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Political party strength in Ohio


Political party strength in Ohio

The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Ohio:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes. Also indicated is the party that controlled the Ohio Apportionment Board, which draws legislative districts for the Ohio General Assembly in the years following the United States Census.

The parties are as follows:       Democratic (D),       Democratic-Republican (DR),       Federalist (F), no party (N),       National Republican (NR),       Republican (R),       Whig (W), and       a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials.

Year Executive offices State Legislature Supreme Court United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Attorney General Secretary of State Treasurer Auditor State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
1788 Arthur St. Clair (F)[1] [2] [3] Winthrop Sargent (F) [4]
1796 John Armstrong (F)
1799 William Henry Harrison (F)
1800 Charles Willing Byrd (DR)
1803 Edward Tiffin (DR)[5] William Creighton, Jr. (DR) William McFarland Thomas Gibson (DR) John Smith (DR) Thomas Worthington (DR) 1 DR
1804 George Clinton (DR)
1807 Thomas Kirker (DR)[6] Edward Tiffin (DR)
1808 Samuel H. Huntington (DR)[7] Jeremiah McLene (DR) Benjamin Hough (DR) Return J. Meigs, Jr. (DR) James Madison and George Clinton (DR)
1809 Stanley Griswold (DR)
1810 Return J. Meigs, Jr. (DR)[8] Alexander Campbell (NR)
1811 Thomas Worthington (DR)
1812 James Madison and Elbridge Gerry
1813 6 DR
1814 Othniel Looker (DR)[6] Jeremiah Morrow (DR)
Thomas Worthington (DR)
1815 Ralph Osborn (DR) Joseph Kerr (DR)
1816 Hiram M. Curry Benjamin Ruggles (NR) James Monroe and Daniel D. Tompkins
1818 Ethan Allen Brown (DR)[5]
1819 William A. Trimble (NR)
1820 Samuel Sullivan (DR)
1822 Allen Trimble (F)[6] Ethan Allen Brown (DR)
Jeremiah Morrow (DR)
1823 Henry Brown (DR) 10 NR, 2 J, 2 DR
1824 Henry Clay and Nathan Sanford
1825 William Henry Harrison (NR) 12 NR, 2 J
1826 Allen Trimble (NR)[9]
1827 12 NR, 2 J
1828 Jacob Burnet (NR) Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun
1829 8 J, 6 NR
1830 Duncan McArthur (NR)
1831 Moses H. Kirby (W) 8 NR, 6 J
1832 Robert Lucas (D) Thomas Ewing (NR) Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren
1833 John A. Bryan (D) Thomas Morris (D) 11 D, 6 NR, 2 AM
1835 Benjamin B. Hinkson (D) Joseph Whitehill 9 D, 9W, 1 AM
1836 Joseph Vance (W) Carter B. Harlan (D) William Henry Harrison and Francis Granger
1837 William Allen (D) 11 W, 8 D
1838 Wilson Shannon (D)
1839 John Brough (D) 11 D, 8 W
1840 Thomas Corwin (W) William Trevitt (D) Benjamin Tappan (D) William Henry Harrison and John Tyler
1841 John Sloane (W) 12 W, 7 D
1842 Wilson Shannon (D)[10]
1843 12 D, 9 W
1844 Thomas W. Bartley (D)[6] Samuel Galloway (W) Henry Clay and Theodore Frelinghuysen
Mordecai Bartley (W)
1845 John Woods (W) 3 D, 1 W 13 D, 8 W
1846 William Bebb (W)[11] Henry Stanbery (W) Thomas Corwin (W)
1847 Albert A. Bliss (W) 2 D, 2 W 11 W, 10 D
1848 Lewis Cass and William O. Butler
1849 Seabury Ford (W)[11] 11 D, 8 W, 2 FS
1850 Reuben Wood (D)[12] Henry W. King (FS) Thomas Ewing (W) Salmon P. Chase (FS)
1851 Joseph McCormick (D) 3D, 1W Benjamin Wade (R) 11 D, 9 W, 1 FS
1852 William Medill (D) George Ellis Pugh (D) William Trevitt (D) John G. Breslin (D) William Duane Morgan (D) D majority D majority 5D Franklin Pierce and William R. King
1853 William Medill (D)[13] James Myers (D) 12 D, 7 W, 2 FS
1854 George W. McCook (D) D majority D majority
1855 4D, 1R 21 A-Neb.
1856 Salmon P. Chase (R) Thomas H. Ford (R)[14] Francis D. Kimball (R) James H. Baker (R) William H. Gibson (R) Francis M. Wright (R) 29R, 6D 78R, 34D 3D, 2D George E. Pugh (D) John C. Fremont and William L. Dayton
1857 Christopher Wolcott (R) 4R, 1D 13R, 8D
1858 Martin Welker (R)[15] Addison P. Russell (R) Alfred P. Stone (R) 20D, 13R 62D, 44R, 1I
1859 5R 15R, 6D
1860 William Dennison (R) Robert C. Kirk (R) Robert W. Tayler (R) 25R, 10D 58R, 46D, 1I Salmon P. Chase (R) Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin
1861 James Murray (R) John Sherman (R) 13R, 8D
1862 David Tod (R) Benjamin Stanton (R) Benjamin R. Cowen (R) G. V. Dorsey (R) 26R, 8D 74R, 23D
1863 Lyman R. Critchfield (D) William W. Armstrong (D) Oviatt Cole (R) 4R, 1D 14D, 5R
1864 John Brough (R)[16] Charles Anderson (R) James H. Godman (R) 30R, 4D 76R, 21D Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson
1865 Charles Anderson (R)[17] vacant William P. Richardson (R) William H. Smith (R) William Hooper (R) 5R 17R, 2D
1866 Jacob Dolson Cox (R) Andrew McBurney (R) William H. West (R) S. S. Warner (R) 25R, 12D 71R, 34D
1867 16R, 3D
1868 Rutherford B. Hayes (R) John C. Lee (R) John Russell (R) 18D, 17R 56D, 49R Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax
1869 Isaac R. Sherwood (R) Allen G. Thurman (D) 13R, 6D
1870 Francis Bates Pond (R) 19R, 18D 57R, 54D
1871 14R, 5D
1872 Edward F. Noyes (R) Jacob Mueller (R) Isaac Welsh (R) James Williams (R) 18R, 18D[18] 57R, 48D Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson
1873 Allen T. Wikoff (R) 14R, 6D
1874 William Allen (D) Alphonso Hart (R) John Little (R) 22D, 14R 58D, 44R, 3I
1875 William Bell, Jr. (D) 3R, 2D 13D, 7R
1876 Rutherford B. Hayes (R)[19] Thomas L. Young (R) John M. Millikin (R) 20R, 17D 65R, 46D Rutherford B. Hayes and William Almon Wheeler
1877 Thomas L. Young (R)[17] H. W. Curtiss (R)[20] Milton Barnes (R) 4R, 1D Thomas S. Matthews (D) 12R, 8D
1878 Richard M. Bishop (D) Jabez W. Fitch (D) Isaiah Pillars (D) Anthony Howells (D) 25D, 10R 68D, 38R, 3G 3R, 2D
1879 George H. Pendleton (D) 11D, 9R
1880 Charles Foster (R) Andrew Hickenlooper (R) George K. Nash (R) Joseph Turney (R) John F. Oglevee (R) 23R, 14D 69R, 45D 4R, 1D James Garfield and Chester A. Arthur
1881 Charles Townsend (R) John Sherman (R) 15R, 5D
1882 Rees G. Richards (R) 22R, 11D 70R, 35D
1883 James W. Newman (D) 13D, 8R
1884 George Hoadly (D) John George Warwick (D) James Lawrence (D) Peter Brady (D) Emil Kiesewetter (D) 22D, 11R 60D, 45R 3D, 2R James G. Blaine and John A. Logan
1885 James Sidney Robinson (R) Henry B. Payne (D) 11D, 10R
1886 Joseph B. Foraker (R) Robert P. Kennedy (R)[21] Jacob A. Kohler (R) John C. Brown (R) 21R, 16D[22] 68R, 42D 3R, 2D
1887 Silas A. Conrad (R) 4R, 1D 15R, 6D
1888 William C. Lyon (R) David K. Watson (R) Ebenezer W. Poe (R) 25R, 11D 65R, 45D Benjamin Harrison and Levi P. Morton
1889 Daniel J. Ryan (R) 5R 16R, 5D
1890 James E. Campbell (D) Elbert L. Lampson (R) 19D, 17R 60D, 54R
William V. Marquis (D)
1891 Calvin S. Brice (D) 14D, 7R
1892 William McKinley (R) Andrew L. Harris (R) John K. Richards (R) Christian L. Poorman (R) William T. Cope (R) 21R, 10D 72R, 35D Benjamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reid (R) [23]
1893 Samuel M. Taylor (R) 6R 11D, 10R
1894 26R, 5D 85R, 22D
1895 19R, 2D
1896 Asa S. Bushnell (R) Asa W. Jones (R) Frank S. Monnette (R) Samuel B. Campbell (R) Walter D. Guilbert (R) 30R, 6D, 1P 87R, 25D William McKinley and Garret A. Hobart (R)
1897 Charles Kinney (R) Mark Hanna (R) 15R, 6D
1898 18D, 17R, 1IR[24] 62R, 47D Joseph B. Foraker (R)
1900 George K. Nash (R) John A. Caldwell John M. Sheets (R) Isaac B. Cameron (R) 19R, 11D, 1IR 62R, 45D, 3IR William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt (R)
1901 Lewis C. Laylin (R) 17R, 4D
1902 Carl L. Nippert (R) 21R, 12D 68R, 42D
Harry L. Gordon (R)
1904 Myron T. Herrick (R) Warren G. Harding (R) Wade H. Ellis (R) William S. McKinnon (R) 29R, 4D 88R, 22D Charles W. F. Dick (R) Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)
1905 20R, 1D
1906 John M. Pattison (D)[16][25] Andrew L. Harris (R) 18D, 18R, 1I[26][27] 62R, 75D, 2I[28]
Andrew L. Harris (R)[17][25] vacant
1907 Carmi Thompson (R) 16R, 5D
1908 William Howard Taft and James S. Sherman (R)
1909 Judson Harmon (D) Francis W. Treadway (R) Ulysses G. Denman (R) David S. Creamer (D) Edward M. Fullington (R) 20R, 14D 71R, 45D, 1I Theodore E. Burton (R) 13R, 8D
1911 Atlee Pomerene (D) Timothy S. Hogan (D) Charles H. Graves (D) 19D, 15R 70D, 49R 4R, 2D Atlee Pomerene (D) 16D, 5R
1912 Hugh L. Nichols (D) Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D)
1913 James M. Cox (D) W. A. Greenlund (D) John P. Brennan (D) A. Victor Donahey (D) 26D, 7R 87D, 33R, 3 Prog. 5D, 2R 19D, 3R
1915 Frank B. Willis (R) John H. Arnold (R) Edward C. Turner (R) Charles Q. Hildebrant (R) Rudolph W. Archer (R) 20R, 13D 72R, 50D, 1 Prog. 4D, 3R Warren G. Harding (R) 13R, 9D
1917 James M. Cox (D) Earl D. Bloom (D) Joseph McGhee (D) William D. Fulton (D) Chester E. Bryan (D) 25D, 11R 72D, 56R 13D, 9R
1919 Clarence J. Brown (R) John G. Price (R) Harvey C. Smith (R) Rudolph W. Archer (R) 27R, 7D 100R, 36D 4R, 3D 14R, 8D
1920 Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R)
1921 Harry L. Davis (R) Joseph T. Tracy (R) 36R, 1D 113R, 12D 6R, 1D Frank B. Willis (R) 22R
1923 A. Victor Donahey (D) Earl D. Bloom (D) Charles C. Crabbe (R) Thad H. Brown (R) Harry S. Day (R) 31R, 4D 103R, 27D Simeon D. Fess (R) 16R, 6D
1924 Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R)
1925 Charles H. Lewis (R) 33R, 2D 110R, 20D
1927 Earl D. Bloom (D) Edward C. Turner (R) Clarence J. Brown, Sr. (R) Bert B. Buckley (R) 35R, 2D 103R, 33D
1928 William G. Pickrel (D) Cyrus Locher (D)
George C. Braden (R) Theodore E. Burton (R) Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R)
1929 Myers Y. Cooper (R) John T. Brown (R) Gilbert Bettman (R) H. Ross Ake (R) 31R 122R, 11D Roscoe C. McCulloch (R) 19R, 3D
1930 Robert J. Bulkley (D)
1931 George White (D) William G. Pickrel (D) Harry S. Day (R) 18R, 14D 70R, 58D 13R, 9D
1932 5R, 2D Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D)
1933 Charles W. Sawyer (D) John W. Bricker (R) George S. Myers (D) 16D, 16R[29] 84D, 51R 4R, 3D 18D, 6R
1934 5D, 2R
1935 Martin L. Davey (D) Harold G. Mosier (D) 19D, 13R 68R, 67D[30] 4R, 3D A. Victor Donahey (D)
1937 Paul P. Yoder (D) Herbert S. Duffy (D) William J. Kennedy (D) Clarence H. Knisley (D) Joseph T. Ferguson (D) 31D, 5R 105D, 33R 21D, 3R
1938 4D, 3R
1939 John W. Bricker (R) Paul M. Herbert (R) Thomas J. Herbert (R) Earl Griffith (R) Don H. Ebright (R) 27R, 7D 100R, 36D 4R, 3D Robert A. Taft (R) 15R, 9D
1940 George M. Neffiner (R) Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D)
1941 John E. Sweeney (D) 19R, 17D 78R, 60D 5R, 2D Harold Burton (R) 12R, 12D
1943 Edward J. Hummel (R) 28R, 5D 111R, 25D 20R, 3D
1944 Thomas E. Dewey and John W. Bricker (R)
1945 Frank J. Lausche (D) George D. Nye (D) Hugh S. Jenkins (R) 20R, 13D 89R, 47D James W. Huffman (D) 17R, 6D
1946 Kingsley Taft (R)
1947 Thomas J. Herbert (R) Paul M. Herbert (R) 32R, 4D 123R, 16D 4R, 3D John W. Bricker (R) 19R, 4D
1948 Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D)
1949 Frank J. Lausche (D)[5] George D. Nye (D) Herbert S. Duffy (D) Donald K. Zoller (R) 19D, 14R 69D, 66R 5R, 2D 12D, 11R
1951 C. William O'Neill (R) Ted W. Brown (R) Roger W. Tracy (R) 26R, 7D 98R, 36D, 1I 16R, 6D, 1I
1952 Dwight Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R)
1953 John William Brown (R) Jim Rhodes (R) 23R, 10D 102R, 34D Thomas A. Burke (D)
1954 4R, 3D George H. Bender (D)
1955 21R, 12D 89R, 47D 17R, 6D
1957 John William Brown (R)[17] vacant William B. Saxbe(R) 22R, 12D 97R, 42D Frank Lausche (D)
C. William O'Neill (R) Paul M. Herbert (R)
1959 Michael DiSalle (D) John W. Donahey (D) Mark McElroy (D) Joseph T. Ferguson (D) 20D, 13R 78D, 61R Stephen M. Young (D) 15R, 8D
1960 Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. (R)
1961 20R, 18D 84R, 55D 16R, 7D
1963 Jim Rhodes (R) John William Brown (R) William B. Saxbe (R) John D. Herbert (R) Roger W. Tracy (R) 20R, 13D 88R, 49D 6R, 1D 18R, 6D
1964 Chester W. Goble (R) Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D)
1965 Roger Cloud(R) 16R, 16D[31] 75R, 62D 14R, 10D
1966 Archer E. Reilly (R)
1967 Roger Cloud (R) 23R, 10D 62R, 37D 19R, 5D
1968 Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)
1969 Paul W. Brown (R) 21R, 12D 64R, 35D William B. Saxbe (R) 18R, 6D
1970 7R
1971 John J. Gilligan (D) William J. Brown (D) Gertrude W. Donahey (D) Joseph T. Ferguson (D) 20R, 13D 54R, 45D Robert Taft Jr. (R) 17R, 7D
1972 6R, 1D
1973 17R, 16D 57D, 42R 5R, 2D 16R, 7D
Howard Metzenbaum (D)
1975 Jim Rhodes (R) Dick Celeste (D) Thomas E. Ferguson (D) 21D, 12R 59D, 40R John Glenn (D) 15R, 8D
1976 Howard Metzenbaum (D) Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D)
1977 62D, 37R 4D, 3R 13R, 10D
1979 [32] Anthony J. Celebrezze Jr. (D) 18D, 15R 63D, 36R
1980 vacant George H.W. Bush (R)
1981 18R, 15D 56D, 43R 5D, 2R
1983 Dick Celeste (D) Myrl Shoemaker (D)[16] Anthony J. Celebrezze Jr. (D) Sherrod Brown (D) Mary Ellen Withrow(D) 17D, 16R 62D, 37R 6D, 1R 11R, 10D
1985 vacant 18R, 15D 59D, 40R 4D, 3R 11D, 10R
1987 Paul Leonard (D) 60D, 39R 4R, 3D
1988 George H.W.Bush and Dan Quayle (R)
1989 19R, 14D 59D, 40R
1991 George Voinovich (R)[5] Mike DeWine (R) Lee Fisher (D) Bob Taft (R) 21R, 12D 61D, 38R
1992 Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D)
1993 20R, 13D 53D, 46R 10D, 9R
1994 Kenneth Blackwell (R)
1995 Nancy Hollister (R) Betty Montgomery (R) Jim Petro (R) 56R, 43D 5R, 2D Mike DeWine (R) 13R, 6D
1997 21R, 12D 60R, 39D 11R, 8D
1998 Nancy Hollister (R)[17] vacant
1999 Bob Taft (R) Maureen O'Connor (R) Ken Blackwell (R) Joe Deters (R) 59R, 40D George Voinovich (R)
2000 Dick Cheney (R)
2001 60R, 39D
2003 Jennette Bradley (R) Jim Petro (R) Betty Montgomery (R) 22R, 11D 62R, 37D 12R, 6D
2005 61R, 38D 6R, 1D
Bruce Johnson (R) Jennette Bradley (R)
2007 Ted Strickland (D) Lee Fisher (D) Marc Dann (D)[33] Jennifer Brunner (D) Richard Cordray (D)[34] Mary Taylor (R) 21R, 12D 53R, 46D 7R Sherrod Brown (D) 11R, 7D
2008 Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D)
Tom Winters (D)[35]
Nancy H. Rogers (D)[36]
2009 Richard Cordray (D)[37] Kevin Boyce (D)[36] 53D, 46R 10D, 8R
2010 6R, 1D
2011 John Kasich (R) Mary Taylor (R) Mike DeWine (R) Jon Husted (R) Josh Mandel (R) Dave Yost (R) 23R, 10D 59R, 40D Rob Portman (R) 13R, 5D
2013 60R, 39D 12R, 4D
2015 65R, 34D
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Attorney General Secretary of State Treasurer Auditor State Senate State House Supreme Court U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress

See also


  1. ^ Governor of the Northwest Territory appointed by the Continental Congress. There was no Ohio Territory; Ohio is considered the successor state to the Northwest Territory.
  2. ^ The office of lieutenant governor was created by the 1851 Constitution, first being filled in 1852.
  3. ^ the office of Ohio Attorney General was created in 1846
  4. ^ Ohio accepted into the Union in 1803.
  5. ^ a b c d Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  6. ^ a b c d As speaker of the Senate, acted as governor for unexpired term.
  7. ^ The 1808 election was actually won by Return J. Meigs, Jr., but Meigs was declared ineligible for office for failing residency requirements.
  8. ^ Resigned to become United States Postmaster General.
  9. ^  
  10. ^ Resigned to become United States minister to Mexico.
  11. ^ a b Bebb's term officially ended in December 1848. However, due to the large number of close elections that year, the General Assembly was delayed in qualifying governor-elect Seabury Ford, and Bebb remained in office for an extra few weeks.
  12. ^ Wood's first term was truncated to one year, due to the 1851 constitution's moving elections one year back to odd-numbered years; resigned to become consul in Valparaíso, Chile.
  13. ^ As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term, and was later elected in his own right.
  14. ^ Smith 1898 : 40
  15. ^ Smith 1898 : 74
  16. ^ a b c Died in office.
  17. ^ a b c d e As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  18. ^ Though the Senate was tied, the Republicans had control of the Senate Presidency due to the tie-breaking vote of the Lt. Governor. [1]
  19. ^ Resigned to become president of the United States.
  20. ^ Acting.
  21. ^ Elected to United States House of Representatives representing Ohio's 8th congressional district.
  22. ^ There was a contest over four seats from Hamilton County and whether the Democrats or Republicans won them. The Democrats initially claimed the Senate Presidency under John O'Neill. After a compromise was worked out on not seating the four Democrats being contested, the 15 of the other 16 Democrats left the chamber, leaving it short of a quorum of 19. Some days later, a motion was made on the floor to accept the four Republicans, and it was granted. This allowed the Republicans to choose Silas A. Conrad as President Pro Tem, and to organize and control the chamber. [2]
  23. ^ Grover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D) also carried 1 of Ohio's 23 Electoral Votes due to a faithless elector.
  24. ^ The Independent Republican voted to give the Democrats control of the Senate Presidency and the chamber. [3]
  25. ^ a b A 1905 amendment to the state constitution shifted elections forward one year, to take place on even years; thus Pattison's term, completed by Lieutenant Governor Andrew L. Harris Harris, was extended to three years.
  26. ^ The Independent voted to give the Democrats control of the Senate Presidency and the chamber. [4]
  27. ^ Due to a state constitutional amendment, every legislator elected in 1905 served a three-year term, and would serve two-year terms afterward.
  28. ^ Due to a state constitutional amendment, every legislator elected in 1905 served a three-year term, and would serve two-year terms afterward.
  29. ^ Though the Senate was tied, the Democrats had control of the Senate Presidency due to the tie-breaking vote of the Lt. Governor.
  30. ^ Elected a Democratic Speaker.
  31. ^ Though the Senate was tied, the GOP had control of the Senate Presidency due to the tie-breaking vote of the Lt. Governor. Ohio Senate Democrats unveil tactics
  32. ^ Resigned to become mayor of Cleveland.
  33. ^ Resigned.
  34. ^ Resigned following election as state attorney general in November 2008 special election.
  35. ^ As deputy attorney general, acted as attorney general following Dann's resignation.
  36. ^ a b Appointed to fill vacancy.
  37. ^ Elected in November 2008 special election.


  • Smith, Joseph P, ed. (1898). History of the Republican Party in Ohio I. Chicago: the Lewis Publishing Company. 
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