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Elmbridge

Borough of Elmbridge
Non-metropolitan district
Elmbridge shown within Surrey
Elmbridge shown within Surrey
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Non-metropolitan county Surrey
Status Non-metropolitan district
Admin HQ Esher
Incorporated 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type Non-metropolitan district council
 • Body Elmbridge Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Liberal Democrat (council NOC))
 • MPs Philip Hammond
Dominic Raab
Area
 • Total 37.2 sq mi (96.3 km2)
Area rank 285th (of 326)
Population (mid-2014 est.)
 • Total 63,176
 • Rank 309th (of 326)
 • Density 1,700/sq mi (660/km2)
 • Ethnicity 94.0% White
2.3% S.Asian
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
ONS code 43UB (ONS)
E07000207 (GSS)
OS grid reference
Website .uk.gov.elmbridgewww

Elmbridge is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England. Its principal towns are Esher, Walton on Thames and Weybridge.

Contents

  • History of Local Authority and Politics 1
  • Elevations, Landscape and Wildlife 2
  • Settlements within the Borough 3
  • Famous Residents and Affluence 4
  • Transport 5
  • Economy 6
  • Twinning 7
  • Notes and References 8
  • External links 9

History of Local Authority and Politics

The borough shares a long boundary with Greater London—the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames to the north and the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames to the east. Running anticlockwise from the northwest, Elmbridge borders the Surrey boroughs of Spelthorne, Runnymede, Woking, Guildford and Mole Valley. Elmbridge is almost entirely within the bounds of the M25 motorway. There is only one civil parish, Claygate,[1] while the remainder of the area has two rather than three tiers of local government. Responsibility for some designated services is with Surrey County Council, such as social services and transport.

In common with the nearby Surrey boroughs of [3]

Elmbridge is named after the Elmbridge hundred, which appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Amelebrige.[6] The district was formed on 1 April 1974 following the Local Government Act 1972. The name thus derives from the river Amele or Emley (now known as the River Mole) rather than Elm trees.[7]

Prior to 1974, the borough was split between the Esher Urban District, whose council had existed since 1933, and the Walton and Weybridge Urban District. The council's arms were created upon the formation of the present day district, being formed out of symbols taken from the local towns and villages with the Latin motto meaning until the rivers cease.[8] Its headquarters in Esher, the Civic Centre, opened in 1991.[8]

After elections (held on a one third up-for-election basis in three out of four years) on 3 May 2012, there are 33 Conservative councillors, 20 Residents' Group councillors, 6 Liberal Democrats and two Hinchley Wood Residents' Association councillors.[9]

Elevations, Landscape and Wildlife

The northern third of the borough is flatter and fertile with free draining slightly acid loamy soil, similar to the south, as described in the Metropolitan Green Belt.

The central band of forest/heath includes part of the Wisley and Ockham Commons reserve within the national wildlife trust scheme: see Surrey Wildlife Trust, several pine heath based golf courses and in the north there are reservoirs, on the side of which there is sheep grazing.

Watercourses

The Mole, passing the Grade I Church in Stoke D'Abernon,[11] Cobham Mill at Grade II[12] and Painshill Park and the Wey, passing Silvermere Golf Course and the Brooklands circuit, hotel and retail park, cut through the borough from south to north reaching the River Thames which denotes the northern border, stretching from Weybridge to Thames Ditton apart from inclusion of inhabited islands such as Wheatley's Ait[n 2]. The Wey and Mole have sources beyond gentle valleys which cut through the high North Downs to the south.

Settlements within the Borough

From East to West:
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