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Bailey Hardeman

Bailey Hardeman
Born 1795
Died September 24, 1836(1836-09-24)
Caney Creek, Matagorda County, Texas
Citizenship U.S. and Republic of Texas
Occupation Politician
Years active 1812-1836
Known for Texas Declaration of Independence
Constitution of the Republic of Texas
Spouse(s) Rebecca Amanda Wilson
Children Sameul Wilson Hardeman
John Hardeman
Emeline Hardeman
Catherine Hardeman
Thomas Hardeman
Parents Thomas Hardeman
Mary Perkins

Bailey Hardeman (1795–1836) was the first Secretary of the Treasury for the Republic of Texas.


  • Family 1
  • Texas politics 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Bailey was a younger son of Thomas Hardeman and his first wife Mary Perkins. Both families were early settlers in Tidewater Virginia. Thomas Hardeman was a Revolutionary War soldier and served for years as a representative from Davidson County both when it was the Territory South of the River Ohio, North Carolina and Tennessee. Bailey served as a First Lieutenant in the War of 1812 from Tennessee, he was the first County Clerk for Hardeman County, Tennessee. Hardeman County was named for the brothers, Bailey and Thomas J. Hardeman. Both brothers were part of the first Republic of Texas Government.

On 20 Jan 1820 he married Rebecca Amanda Wilson in Williamson County, Tennessee. The couple had five children: Sameul Wilson Hardeman (1821); John Hardeman (1823); Emeline (1825); Catherine (1829) and Thomas (1831). Of all the children only Samuel Wilson Hardeman would live to adulthood and have children.

Texas politics

Bailey, like several of his brothers and brother-in-laws, had various financial interests included trade into Mexico. The interest in trade with Mexico may have prompted his move to the Tejas area in 1835. Bailey and his small family settled in Matagorda County. It was almost natural for him to fall into a leadership roll in the local politics given his experience in Tennessee. On 28 Nov 1835 General Council of the Provisional Government of Texas elected him one of the commissioners to organize the militia for Matagorda Municipality.

Upon his arrival at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 1, 1836, he was appointed to a twenty-one-member committee to draw up a constitution for the Republic of Texas. The resulting Constitution was approved in mid-March. The delegates elected him secretary of the treasury.

On 27 Mar 1836 he and Lorenzo de Zavala were appointed commissioners to accompany Santa Anna to Vera Cruz to negotiate a peace treaty.

Bailey Hardeman was one of the committee of five elected to draft a Declaration of Independence from Mexico on 2 May 1836. He was also one of the fifty-nine signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence.

Bailey died of fever at Caney Creek, Matagorda County, Texas on 24 September 24, 1836. His obituary was printed in the Telegraph and Texas Register and also the Nashville Republican.[1]

Hardeman County, Texas is named in honor of him and his brother, Thomas Jones Hardeman.


  1. ^ Handbook of Texas Online - HARDEMAN, BAILEY

External links

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