World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sesamoiditis

Article Id: WHEBN0006330624
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sesamoiditis  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pastern, Mike Fucito, Osteitis, Osteochondritis, Complex regional pain syndrome
Collection: Disorders of Fascia, Equine Injury and Lameness, Inflammations, Overuse Injuries, Pain
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Sesamoiditis

Sesamoiditis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 M86.8
ICD-9-CM 733.99

Sesamoiditis is inflammation of the sesamoid bones.

Contents

  • Humans 1
  • Horses 2
  • Causes 3
  • Notable persons with sesamoiditis 4
  • References 5

Humans

human sesamoid bones

Sesamoiditis occurs on the bottom of the foot, just behind the big toe. There are normally two sesamoid bones on each foot; sometimes sesamoids can be bipartite, which means they each comprise two separate pieces. The sesamoids are roughly the size of jelly beans. The sesamoid bones act as a fulcrum for the flexor tendons, the tendons which bend the big toe downward.

Symptoms include inflammation and pain.

Sometimes a sesamoid bone is fractured. This can be difficult to pick up on X-ray, so a bone scan or MRI is a better alternative.[1]

Among those who are susceptible to the malady are dancers, catchers and pitchers in baseball, soccer players, and football players.[2][3]

Horses

Location of the sesamoid bones, behind the fetlock.

In the horse it occurs at the horse's fetlock. The sesamoid bones lie behind the bones of the fetlock, at the back of the joint, and help to keep the tendons and ligaments that run between them correctly functioning.

Usually periostitis (new bone growth) occurs along with sesamoiditis, and the suspensory ligament may also be affected. Sesamoiditis results in inflammation, pain, and eventually bone growth.

Causes

In humans, excessive forces caused by sudden bending upwards of the big toe, high heels, or a stumble can contribute to sesamoiditis. Once the sesamoid bone is injured it can be very difficult to cure, because every time you walk you put additional pressure on the sesamoid bone. Treatment in humans consists of anti-inflammatory medication, cortisone injections, strapping to immobilize the big toe, and orthotics with special accommodations to keep pressure off the affected bone.

In horses, sesamoiditis is generally caused by excess stress on the fetlock joint. Conformation that promotes sesamoiditis include long pasterns, or horses with long toes and low heels.

Notable persons with sesamoiditis

  • Mike Fucito, major league soccer player[4]
  • Josh Zeid, major league baseball pitcher[5][6][7]
  • Melvin Upton, major league baseball player [8]
  • JJ O'Donnell, football player for Gateshead FC [9]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.