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Grand Prince of the Hungarians

 

Grand Prince of the Hungarians

Grand Prince (Hungarian: Nagyfejedelem) was the title used by contemporary sources to name the leader of the federation of the Hungarian tribes in the tenth century.[1]

The Grand Prince (Nagyfejedelem) was probably elected by the leaders of the federation of the seven Hungarian tribes, and, the three Kabar tribes (dissident Khazar tribes) that joined the Hungarians before 830. However, the first Grand Prince, Álmos, father of Árpád, was more likely appointed by the Khagan of the Khazars. It is still under discussion whether the Grand Prince was the spiritual leader of the federation (kende), the military commander of the Hungarian tribes (gyula), or, the title was a new creation.

When the Hungarians were pushed out of Etelköz and moved to the Carpathian Basin (Honfoglalás), the Grand Prince's power seemed to be decreasing. By the time of Géza, Transylvania had been ruled by a (semi-)independent leader (gyula). Stephen (Vajk) had to conquer not only the territories of the gyula, but also the lands of Ahtum (Ajtony) and the Black Magyars.

The title disappeared by the coronation of Stephen I (Vajk) on 25 December 1000 or 1 January 1001.

Contents

  • Grand Princes of the Hungarians 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Sources 4

Grand Princes of the Hungarians

  • Álmos (c. 820 - c. 850)
  • Árpád (c. 850– c. 907)
  • Solt (c. 907 – c. 948)
  • Fajsz (c. 948)
  • Taksony (c. 955 – c. 973)
  • Géza (c. 973 – 997)
  • Stephen / Vajk (997 – 1000, became the first king of the Hungarians)

We do not know exactly how many grand princes of Hungary ruled between the supposed death date of Fajsz from the Hungarian chronicles was the fact that he was not son of Solt, but of Jutocsa, and without the help of De Administrando Imperio, we would not know anything about his existence. The De Administrando Imperio preserved the name of Fajsz as the Grand Prince of the Hungarians, because it was written during his reign. But about the names of the other grand princes, who were not from the branch of Solt, who probably ruled before and after him, we do not know nothing.

See also

References

  1. ^ Kōnstantinos Porhyrogennētos mentioned Árpád in his book De Administrando Imperio as megas Turkias arkhon, while Bruno of Querfurt referred to Géza in his Sancti Adalberti Pragensis episcopi et martyris vita altera as Ungarorum senior magnus.
  2. ^ a b Szabados György: Magyar államalapítások a IX-XI. században; Szegedi Középkori Könyvtár, Szeged, 2011, p. 244

Sources

  • Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon (9-14. század), főszerkesztő: Kristó, Gyula, szerkesztők: Engel, Pál és Makk, Ferenc (Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 1994)
  • Kristó, Gyula: A Kárpát-medence és a magyarság régmúltja (1301-ig) (Szegedi Középkortörténeti Könyvtár, Szeged, 1993)
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