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36th Canadian Parliament

36th Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
September 22, 1997 (1997-09-22) – October 22, 2000 (2000-10-22)
Parliament leaders
Rt. Hon. Jean Chrétien
(26th Canadian Ministry)
November 4, 1993 (1993-11-04) – December 12, 2003 (2003-12-12)
Leader of the
Hon. Preston Manning
1997 (1997) – March 26, 2000 (2000-03-26)
Hon. Deborah Grey (interim)
March 27, 2000 (2000-03-27) – September 10, 2000 (2000-09-10)
Hon. Stockwell Day
September 11, 2000 (2000-09-11) – December 11, 2001 (2001-12-11)
Party caucuses
Government Liberal Party
Opposition Reform Party*
Third parties Bloc Québécois
New Democratic Party
Progressive Conservative Party
* Changed its name to Canadian Alliance partway through the Parliament.
House of Commons

Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Hon. Gilbert Parent
January 17, 1994 (1994-01-17) – January 28, 2001
House Leader
Hon. Don Boudria
June 11, 1997 (1997-06-11) – January 14, 2002 (2002-01-14)
House Leader
Hon. Randy White
June 20, 1997 (1997-06-20) – January 30, 2000 (2000-01-30)
Hon. Chuck Strahl
February 1, 2000 (2000-02-01) – April 24, 2001 (2001-04-24)
Members 301 MP seats
List of members
Speaker of the
Hon. Gildas Molgat
November 22, 1994 (1994-11-22) – January 25, 2001 (2001-01-25)
Senate Leader
Hon. Alasdair Graham
June 11, 1997 (1997-06-11) – October 3, 1999 (1999-10-03)
Hon. Bernie Boudreau
October 4, 1999 (1999-10-04) – October 26, 2000 (2000-10-26)
Senate Leader
Hon. John Lynch-Staunton
December 15, 1993 (1993-12-15) – September 30, 2004 (2004-09-30)
Senators 104 senator seats
List of senators
1st Session
September 22, 1997 (1997-09-22) – September 18, 1999 (1999-09-18)
2nd Session
October 12, 1999 (1999-10-12) – October 22, 2000 (2000-10-22)
<35th 37th>
Jean Chrétien was Prime Minister during the 36th Canadian Parliament.

The 36th Canadian Parliament was in session from September 22, 1997 until October 22, 2000. The membership was set by the 1997 federal election on June 2, 1997, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 2000 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and the 26th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was first the Reform Party, led by Preston Manning, and then its successor party, the Canadian Alliance led by interim leader Deborah Grey.

The Speaker was Gilbert Parent. See also list of Canadian electoral districts 1996-2003 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

For the first time in Canadian history, five different parties held official party status. Although five major parties ran for the 35th Parliament, the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and the New Democratic Party both failed to win official party status in that parliament.

There were two sessions of the 36th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st September 22, 1997 September 18, 1999
2nd October 12, 1999 October 22, 2000


  • Party standings 1
  • Members of the House of Commons 2
  • By-elections 3
  • References 4
  • Succession 5

Party standings

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The party standings as of the election and as of dissolution were as follows:

Affiliation House Members Senate Members
1997 Election
At Dissolution On Election
Day 1997[1]
At Dissolution
     Liberal Party of Canada 155 161 51 56
Reform 60 N/A 0 N/A
  Bloc Québécois 44 44 0 0
     New Democratic Party 21 19 0 0
     Progressive Conservative Party of Canada 20 15 50 35
     Independent 1 4 3 5
Alliance N/A 58 N/A 1
Total members 301 301 104 97
Vacant 0 0 0 8
Total seats 301 104 105

Members of the House of Commons

For full lists of house members of the 36th Parliament of Canada, see List of House members of the 36th Parliament of Canada


By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Okanagan—Coquihalla September 11, 2000 Jim Hart      Canadian Alliance Stockwell Day      Canadian Alliance Resignation to provide a seat for Day Yes
Kings—Hants September 11, 2000 Scott Brison      Progressive Conservative Joe Clark      Progressive Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Clark Yes
St. John's West May 15, 2000 Charlie Power      Progressive Conservative Loyola Hearn      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
York West November 15, 1999 Sergio Marchi      Liberal Judy Sgro      Liberal Resignation Yes
Hull—Aylmer November 15, 1999 Marcel Massé      Liberal Marcel Proulx      Liberal Resignation Yes
Mount Royal November 15, 1999 Sheila Finestone      Liberal Irwin Cotler      Liberal Resignation Yes
Saskatoon—Rosetown—Biggar November 15, 1999 Chris Axworthy      New Democratic Party Dennis Gruending      New Democratic Party Resignation Yes
Windsor—St. Clair April 12, 1999 Shaughnessy Cohen      Liberal Rick Limoges      Liberal Death (cerebral hemorrhage) Yes
Sherbrooke September 14, 1998 Jean Charest      Progressive Conservative Serge Cardin      Bloc Québécois Resignation No
Port Moody—Coquitlam March 30, 1998 Sharon Hayes      Reform Lou Sekora      Liberal Resignation No


  1. ^ Members of the Canadian Senate are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister and remain as Senators until the age of 75, even if the House of Commons has been dissolved or an election has been called.
  • Government of Canada. "26th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  • Government of Canada. "36th Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  • Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "General Elections". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Key Dates for each Parliament". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Party Standings (1974 to date): At the Senate". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2007-04-24. 
  • Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Speakers". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 


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