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Container radar

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Title: Container radar  
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Container radar

29B6 Container
Country of origin Russia
Introduced 2 December 2013
Number built 1 operational in 2014, others planned
Type Over-the-horizon radar
Frequency 3-30 MHz (HF) [1]
PRF 50 pulse/s[2]
Range Around 3,000 kilometres (1,864 mi) [3]
Other Names 29B6

Container (29B6) radar (Russian: 29Б6 «Контейнер») is the new generation of Russian over-the-horizon radar, providing long distance airspace monitoring and ballistic missile detection. The first radar, near Kovylkino, Mordovia, Russia, became operational in December 2013.[1][3][4] Another Container radar is under construction in far east of Russia. Construction planned to be finished in 2018.[5]

Description

Radar is capable to monitor airspace up to 100 km altitude and has range of 3000 km. Radar was developed by NPK NIIDAR, which is also a developer of Voronezh-DM radar. Chief designer was Valentin Strelkin.[1] The price of the system was 10 billion rubles.[6]

Radar system consists of two separate antennas: transmitter and receiver. Receiver antenna array contains 144 antenna masts, each 34 m height. Array has three sections: the inner section is 900 m width with 7 m spacing between masts, and two outer sections are each 200 m width with 14 m spacing between masts. Total array width is 1300 m.[1] Transmitter antenna array has 36 varying configuration masts and is 440 m width.[7]

Radar signals were detected by some amateur radio operators in 9.2-19.745 MHz frequency band. Pulse repetition rate is 50 pulse per second, bandwidth about 14 kHz, frequency modulation on pulse (FMOP) is used.[2][8] The received signal has a sound similar to the nicknamed Russian woodpecker, a Soviet early warning system radar Duga-3 operated from 1976 to 1989.

Location

The receiving antennas are located 8 km south-west from Kovylkino, Mordovia, Russia . The transmitters antennas are located 300 km from receiver, 5 km north from Gorodets town, Nizhegorodskaya oblast', Russia . The system is aligned on bearing of 240 degrees to monitor airspace west of Russia.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "29B6 Container" (in Russian). Retrieved on 17 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b "29B6: Russian FMOP OTH Radar "Kontainer"", 9 February 2015. Retrieved on 17 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b "В Войсках ВКО впервые заступила на опытно-боевое дежурство РЛС загоризонтного обнаружения «Контейнер»" (in Russian), 2 December 2013. Retrieved on 17 February 2015.
  4. ^ "New OTH radar started operation in Volga region" (TV footage in Russian), 3 December 2013. Retrieved on 17 February 2015.
  5. ^ "Over-the-horizon radar (OTH-Radar) 29B6 Container" (in Russian). Retrieved on 17 February 2015.
  6. ^ "29B6 Container" (in Russian). Retrieved on 17 February 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Russia activates new long-range radar", 23 December 2013. Retrieved on 17 February 2015.
  8. ^ "29B6 OTH Radar Sounder". Retrieved on 17 February 2015.
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