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Gustav Poel

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Subject: German submarine U-413, Harland and Wolff, Denys Rayner, Werner Hartmann, Veterans of the Spanish Civil War who died in 2009
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Gustav Poel

Gustav Poel
Born (1917-08-02)2 August 1917
Died 16 January 2009(2009-01-16) (aged 91)
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1933–1945
Rank Kapitänleutnant
Commands held U-413
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Gustav Poel (2 August 1917 – 16 January 2009) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. On 20 February 1944 U-413 under the command of Poel sank the HMS Warwick.

Summary of career

Ships attacked

As a U-boat commander of U-413 Gustav Poel is credited with the sinking of four ships for a total of 34,525 gross register tons (GRT) and sinking one warship of 1,100 metric tons (1,100 long tons; 1,200 short tons).

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
14 November 1942 Warwick Castle  United Kingdom 20,107 Sunk
22 January 1943 Mount Mycale  Greece 3,556 Sunk
5 February 1943 West Portal  United States 5,376 Sunk
21 April 1943 Wanstead  United Kingdom 5,486 Sunk
20 February 1944 HMS Warwick  United Kingdom 1,100 Sunk



  • Busch, Rainer & Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939-1945 - Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 3-8132-0515-0.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945 (in German). Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
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