World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0004527253
Reproduction Date:

Title: Caeo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Paul Aurelian, Dolaucothi Gold Mines, List of places in Carmarthenshire
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Coordinates: 52°02′29″N 3°55′58″W / 52.041504°N 3.932784°W / 52.041504; -3.932784

For other uses, see Caio (disambiguation).

Caio or Caeo is a village in the county of Carmarthenshire, south-west Wales, sited near to the Dolaucothi Gold Mines.


It is located between Llandovery and Lampeter, 1 mile north-east of the A482 that connects these two towns. Caio lies at the confluence of the Afon Annell and the Nant Frena. It forms part of the parish of Cynwyl Gaeo.[1]


The parish church, consecrated to Saint Cynwyl, now stands at the centre of the village, near the Roman road that linked the Roman forts at Llandovery (Alabum) and Llanio (Bremia), and the Roman gold mines at Dolaucothi. The Roman road remained in use until the late 18th century, mainly as a cattle-road or Drover's road. The Dolaucothi Estate long held by the Johnes family is now a tourist attraction owned by the National Trust. A pounding-stone long known as Carreg Pumsaint[2] and a possible holy well are located nearby.

Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Fychan (c. 1341 – 9 October 1401) was a Caio landowner, who was executed by Henry IV for his alleigance to Owain Glyndŵr. The hymnist Dafydd Jones (1711–1777), also known as Dafydd Jones o Gaeo was born in the area. Two other hymnists, the brothers John Dafydd (1727–1783) and Morgan Dafydd (m. 1762) are also connected to the village.

The oldest record of a chapel in the village is the Tynewydd Calvinistic Methodists chapel which was built around 1774.[1] Ysgol Gynradd Caio stands next to the church, and was built in 1869. It teaches primarily through the medium of Welsh.


Other amenities include Caio Post Office and a public house, the Brunant Arms. At the turn of the century there were several public houses, the "Brunant Arms", the "Sexton's Arms", which was run out of someone's front room,[3] and the "King's Head Inn".[4]

In 1966 BBC Wales produced the documentary "A Village Called Caio" about rural life in rural West Wales. They paid a retrospective visit in 2008,[5] to see how the village had changed.

See also


External links

  • Caio Online
  • Photographs of Caio and surrounding areas
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.