World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mauthausen

Article Id: WHEBN0000063027
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mauthausen  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Eleonore Poelsleitner, Dmitry Karbyshev, Helga Hošková-Weissová, Domus (magazine), Aribert Heim
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mauthausen

Mauthausen
Coat of arms of Mauthausen
Coat of arms
Mauthausen is located in Austria
Mauthausen
Mauthausen
Location within Austria
Coordinates:
Country Austria
State Upper Austria
District Perg
Government
 • Mayor Thomas Punkenhofer (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 14 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation 265 m (869 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 4,913
 • Density 350/km2 (910/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 4310
Area code 07238
Vehicle registration PE
Website www.mauthausen.at

Mauthausen is a small market town in the Austrian state of Upper Austria. It is located at about 20 kilometres east of the city of Linz.

During World War II, it became the site of the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp complex.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Population 2
    • Tourism 2.1
  • References 3

History

The area of Mauthausen has been settled for many millennia, as shown by archaeological discoveries dating back to the Neolithic age. During the time of the Roman Empire, it was at the crossroads of two trade routes.

At the end of the 10th century it became a toll (Maut in German) station for ships, and the name "Muthusen" for the settlement is first mentioned in 1007

During World War I, a prisoner of war camp existed to the east of Mauthausen.[2] Italians, Serbs and Russians (at times 40,000 men) soldiers were imprisoned there, around 10,000 of whom died in the camp, mostly Italians, actually half. A war cemetery exists in their memory. The prison had especially guards from Hungary and Romania who were known for their barbar tortures of the soldiers.

During World War II, from 1938 to 1945, one of the first massive concentration camp complexes in Nazi Germany was set up to the west of the town. In early 1940, a large number of Poles were transferred to the Mauthausen-Gusen complex. An estimated 30,000 Poles died at Mauthausen-Gusen. Inmates were subjected to barbaric conditions, the most infamous of which was being forced to carry heavy stone blocks up 186 steps from the camp quarry. The steps became known as the "Stairway of Death."

Mauthausen experienced flooding from the Danube in 1954 and 2002.

Population

Tourism

Places of interest include:

References

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2014-01-01.
  2. ^ Mauthausen is listed among Austro-Hungarian POW camps in Beiblatt Nr.13 zum Verordnungsblatt für das k.u.k. Heer from Spring 1916, see English language translation.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.