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Laghuu language

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Title: Laghuu language  
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Subject: Nisoish languages, Loloish languages, Affricate consonant, Roglai language, Gokhy language
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Laghuu language

Native to Vietnam
Native speakers
300 (2002)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lgh
Glottolog lagh1245[2]

Laghuu (Vietnamese: Xá Phó, Phù Lá Lão) is a Loloish language spoken in northwestern Vietnam.[3] In Nậm Sài, Sa Pa District, the speakers' autonym is la˨˩ɣɯ˦, while in Sơn La Province it is la˨˩ɔ˦ (Edmondson 1999). The people are also called the Phù Lá Lão by the Vietnamese.

Edmondson considers Laghuu to be related to but not part of the Yi language complex of China. Jamin Pelkey (2011) considers Laghuu to be a Southeastern Loloish language.


Laghuu is spoken in the following locations by a total of about 1,000 people (Edmondson 1999 & 2002).

The Vietnam, Laghuu speakers are officially classified as part of the Phù Lá ethnic group. Some Laghuu are known as "Black Phu La," and others as "Flowery Phu La."



Laghuu has the following consonants.[4]
Labial Alveolar Post-
Velar Glottal
central lateral central lateral
Plosive and
aspirated tʃʰ kʟ̝̊ʰ (kʰ)
tenuis p t k kʟ̝̊ (k) ʔ
voiced b d ɡ ɡʟ̝
prenasalized ᵐb ⁿd ᵑɡ ᵑɡʟ̝
Fricative voiceless f s ʃ x h
voiced v z ʒ ɣ
Nasal m n ŋ
Approximant l


Laghuu has the following vowels.[4]
front central back
High i ɚ ɯ u
Hi-mid ə o
Lo-mid ɛ ɔ
Low a


Laghu has five tones: high /˥/, high-mid /˦/, low-mid /˧/, low-rising /˨˦/, and low-falling /˨˩/.[4]


  1. ^ Laghuu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^
  3. ^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
  4. ^ a b c Edmondson & Ziwo 1999.


  • Edmondson, J. A., & Ziwo, L. (1999). "Laghuu or Xá Phó, A New Language of the Yi Group," Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 22/1:1-10.
  • Edmondson, Jerold A. (2002). "The Central and Southern Loloish Languages of Vietnam". Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society: Special Session on Tibeto-Burman and Southeast Asian Linguistics (2002), pp. 1–13.
  • Nguyễn Văn Huy (1975). "Bước đầu tim hiểu mới quan hệ tộc người giữa hai nhóm Phù Lá và Xá Phó". In, Ủy ban khoa học xã hội Việt Nam: Viện dân tộc học. Về vấn đề xác định thánh phần các dân tộc thiểu số ở miền bắc Việt Nam, 415-428. Hà Nội: Nhà xuất bản khoa học xã hội.
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