World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tibor Machan

Article Id: WHEBN0002421959
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tibor Machan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ethical egoism, Objectivism (Ayn Rand), List of political theorists, Night-watchman state, Tom G. Palmer, The Freeman, Marty Zupan, Non-aggression principle, Roderick Long, Philosophy Now
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Tibor Machan

Tibor R. Machan
Born (1939-03-18) March 18, 1939 (age 75)
Nationality Hungarian-American
Era Contemporary philosophy
Region Western Philosophy
School Libertarianism

Tibor Richard Machan, Ph.D. (/ˈtbɔr məˈkæn/; born 18 March 1939) is a Hungarian-American philosopher. A professor emeritus in the department of philosophy at Auburn University, Machan holds the R. C. Hoiles Chair of Business Ethics and Free Enterprise at the Argyros School of Business & Economics at Chapman University in Orange, California.

He has been a research fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, an adjunct scholar at the Cato Institute, and an adjunct faculty member of the Ludwig von Mises Institute.[1] Machan is a syndicated and freelance columnist; author of more than one hundred scholarly papers and more than forty books, among them the recent Why is Everyone Else Wrong? (Springer, 2008). He is Senior Contributing Editor at The Daily Bell.

Though he can be broadly classified as a libertarian on many important issues, Machan rejects any division of libertarianism into left wing and right wing. He holds that, by its nature, libertarianism is about political liberty for all individuals to do whatever is peaceful and non-aggressive. Machan is a minarchist.


Machan was born in Hungary. Machan's father hired a smuggler to get him out of Hungary when he was 14 years of age and he came to the United States three years later.[2] By 1965, Machan graduated Claremont McKenna College (then Claremont Men's College).[3] He took his Masters of Arts in Philosophy at New York University from 1965 to 1966, and his Ph.D in Philosophy at University of California, Santa Barbara, 1966–1971.[4]

In 1970, with Robert W. Poole and Manuel Klausner, he purchased Reason magazine, which has since become the leading libertarian periodical in America. Machan edited Reason for two years and was the editor of Reason Papers, an annual journal of interdisciplinary normative studies, for 25 years.

He was a visiting professor at the United States Military Academy (West Point) in 1992–1993 and has taught at universities in California, New York, Switzerland, and Alabama. He lectures in Europe, South Africa, New Zealand, Budapest, Hungary, Prague, Czech Republic, Azerbaijan, Republic of Georgia, Armenia, and Latin America on business ethics and political philosophy.

He sits on the advisory boards for several foundations and "think tanks," and served on the founding Board of the Jacob J. Javits Graduate Fellowship Program of the U. S. Department of Education. Machan was selected as the 2003 President of the American Society for Value Inquiry, and delivered the presidential address on December 29, 2002, in Philadelphia, at the Eastern Division meetings of the American Philosophical Association, titled "Aristotle & Business." He was on the board of the Association for Private Enterprise Education for several terms.

Machan lives in Silverado Canyon, Orange County, California. Machan is an adviser to Freedom Communications on libertarian issues.[5]

He was previously married to Marty Zupan.[6]

Machan has written a memoir, The Man Without a Hobby: Adventures of a Gregarious Egoist (Hamilton Books, 2004; 2nd edition 2012). He wrote Rebellion in Print: Political Ideas Against the Current (Addleton Academic Publishers) in 2011.

Academic work

Machan's work usually focuses on ethics and political philosophy, specifically natural rights theory, as in works such as Individuals and Their Rights (Open Court, 1989) and Libertarianism Defended (Ashgate, 2006). He has defended the arguments of Ayn Rand for ethical egoism, and also writes frequently on business ethics, a field in which he deploys a neo-Aristotelian ethical stance whereby commercial and business conduct gain their moral standing by constituting extensions of the virtues of productivity and prudence. He argues that the field presupposes the institution of the right to private property (one cannot trade what one does not own or hasn't been authorized to trade by the owner) in the works, The Business of Commerce, Examining an Honorable Profession, and A Primer on Business Ethics, both with James Chesher, and The Morality of Business, A Profession of Human Wealth Care (Springer, 2007).

His full ethical position is developed in his book Classical Individualism: The Supreme Importance of Each Human Being (Routledge, 1998), and it is applied in, among other books, Generosity: Virtue in Civil Society (Cato Institute, 1998).

Machan also writes in the field of epistemology. His main focus has been to challenge the conception of human knowledge whereby to know that P amounts to having reached a final, perfect, timeless, and finished understanding of P. Instead, Machan develops Ayn Rand's contextual conception of human knowledge (from Rand's Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology), but also draws on the insights of J. L. Austin, from his paper "Other Minds", and Gilbert Harman, from his book Thought, in works such as Objectivity (Ashgate, 2004). Machan has worked on the problem of free will and has defended a secular, naturalist (but not materialist) notion of human initiative in his books The Pseudo-Science of B. F. Skinner (1974; 2007) and Initiative: Human Agency and Society (2000).

Machan has argued against animal rights in his widely reprinted paper "Do Animals Have Rights?" (1991) and his book Putting Humans First: Why We Are Nature's Favorite (2004), but he has also written on the ethics of animal treatment in his book Putting Humans First (2004). He is also a skeptic as to whether governments are able to help with global warming and whether human beings have made significant contributions to climate change. On May 1, 2011, Machan was featured in a three-hour interview on C-Span 2's In Depth program as its selection of an author from the Western United States of America.

Selected works

  • (co-authored with Rainer Ebert) "Innocent Threats and the Moral Problem of Carnivorous Animals," Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (May 2012), pp. 146–159.
  • The Promise of Liberty (Lexington, 2009)
  • Libertarianism Defended (Ashgate, 2006)
  • Classical Individualism (Routledge, 1998)
  • Generosity; Virtue in the Civil Society (Cato Institute, 1998)
  • Capitalism and Individualism: Reframing the Argument for the Free Society (St. Martin's Publishing Co. & Harvester Wheatsheaf *Books, 1990)
  • Individuals and Their Rights (Open Court, 1989)
  • Human Rights and Human Liberties (Nelson-Hall, 1975)
  • The Pseudo-Science of B.F. Skinner (Arlington House, 1973)
  • The Libertarian Reader (Rowman & Littlefield, 1982)
  • The Libertarian Alternative (Nelson-Hall, 1974)
  • “Recent Work in Ethical Egoism,” American Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1979, pp. 1–15.

See also


External links

  • Machan's personal website
  • "Human Rights Issues in Germany" – Videos of Machan lecturing at the University of Heidelberg
  • Archive at
  • interview with Machan, May 1, 2011
  • Video debate with Tibor Machan
  • Video interview with Tibor Machan

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.