5.1
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Zuoz is first mentioned about 840 as Zuzes.[3] Historically, Zuoz was the political center of the upper Engadin. It was the seat of the local bishop. But, it has long ago been supplanted by other Engadin villages such as St. Moritz and Samedan.

In 1137-39 the village was acquired from the count von Gamertingen by the Bishop of Chur. In 1244 Bishop Volkart appointed Andreas Planta from Zuoz to be the chancellor of the Oberengadin. The Planta family remained in power until 1798. In 1367, Zuoz joined the League of God's House under the leadership of the Amtmann Thomas Planta.

The continuing arguments between Zuoz and Samedan led, in 1438, to the division of the court into two parts, the courts of Sur and Suot Funtauna Merla. In 1492, the village bought the Bishop's property and rights to tax in Zuoz. Then, in 1526 the Bishop lost the right to high justice with the Ilanzer articles. In the Swabian War the inhabitants ignited their fields to force the enemy to retreat. Over the course of the 15th Century, several villages became independent of Zuoz. S-chanf left in 1518, La Punt-Chamues-ch in 1528 and Madulain in 1534. In 1554, Zuoz joined the Protestant Reformation and converted.

In 1512, the Three Leagues conquered the Valtellina valley. The improved trade routes and money that this valley brought, led to a golden age in the Engadin valley. During this time in Zuoz; a Latin school was established, the first written Romansh language was developed and choir singing spread in both religious and everyday theater. In addition Zuozer students visited foreign schools.

After the Bündner Wirren (or Confusion of the Leagues) from 1618 to 1639, many residents of the village emigrated seeking jobs in other regions. The loss of the Valtellina valley led to further emigrations and loss of political power. Following the end of the Ancien Régime and creation of the Canton of Raetia in the French controlled Helvetic Republic in 1798, all of Zuoz's privileges and political power vanished. It became a simple farming village.Zuoz still practices ancient traditions which date back to long before the Catholic Christianity. These include San Gian and Chalandamarz [3]

Geography

Zuoz Village

Zuoz has an area, as of 2006, of 65.6 km2 (25.3 sq mi). Of this area, 49.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 9.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (40.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Oberengadin sub-district of the Maloja district. The village center is located on the slope of Munt Albanas and is surrounded by new developments.

Demographics

Zuoz has a population (as of 31 December 2014) of 1,244.[2] As of 2008, 37.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -5.8%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 51.7% male and 48.3% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Zuoz is; 127 children or 9.4% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 88 teenagers or 6.5% are 10 to 14, and 241 teenagers or 17.8% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 154 people or 11.4% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 164 people or 12.1% are 30 to 39, 202 people or 14.9% are 40 to 49, and 152 people or 11.2% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 101 people or 7.5% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 87 people or 6.4% are 70 to 79, there are 34 people or 2.5% who are 80 to 89, there are 2 people or 0.1% who are 90 to 99, and 1 person who is 100 or more.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 42.3% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (25.6%), the SP (25.2%) and the CVP (5%).[4]

In Zuoz about 72.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Zuoz has an unemployment rate of 1.37%. As of 2005, there were 40 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 10 businesses involved in this sector. 116 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 15 businesses in this sector. 462 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 59 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 476 or 35.2% are Roman Catholic, while 667 or 49.3% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 36 individuals (or about 2.66% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 7 individuals (or about 0.52% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 14 (or about 1.03% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 6 individuals (or about 0.44% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 107 (or about 7.91% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 40 individuals (or about 2.96% of the population) did not answer the question.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1781 423
1850 378
1900 425
1930 969
1941 693
1950 779
1960 1,001
1970 1,165
1980 1,186
1990 1,199
2000 1,353

Languages

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (53.2%), with Romansh being second most common (25.8%) and Italian being third ( 9.8%).[4] Until the 19th Century, the entire population spoke the Upper-Engadin Romansh dialect of Puter. Due to increasing trade with the outside world, Romansh usage began to decline. In 1880 about 85% spoke Romansh as a first language, while in 1910 and again in 1941 it was only 56%.

Languages in Zuoz
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 457 38.53% 547 45.62% 720 53.22%
Romansh 461 38.87% 407 33.94% 349 25.79%
Italian 183 15.43% 144 12.01% 133 9.83%
Population 1186 100% 1199 100% 1353 100%

Sights

Zuoz is an example of a traditional Engadin village. It has many cobblestoned streets, an elegant town center and numerous beautiful old buildings. In the winter it offers an increasingly large family ski resort with large chair and T-bar lift, as well as a cross-country ski center. In the summer it has a golf course and numerous hiking trails.

Zuoz is home to the Lyceum Alpinum Zuoz, a prestigious preparatory school which has a high proportion of foreign nationals.

It is also home to the famous "Posthotel Engadina", a hotel with 2 restaurants, a cafe, a pool and newly refurbished rooms. As well as the Hotel Castell, a magnificent 5-star hotel with several reastaurants, a sauna and an outdoor mountain pool, as well as many works of art and fantastic scenery.

Zuoz also still retains many of its ancient traditions which it inherited from the Roman empire, including San Gian and Chalandamarz

Heritage sites of national significance

The Chaplutta S. Bastiaun and Chasa Pult are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[7]

References

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 31 August 2015
  3. ^ a b c Zuoz in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 21-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b c Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 21-Oct-2009

External links

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