World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Duruwa language

Article Id: WHEBN0025766595
Reproduction Date:

Title: Duruwa language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dravidian languages, Bazigar language, Kolami language, Madiya language, Kaikadi language
Collection: Agglutinative Languages, Dravidian Languages, Endangered Indian Languages, Languages of India
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Duruwa language

Native to India
Native speakers
51,000  (2001)[1]
Devanagari script, Oriya script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 pci
Glottolog duru1236[2]

Duruwa (Devanagari: दुरुवा) or Parji is a Central Dravidian language spoken by the Dhurwa tribe, a scheduled tribe people of India, in the districts of Koraput and Bastar in Chhattisgarh state. The language is related to Ollari and Kolami, which is also spoken by other neighbouring tribes.


  • Classification 1
  • Phonology 2
  • Dialects 3
  • References 4


Duruwa is a member of the Central Dravidian languages.[3][4] Duruwa is a spoken language and is generally not written. Whenever it is written, it makes use of the Devanagari script in Bastar district and Oriya script in Koraput district.


Labial Dental Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t ʈ c k
voiced b d ɖ ɟ ɡ
Fricative (s) (h)
Nasal m n ɳ ɲ ŋ
Approximant central ʋ j
lateral l
Tap ɾ ɽ


There are four dialects: Tiriya, Nethanar, Dharba, and Kukanar. They are mutually intelligible.


  1. ^ Duruwa at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Duruwa". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Fairservis, Walter Ashlin (1997). The Harappan Civilization and Its Writing: A Model for the Decipherment of the Indus Script. Asian Studies. Brill Academic Publishers. p. 78.  
  4. ^ Stassen, Leon (1997). Intransitive Predication. Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory.  
  5. ^ Krishnamurti, Bhadriraju (2003). The Dravidian languages (null ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 57.  

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.