World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Federal Territories (Malaysia)

Article Id: WHEBN0000425080
Reproduction Date:

Title: Federal Territories (Malaysia)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Labuan, States and Federal Territories of Malaysia, Malaysia, Vehicle registration plates of Malaysia, Putrajaya
Collection: Federal Territories in Malaysia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Federal Territories (Malaysia)

States and Territories of Malaysia
Wilayah Persekutuan
Federal Territories
Flag of States and Territories of Malaysia
Location of States and Territories of Malaysia
Constituent Kuala Lumpur
Made into Federal Territory Kuala Lumpur: 1 February 1974
Labuan: 16 April 1984
Putrajaya: 1 February 2001
Consolidated under the Ministry 27 March 2004
 • Minister Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor
 • Total 381.65 km2 (147.36 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 1,602,388
 • Density 4,198.6/km2 (10,874/sq mi)
National postal code Kuala Lumpur
50xxx to 60xxx
Area code(s) 03a
State motto Maju dan Sejahtera
State anthem Wilayah Persekutuan Maju dan Sejahtera
Administered by Ministry of the Federal Territories and Urban Well-being
License plate W1
a Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya
b Labuan
1 Kuala Lumpur
2 Labuan
3 Putrajaya

The Federal Territories in Malaysia comprise three territories: Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya and Labuan, governed directly by the federal government of Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital of Malaysia, Putrajaya is the administrative capital, and Labuan is an offshore international financial centre. Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya are enclaves in the state of Selangor, while Labuan is an island off the coast of Sabah.


  • Administrations 1
  • History 2
  • Flag and anthem 3
  • Sport associations in the Federal Territories 4
    • Kuala Lumpur 4.1
    • Labuan 4.2
    • Putrajaya 4.3
    • Others 4.4
  • Sport complexes in the Federal Territories 5
    • Kuala Lumpur 5.1
    • Labuan 5.2
  • Holidays 6
    • Kuala Lumpur 6.1
    • Labuan 6.2
    • Putrajaya 6.3
  • External links 7


The territories fall under the jurisdiction of the Ministry for the Federal Territories, which was formed under Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi's administration on March 27, 2006. The first Minister for the Federal Territories was Mohd. Isa Abdul Samad. Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor has been the minister since May 2013.


The federal territories were originally part of two states - Selangor and Sabah. Both Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya were part of Selangor, while Labuan was part of Sabah.

Kuala Lumpur , the state capital of Selangor, became the national capital of the Federation of Malaya (and later Malaysia) in 1948. Since independence in 1957, the federal as well as the Selangor state ruling party had been the Alliance (later the Barisan Nasional). However, in the 1969 elections the Alliance, while retaining control of the federal government, lost its majority in Selangor to the opposition. The same election also resulted in a major race riot in Kuala Lumpur.

It was realised that if Kuala Lumpur remained part of Selangor, clashes between the federal and the Selangor state government might arise when they are controlled by different parties. The solution was to separate Kuala Lumpur from the state and place it under direct federal rule. On February 1, 1974, Kuala Lumpur became the first federal territory of Malaysia. The Sultan of Selangor, Sultan Salahuddin cried after signing the cession agreement as he was very fond and proud of the city.

The cession of Kuala Lumpur had the effect of securing the Selangor state government for the Barisan Nasional until the 2008 general election. The separation of Kuala Lumpur meant that Kuala Lumpur voters, who tend to vote for the opposition, lost representation in the Selangor State Legislative Assembly and could only vote for representation in the Parliament of Malaysia.

Labuan, an island off coast of mainland Sabah, was chosen by the federal government for development into an offshore financial centre. Labuan became the second federal territory in 1984.

Putrajaya is a planned city, designed to replace Kuala Lumpur as the seat of the federal government. Sultan Salahuddin of Selangor was asked again to cede land to the federal government. Putrajaya became the third federal territory on February 1, 2001.

In the recent years, efforts were made to forge a common identity for the three federal territories. A flag of Federal Territory was introduced to represent the federal territories as a whole. During the 2006 Sukma Games in Kedah, Kuala Lumpur, Labuan and Putrajaya merged into the unified contingent of Federal Territories.

Flag and anthem

The official anthem of the territories is "Maju dan Sejahtera", which means "Progress and Prosperity".

Apart from the flag of Federal Territories, each federal territory has its own flag.

Sport associations in the Federal Territories

Kuala Lumpur




Sport complexes in the Federal Territories

Kuala Lumpur



Kuala Lumpur

  • Federal Territories Day


  • Federal Territories Day
  • Pesta Keamatan


  • Federal Territories Day

External links

  • Malaysian Ministry of Federal Territories

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.