Franz Barten

Franz Barten
Born (1912-01-26)26 January 1912
Saarbrücken, Germany
Died 4 August 1944(1944-08-04) (aged 32)
near Reinsehlen
Allegiance Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Rank Hauptmann
Unit JG 77, JG 51, JG 53

World War II

Awards Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe
German Cross in Gold
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (posthumous)

Franz Barten (26 January 1912 – 4 August 1944) was a World War II fighter ace from Germany. He was born on 26 January 1912 at Saarbrücken. Barten was credited with having shot down a total of 55 Allied aircraft.[1]


Barten was posted to Jagdgeschwader 77 on 1 July 1939. He served in the Invasion of Poland, Battle of France and Battle of Britain. Barten achieved his first victory on 14 September 1940 after shooting down a Royal Air Force Hawker Hurricane. On 21 November, 2./JG 77 was redesignated Jagdgeschwader 51. By the end of 1940, he had shot down three aircraft. Barten accompanied JG 51 to the Eastern Front and achieved his tenth victory on 12 July 1941 and twentieth victory on 10 September. By the end of 1941, he had 25 victories to his credit. His 30th victory came on 18 March 1942.[1]

On 10 November 1942, Barten was injured forcing him to be absent from combat duty. After recovery, he returned to IV./JG 51 and achieved his 44th victory on 4 August. This was his last victory on the Eastern front. On 1 June 1943, Barten was transferred as Staffelkapitän to 7./Jagdgeschwader 53 based in the Mediterranean theatre. He was appointed Staffelkapitän of 9./JG 53 on 15 July 1943 and achieved his 50th victory on 3 September, when he shot down a United States Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator near Della Pecara.[1]


On 4 August 1944, Barten was shot down in a Messerschmitt Bf 109 in aerial combat with P-47 Thunderbolt belonging to the United States Army Air Forces near Rheinsehlen. He bailed out of his aircraft, but was shot while hanging in his parachute.[2] He was posthumously promoted to the rank of Hauptmann.[1]


Franz Barten received a total of three awards and one of them was awarded posthumously.



  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.

External links

  • Ritterkreuzträger Franz Barten (German)
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