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Rasgo antisocial y afecto positivo y negativo en población penitenciaria de México : Antisocial trait and positive and negative affect in the penitentiary population of Mexico, Volume Ano 6, Vol. XI Aug-Dec 2018: Antisocial trait and positive and negative affect in the penitentiary population of Mexico

By Blázquez, Ferrán , Padrós, Dr.


Description
The objective of this article is to study the relationship between the symptomatology of Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) and the levels of positive and negative affect in Mexican inmates. A sample of 65 male inmates was used, subsequently divided into 2 subsamples, one composed of 28 participants with probable ASPD and the other of 37, composed of inmates with high probabilities of not meeting the ASPD criteria. The diagnosis of ASPD was estimated based on the Aluja ETAPA scale, which assesses the presence of ASPD symptomatology, positive and negative affect was evaluated using the PANAS scales. Significant correlations were found between the ETAPA score and positive affect (low and negative) and negative affect (moderate and positive). In addition, inmates with probable ASPD showed a higher level of negative affect and less positive affect than the group with probable non-ASPD. The results obtained coincide partially with what was found in previous studies where psychopathy was evaluated. The present study supposes a first approximation on the relation between the positive and negative affects and the ASPD in Mexico.

Summary
El presente artículo tiene como objetivo estudiar la relación entre la sintomatología de Trastorno Antisocial de Personalidad (TAP) y los niveles de afecto positivo y negativo en reclusos mexicanos. Se utilizó una muestra de 65 reclusos varones, posteriormente se dividió en 2 submuestras, una compuesta por 28 participantes con probable TAP y la otra de 37, compuesta por reos con elevadas probabilidades de no cumplir con los criterios de TAP. La estimación del diagnóstico de TAP se realizó a partir de la escala ETAPA de Aluja, que evalúa la presencia de sintomatología de TAP, el afecto positivo y negativo fue evaluado mediante las escalas PANAS. Se observó correlaciones significativas entre la puntuación de la escala ETAPA y el afecto positivo (baja y negativa) y con el afecto negativo (moderada y positiva). Además, los reclusos con probable TAP mostraron mayor nivel de afecto negativo y menor afecto positivo que el grupo con probable no TAP. Los resultados obtenidos coinciden parcialmente con lo hallado en estudios previos donde se evaluó la psicopatía. El presente estudio supone una primera aproximación sobre la relación entre los afectos positivo y negativo y el TAP en México.

 

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