World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Okayama Prefecture

Article Id: WHEBN0000183098
Reproduction Date:

Title: Okayama Prefecture  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mimasaka, Okayama, Aba, Okayama, Honshi-Bisan Line, Kibi Line, Setouchi, Okayama
Collection: Chūgoku Region, Okayama Prefecture, Prefectures of Japan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Okayama Prefecture

Okayama Prefecture
岡山県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 岡山県
 • Rōmaji Okayama-ken
Official logo of Okayama Prefecture
Symbol of Okayama Prefecture
Location of Okayama Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Chūgoku (Sanyō)
Island Honshu
Capital Okayama
Government
 • Governor Ryūta Ibaragi
Area
 • Total 7,113.21 km2 (2,746.43 sq mi)
Area rank 15th
Population (May 1, 2015)
 • Total 1,920,654
 • Rank 21st
 • Density 270/km2 (700/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-33
Districts 10
Municipalities 27
Flower Peach blossom (Prunus persica var. vulgaris)
Tree Red pine (Pinus densiflora)
Bird Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
Website .jp.okayama.prefwww

Okayama Prefecture (岡山県 Okayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on the main island of Honshu.[1] The capital is the city of Okayama.[2][3][4]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Cities 2.1
    • Towns and villages 2.2
    • Mergers 2.3
  • Universities in Okayama Prefecture 3
  • Transportation 4
    • Rail 4.1
    • Tramways 4.2
    • Roads 4.3
      • Expressways 4.3.1
      • National highways 4.3.2
    • Airport 4.4
  • Culture 5
    • Association with Momotarō legend 5.1
  • Sports 6
    • Football 6.1
    • Volleyball 6.2
  • Tourism 7
  • Notable people from Okayama Prefecture 8
  • Notes 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

Prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between Bitchū, Bizen and Mimasaka Provinces. Okayama Prefecture was formed and named in 1871 as part of the large-scale administrative reforms of the early Meiji period (1868–1912), and the borders of the prefecture were set in 1876.[3][5]

Geography

Map of Okayama Prefecture

Okayama Prefecture borders Hyōgo Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture, and Hiroshima Prefecture.[3] It faces Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea and includes 90 islands in the sea.

Okayama Prefecture is home to the historic town of Kurashiki. Most of the population is concentrated around Kurashiki and Okayama. The small villages in the northern mountain region are aging and declining in population - more than half of the prefectures municipalities are officially designated as depopulated.[6]

As of 1 April 2014, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Setonaikai National Parks; the Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[7]

Cities

Fifteen cities are located in Okayama Prefecture:

Okayama City
Tsuyama
Takahashi
Niimi

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Universities in Okayama Prefecture

Transportation

Rail

Tramways

Roads

Expressways

National highways

Airport

Culture

  • Bizen-yaki (Bizen pottery)
  • Bizen Osafune/Bitchu Aoe swords

Association with Momotarō legend

Okayama Prefecture is closely associated with the folklore hero, Momotarō. This tale is said to have roots in the legendary story of Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto and Ura which explains that the Prince Ura of Kudara used to live in Kinojo (castle of the devil) and was a cause of trouble for the people living in the village. The emperor's government sent Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto(Momotarō) to defeat Ura. The city of Okayama holds an annual Momotarō-matsuri, or Momotarō Festival.[4][8]

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Okayama.

Football

Volleyball

Tourism

Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle
Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa
Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen

Some tourist attractions are:

Notable people from Okayama Prefecture

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Okayama-ken" in , p. 745Japan Encyclopedia, p. 745, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127, p. 127, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Okayama" at p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books.
  3. ^ a b c "Okayama Prefecture". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012.  
  4. ^ a b "岡山(県)" [Okayama Prefecture]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012.  
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Okayama official website accessed Nov. 2007
  7. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF).  
  8. ^ "Okayama History". Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  9. ^ "Shin Koyamada's IMDB Biography". 
  10. ^ "Yuko Arimori's profile". 
  11. ^ "Masashi Kishimoto's Biography on TV.com". 

References

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128.

External links

  • Official website
  • Official tourism site
  • Official account's channel on YouTube


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.