World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Matanzas Bay

Article Id: WHEBN0028098376
Reproduction Date:

Title: Matanzas Bay  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Siege of St. Augustine (1702), St. Augustine, Florida, Anastasia State Park, St. Francis Barracks, San Sebastian
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Matanzas Bay

View of the Matanzas Bay from the Castillo de San Marcos
United States Topographical Map of St. Augustine, Florida

Matanzas Bay is a saltwater bay in St. Johns County, Florida, the entrance to the bay from the South Atlantic is via St. Augustine inlet. Bodies of water that connect to the bay in addition to the South Atlantic are clockwise from the inlet;

  • Salt Run: an inlet of Anastasia Island creating a peninsula of the eastern portion of Anastasia State Park.
  • Matanzas River: a tidal channel; part of the Intracoastal Waterway which flows in an easterly direction then south for approximately 15 miles, separating Anastasia Island from the mainland. Another tidal channel the San Sebastian River flows westerly from the Matanzas River creating a peninsula of the original Spanish era section of St. Augustine.
  • Hospital Creek: tidal channel flowing north from confluence of Matanzas Bay and North River. Creek in which Pedro Menéndez de Avilés sailed into and initially established St. Augustine on its mainland shore.
  • Tolomato River (also known locally and historically in the British period as the North River): tidal channel flowing north[1]
  • Municipalities: St. Augustine, Florida and Vilano Beach.
  • Tides: The average fall of the tides in Matanzas Bay is 4.5 feet between high and low tide.
  • Bridges: State road A1A crosses the bay via the Bridge of lions which connects the mainland portion of St. Augustine with the portion of the city located on Anastasia Island.
  • Wetlands: A large portion of the tidal wetlands directly fronting the bay have been obliterated due to construction of the seawall in the old quarter of St. Augustine and the construction of Davis Shores a residential development created on reclaimed land on Anastasia Island and a subsequent seawall. The portions of the Intracoastal Waterway connected to Matanzas Bay have wetlands of varying amounts and degrees of natural state.
  • Parks: Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, Spanish era fort completed in 1675 and Anastasia State Park.


  1. ^ Inside route pilot By U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, Leon Archie Potter, Herbert Cornelius Graves p. 70

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.