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Languages of Iberia

Iberian languages is a generic term for the languages currently or formerly spoken in the Iberian Peninsula.


  • Historic languages 1
    • Pre-Roman languages 1.1
    • Medieval languages 1.2
  • Modern languages 2
    • By linguistic group 2.1
    • By country 2.2
      • Usage of co-official languages in Spain 2.2.1
  • See also 3
  • External links 4
  • References 5

Historic languages

Pre-Roman languages

Pre-Roman languages of Iberia circa 300 BC

The following languages were spoken in the Iberian Peninsula before the Roman occupation and the spread of the Latin language.

Medieval languages

The following languages were spoken in the Iberian Peninsula in medieval times, following the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

Modern languages

The following indigenous languages are currently spoken in the Iberian Peninsula.

By linguistic group

Languages of the Iberian Peninsula (simplified).

By country

Usage of co-official languages in Spain

Map of co-official languages in Spain
Speakers of official languages in the Spanish autonomous communities
(as a % of each region's population)
Autonomous community Co-official languages Co-official language speakers
Balearic Islands (2011)[4] Catalan 71.5%
Basque Country (2011)[5] Basque 32.0%
Catalonia (2011)[4] Catalan 80.9%
Galicia (2004)[6] Galician 83.2%
Navarre (2011)[5] Basque 11.7%
Valencian Community (2011)[4] Valencian (Catalan) 58.4%
Asturias[7] Asturian language 42.0%

See also

External links

  • Detailed map of the Pre-Roman Peoples of Iberia (around 200 BC)
  • Detailed linguistic map of the Iberian Peninsula
  • Swadesh lists of Iberian languages basic words (from Wiktionary's Swadesh list appendix)


  1. ^ Launch of British Sign Language in Gibraltar.
  2. ^ Act 1/1998, March 23 of Principality of Asturias)
  3. ^ Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, article 6th and Act 35/2010, October 1st of Parliament of Catalonia
  4. ^ a b c "Informe sobre la situació de la llengua catalana" (PDF). Observatori de la llengua catalana. 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "V. Inkesta Soziolinguistikoa". Hizkuntza Politikarako Sailburuordetza. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Mapa Sociolingüístico de Galicia 2004 Vol 1" (PDF). Real Academia Galega. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "Sociollingüística". Espaciu y Tiempu de la llingua asturiana. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
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