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California Gurls

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California Gurls

For the song by The Beach Boys, see California Girls.

"California Gurls"
Teenage Dream
Released May 11, 2010 (2010-05-11)
(See release history)
Format
Recorded Conway Recording Studios, (Hollywood, California)
Genre Disco-pop, funk-pop
Length 3:56
Label Capitol
Writer(s)
Producer
Katy Perry singles chronology

"If We Ever Meet Again"
(2010)
"California Gurls"
(2010)
"Teenage Dream"
(2010)

Snoop Dogg chronology
"That Tree"
(2010)
"California Gurls"
(2010)
"It's in the Mornin'"
(2010)
Music video
YouTube

"California Gurls" is a song by American recording artist and songwriter Katy Perry from her third studio album, Teenage Dream (2010). Production was handled by Dr. Luke, Max Martin and Benny Blanco, all of whom contributed to the writing of the song along with Perry and Bonnie McKee. American hip hop artist Snoop Dogg also has a writing credit, and is featured as a guest vocalist on the song. According to Perry, the song is an answer song to "Empire State of Mind" by Jay-Z and Alicia Keys. "California Gurls" is a midtempo disco-pop and funk-pop song with influences of New Wave and electropop, while its lyrics are an ode to the state of California, in which both Perry and Snoop Dogg were born and raised.

"California Gurls" garnered positive reviews from music critics, with the majority of them labeling it a "summer anthem", as well as complimenting its production and chorus. Originally intended to be sent to mainstream and rhythmic airplay on May 25, 2010, the song was rush-released to radio on May 7, 2010, after clips from Perry's new album were leaked online. It was subsequently released to iTunes on May 11, 2010. The song was a worldwide success, peaking at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for six consecutive weeks, giving Perry her second US number-one single and Snoop Dogg his third. The song reached number one in over 10 countries, including Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.

A music video for the song was released on June 15, 2010, and features Perry and her dancers as pieces of a board game, set in the fictional "Candyfornia". Perry has said that the inspiration behind the video was artist Will Cotton, who was also the artistic director of the video. It has been noted that the video is influenced by several other works, including Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Alice in Wonderland, and the board game Candyland. On December 2, 2010, the song received a Grammy nomination for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals. In 2012, Billboard ranked the song number one on a special The 30 Summer Songs of All Time listing.

Background and composition

In an interview with HitQuarters, Perry's A&R at the time, Chris Anokute, said that while travelling back from an Oscar after-party Perry texted him to say she didn't think the album was finished and that it needed one more song. She said that she wanted to write a song about California girls.[1] During a Rolling Stone photo shoot in April 2010, Perry revealed details about the song, allegedly a response to Jay-Z's "Empire State of Mind", she stated:

"It's so great that 'Empire State of Mind' is huge and that everybody has the New York song, but what the fuck? What about LA? What about California? And it's been a minute since we've had a California song and especially from a girl's perspective. We took the references of Prince, which is always a great reference, and we took a lot of the '90s, ... almost that house music, some of those references."[2]

Initially the song was titled "California Girls", but in tribute to the group Big Star, who recently lost one of its members, the spelling was changed to "California Gurls" as a nod to their song, "September Gurls".[3] After the song was leaked online, Capitol Records decided to release it early, and it was posted on Perry's official website, and the radio date was moved up from May 25, 2010, to May 7, 2010.[4] The artwork was also released, featuring Perry laying out on the beach sand with a bejeweled bikini.

Perry used World Heritage Encyclopedia to research which rapper she wanted to collaborate with for "California Gurls", browsing West Coast artists before selecting Snoop Dogg.[5] The publishing company for The Beach Boys had allegedly threatened a lawsuit due to Snoop Dogg's line "I wish they could all be California Girls", which they consider to be one of the classic lines in the band's song "California Girls".[6]

"California Gurls"
noicon
A 30 second sample of "California Gurls" where the chorus is played.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

"California Gurls" is composed in styles of disco-pop and funk-pop[7][8][9] while bearing influence of New Wave music and electropop within its composition.[9][10] According to digital sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by Sony-ATV Music Publishing, the song is written in the key of F major and the tempo moves at 138 beats per minute over a house beat.[2][11] Perry's vocal range in the song spans from the lower note of C4 to the higher note of C5.[11] "California Gurls" utilizes multiple synths, drums, funk guitars, and electronic whooshes in its production.[11][12]

Critical reception

"California Gurls" has received positive reviews from most critics. Bill Lamb of About.com gave the song four stars, saying "If you are looking for catchy pop to animate your summer fun, it doesn't get a whole lot better than this". Lamb further complimented the track, writing, "Although it is fluff, this is classy fluff. Katy Perry does things her way, and each time I listen to 'California Gurls' it certainly sounds like a whole lot of fun."[13] The song was given five stars from Nick Levine of Digital Spy who commended Perry's "charismatic" vocals on the song as well as its "unstoppable pop chorus".[14] Amy Sciaretto of websiteArtistdirect deemed the track as "an irresistible, hook-filled call to action, demanding that you throw on Daisy Dukes and a bikini top".[15] Leah Greenblatt of Entertainment Weekly and Katie Hasty of HitFix called it "the summer jam" of 2010.[16][17] Rob Sheffield of Rolling Stone said that the song sets the tone for Teenage Dream.[18] Chris Richards ofThe Washington Post praised the song, calling it "fresh" and "fierce". He commended the expertise of the song's arrangement and its "buoyant" chorus. Richards went on to say that "California Gurls" is "an ever-lasting gobstopper of a tune" and that "summertime megahits rarely feel this good".[19] Brian Wilson from American band The Beach Boys commended Perry's vocal on the song and described its melody as "infectious".[20]

Glenn Gamboa of Newsday reviewed the song saying, "'California Gurls' is a fizzy-pop concoction of empty calories, but it sure does stick with you." He went on to note that the craftmanship of the song was of a high standard.[21] Steve Leftridge of PopMatters called "California Gurls" the radio jam of the summer of 2010 and "the gargantuan singalong fantasy that delivered on the promise built by the disco thump of hits like 'I Kissed a Girl' and 'Hot N Cold'." Leftridge also praised the song's musical composition, lyrical content and its chorus which he said "you know by heart halfway through your first listen."[22] The track was deemed as a highlight on Teenage Dream by Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic.[23] Michael Cragg of musicOMH praised the song, "First single California Gurls is brilliant, brattish fun, Perry sounding sweet and coy on the verses before that huge chorus erupts".[24] Edna Gundersen of USA Today said that the track is "an effervescent toast to summer fun."[25] Greg Kot of Chicago Tribune, however, dismissed the song as "relentlessly mechanical". He went on to describe Perry's vocal performance on the song as "a series of syllables digitally stitched together."[26] The single received a Grammy nomination for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals.[27] On May 25, 2012, Billboard ranked the song number one on a special The 30 Summer Songs of All Time listing.[28]

Chart performance

"California Gurls" sold 294,000 digital downloads in its first week and debuted at number one on the US Billboard Digital Songs chart. It debuted at number two on the Billboard Hot 100, making it Perry's highest debut on the chart at the time. On the issue dated June 19, 2010, the song reached number one, becoming Perry's second number-one song and Snoop Dogg's third.[29] "California Gurls" became the first single by an artist signed to Capitol Records in nearly 43 years to ascend to the number-one spot on the Billboard Hot 100 in its fourth week since Bobbie Gentry's single "Ode to Billie Joe" reached the top after four weeks on the chart.[30] It is Perry's third number one on the Pop Songs chart. "California Gurls" became the first song to top the 300,000 mark in digital sales more than once in 2010 with 318,000 and 359,000 copies sold in the first and second week of June, respectively.[31] Within seven weeks of its release, "California Gurls" sold over two million downloads, which is the second fastest pace to do so in digital history behind Flo Rida's "Right Round".[32] It debuted at number 31 on the Billboard Radio Songs chart and in the July 10, 2010, issue it reached number one on the magazine's Hot Dance Airplay chart, giving Perry her second number-one single on that chart. As of August 2012, the song has sold 5,358,000 digital copies in the US alone.[33]

Elsewhere, "California Gurls" reached number one in Canada and debuted in the top 20 in Belgium (Flanders and Wallonia), New Zealand and Norway. On May 24, 2010, "California Gurls" debuted on the Australian Singles Chart at number three, and later reached the number-one spot.[34] On the RIANZ Top 10 Radio Airplay Charts, the song came in at number one in New Zealand[35] and also received Gold certification from RIANZ. "California Gurls" entered the UK Singles Chart on June 27, 2010, at number one, becoming her second chart topper in the country. The single sold 123,607 copies in the UK in its first week (the second highest number in 2010 after the Helping Haiti charity single "Everybody Hurts").[36] After two weeks, the song sold 216,000 copies in the UK.[37] On October 29, 2010, the British Phonographic Industry classified the single as a "platinum record" (meaning it has sold over 600,000 units).[38][39] As of March 2012, the single had sold 741,001 copies in the United Kingdom becoming her second best-selling single there behind "Firework".[40]

Music video

The video was directed by Mathew Cullen and was inspired by the work of Will Cotton, who was also the Artistic Director of the video.[41][42] Filming of the video began on May 14, 2010. It premiered on June 15, 2010.[43][44] Perry explained the use of a candy theme rather than a beach theme for the video, saying, "It's definitely something to watch when you have the munchies. ... It's all edible. We named it 'Candyfornia' instead of 'California', so it's a different world," she said. "It's not just like, 'Oh, let's go to the beach and throw a party and then shoot a music video!' It's more like, 'Let's put us California Gurls in a whole different world!"[45]

In the music video, Perry is a game piece in Candyfornia, a game based in poker and board games. The settings are inspired in part by Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, and the board game Candy Land, with much of the set decorated with cupcakes, ice creams, cotton candy, and lollipops. Snoop Dogg appears in the video as a king named "Sugar Daddy" that is holding several young women (Queens of Candyfornia) captive throughout the game, using candy related devices to hold them. Perry moves around, experimenting with objects. She moves through the land, making discoveries and freeing the women. In the chorus, she appears lying down on a cotton candy cloud, naked. Snoop Dogg tries to block her advances in many ways. When all the women are free, Perry leads them in a dance on the beach. Seeing the women freed, "Sugar Daddy" becomes enraged, marching on the women's position with an army of gummy bears. Perry, dressed in a red Wonder Woman like costume, quickly defeats the army with whip cream guns attached to her breasts, after which the stunned king throws down his staff and surrenders. The video ends with "Sugar Daddy" buried up to his neck in the sand by the women, nonetheless admiring their beauty and (in a nod to the Beach Boys song) wishing that women everywhere could be California girls. Various California landmarks appear in the video, such as the Hollywood Walk of Fame, the Hollywood Sign and some West Coast beaches which were all made out of confectionery.[46]

Live performances

Perry performed the song on May 20, 2010, at the CW networks' annual "upfronts" presentation in New York.[47][48] Perry performed the song at the 2010 MTV Movie Awards on June 6, 2010, alongside Snoop Dogg.[49] Perry was the musical guest on the NBC variety series Saturday Night Live on September 25, 2010, (hosted by Amy Poehler) and performed the song live during the first music session of the program. Perry performed the song on The GRAMMY Nominations Concert Live! – Countdown to Music's Biggest Night on December 1, 2010. "California Gurls" was included as the encore for her California Dreams Tour. Outside the US, Perry performed the song on Le Grand Journal, on June 12, 2010,[50] and performed the song at the MuchMusic Video Awards on June 20, 2010.[51] In the UK, Perry performed California Gurls without Snoop Dogg on the BBC One chat show The Graham Norton Show on June 28, 2010.[52]

Covers, samples, and media usage

The German cover band The Baseballs covered the song. It is included on their album Strings 'n' Stripes.[53] The song has been covered in a Glee episode called "The Sue Sylvester Shuffle".[54] The Hub has released a promo for the animated series My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic. Entitled "Equestria Girls", it is set to the song's melody, with a new set of lyrics written specifically for the show and sung by Shannon Chan-Kent from the perspective of the character Pinkie Pie.[55] A video clip of Cebu Pacific flight attendants performing a pre-flight safety demonstration as a dance routine to this song ended up as a viral YouTube video clip, attracting comment.[56] San Francisco natives and K-pop sisters Jessica, of the girl group Girls' Generation, and Krystal, of the girl group f(x), sang the song as a duet as part of the SMTown Live World Tour III concert, which features artists from their management company S.M. Entertainment. A parody of "California Gurls" was made by comedy rapper Rucka Rucka Ali, called "I Love Minorities".

Track listings

Digital download[57]
  1. "California Gurls" (featuring Snoop Dogg)  – 3:56
CD single[58]
  1. "California Gurls" (featuring Snoop Dogg)  – 3:56
  2. "Hot n Cold" (Yelle Remix) – 4:07
US digital remix EP[59]
  1. "California Gurls" (Armand Van Helden Remix)  – 5:48
  2. "California Gurls" (Innerpartysystem Main Mix)  – 4:27
  3. "California Gurls" (Manhattan Clique Long Beach Mix)  – 7:00
UK digital remix EP[60]
  1. "California Gurls" (MSTRKRFT Main Mix)  – 3:59
  2. "California Gurls" (Innerpartysystem Main Mix)   – 4:27
  3. "California Gurls" (Manhattan Clique Long Beach Mix)   – 7:00
Digital Download Single
  1. "California Gurls" (Feat. Snoop Dogg) [Passion Pit Main Mix] - 4:11
Digital Download Single
  1. "California Gurls" (Feat. Snoop Dogg) [MSTRKRFT Main Mix] - 4:00
Non-Album Single
  1. "California Gurls" (Feat. Snoop Dogg) [Gretina Club Mix] - 4:09

Charts and certifications

Chart precession and succession

Preceded by
"Baby" by Justin Bieber
Brazil Pop Songs number-one single
July 31 – August 7, 2010
Succeeded by
"Alejandro" by Lady Gaga
Preceded by
"Not Afraid" by Eminem
Billboard Hot 100 number-one single
June 19, – July 24, 2010
Succeeded by
"Love the Way You Lie" by Eminem (featuring Rihanna)
Preceded by
"Shout" by Shout for England (featuring Dizzee Rascal and James Corden)
UK Singles Chart number-one single
June 27, – July 10, 2010
Succeeded by
"The Club Is Alive" by JLS
Preceded by
"Alejandro" by Lady Gaga
Polish Music Charts number-one single
July 17–23, 2010
Succeeded by
"Can't Fight This Feeling" by Junior Caldera (featuring Sophie Ellis-Bextor)

Release history

Country Date Format
Worldwide May 7, 2010[4][132] Radio Premiere
Worldwide May 11, 2010[133][134] Digital download
United States May 25, 2010[135] Top 40/Mainstream and Rhythmic radio
Germany June 11, 2010[136] CD single
United Kingdom June 20, 2010[137] Digital Download
June 21, 2010[138] CD single, 7"
Worldwide July 16, 2010[139] Digital Remixes EP

See also

References

External links

  • Official music video YouTube

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