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History of the Hawaiian Kingdom Vol. 2

By Ralph S. Kuykendall

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Book Id: WPLBN0002096808
Format Type: Default
File Size: 2 MB
Reproduction Date: 4/12/2011

Title: History of the Hawaiian Kingdom Vol. 2  
Author: Ralph S. Kuykendall
Volume: 2
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, History of the Americas (Canada, Mexico, Central and South America, etc.), Hawaiian History
Collections: Education, Authors Community, Favorites from the National Library of China, History, Social Sciences, Agriculture, Military Science, Literature, Sociology, Naval Science, Law, Most Popular Books in China, Government, Political Science
Publication Date:
Publisher: University of Hawai'I Press
Member Page: Hale Kuamoʻo Hawaiian Language Center


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Kuykendall, R. S. (1953). History of the Hawaiian Kingdom Vol. 2. Retrieved from

This book is the second of three volumes designed to provide a general history of the modern Hawaiian Kingdom. The first volume was published some years ago under the title, The Hawaiian Kingdom, 1778-1854: Foundation and Transformation. The third volume, which explores the years 1874-1893, deals with the reigns of Kalakaua and Liliuokalani, the expansive reciprocity era and the downfall of the monarchy. The present volume covers the middle period of the kingdom's history, between the close of the reign of Kamehameha III and the accession of Kalakaua. It was an important period with distinct and well-marked characteristics. The ideas of the kings and many of the influences at work differed significantly from those of the preceding and following reigns. But it has been comparatively neglected by students of Hawaiian history; relatively little has been written about it; and the noteworthy changes and advances which occurred during these years have received less attention than they deserve. In the present volume, an attempt has been made to get a truer perspective and to give a more adequate account of the developments of the period. The book is based mainly upon manuscript sources and contemporary newspapers, the character and extent of which are indicated in the notes.

The first attempts to establish steam navigation among the Hawaiian islands were made by men engaged in similar enterprises in California; they were part of a much larger movement. The expansion of the United States to the Pacific coast, the extraordinarily rapid settlement of California after the discovery of gold in that region, and the quick rise of San Francisco to a position of importance in the commercial and maritime world deepened American interest in the Pacific region and in the trade of eastern Asia. This led naturally to discussion of the subject of steam navigation in the Pacific. Steamships were soon placed in operation along the American coast, and tentative plans were made for steamship lines to cross the great ocean to Hawaii, to the Orient, and to the British colonies in Australia and New Zealand. Projects for the annexation of Hawaii to the United States were another result of the same expansion movement, and there appears to have been a relationship between the idea of annexation and at least one of the schemes for putting steamships into the interisland service. Immediately after the beginning of the gold rush to California and before its full effect on Hawaii could be very clearly foreseen, the editor of the Honolulu Polynesian remarked on November 11, 1848, "We believe the time has arrived when a steamer to ply between the islands would pay."* During the next three years, several parties showed a definite interest in this subject,13and one of them took preliminary steps toward the establishment of steam navigation among the islands. In the summer of 1851, Captain William A. Howard of San Francisco visited Honolulu and on behalf of himself and associates applied to the government for the exclusive right to maintain steamer service between the islands for a period of seven years, with certain privileges to promote the success of the enterprise.14 The application was favorably considered, and on July 25, 1851, the king signed an ordinance granting to Howard for a term of five years the exclusive right sought by him, together with various special privileges.

Table of Contents
Interisland Coasting Service. 3 -- Interisland Steam Navigation. 11 -- Transoceanic Transporation. 15 -- Harbor Improvements. 19 -- Land Travel. 23 -- Mail Service. 26 -- The New King. 33 -- Administrative Organization. 36 -- General Policy. 37 -- Mission of W. L. Lee. 39 -- Failure of the Reciprocity Treaty. 45 -- Great Britain and the Reciprocity Treaty. 47 -- New Treaty with France. 47 -- Quest for Security. 54 -- Hawaii's Neutrality in Time of War. 57 -- Hawaii and Japan. 66 -- The Queen's Hospital. 69 -- Leprosy. 72 -- Immigration. 75 -- The Royal Family. 78 -- Hawaiian Reformed Catholic Church. 84 -- Other Religious Developments. 99 -- Educational Developments. 106 -- Kamehameha III and the Constitution of 1852. 115 -- Amending the Constitution of 1852. 119 -- Death of Kamehameha IV and Accession of Kamehameha V. 124 -- Constitution of 1864. 127 -- Decline of Whaling Industry. 135 -- Growth of Sugar Industry. 140 -- Other Agricultural Activity. 149 -- Hawaii's Trade Balance. 163 -- Steamship Service: Interisland. 164 -- Steamship Service: Transoceanic. 168 -- Hotel and Public Works. 172 -- Government Finances. 175 -- Bureau of Immigration. 178 -- Contract Labor System. 185 -- Problem of Population and Labor Supply Re-examined. 191 -- The United States and Hawaii. 196 -- A New Hand at the Wheel. 208 -- Reciprocity Sought Again. 209 -- Annexation vs. Reciprocity. 220 -- Relations with European Powers. 230 -- Treaty with Japan. 233 -- Kamehameha V and the Succession. 239 -- Election of Lunalilo. 242 -- Reciprocity—Pearl Harbor—Annexation. 247 -- The Leprosy Problem. 257 -- Illness of the King. 259 -- Mutiny of Household Troops. 259 -- Death of Lunalilo. 261 -- References. 263 -- Index. 299 --


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