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Trade unions in Guinea

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Trade unions in Guinea

Trade unions in Guinea

International Labour Organization

Guinea is a member of the ILO

Convention ratification

Trade unions in Guinea were historically important - having played a pivotal role in the country's independence movement - and in recent years have again assumed a leading role.

History

Colonial period

In 1945, PTT) workers, and then in 1946, the Territorial Union of Guinean Trade Unions (Union Territoriale des Syndicats de Guinée, UTSG).[1]

Sekou Touré and Seydou Diallo (also of Guinea) were among the leaders in the creation of the French West African Confédération générale des travailleurs africains ('General Confederation of African Workers', CGTA) separate from the French union, Confédération Générale du Travail (CGT) in 1955-6.[2][3]

Following independence

Trade unions were outlawed in 1961, following a teachers' strike, and legalized again in the 1990s.[4]

In 2006, the unions (together) successfully organized strikes in Conakry, and in early 2007 led nationwide strikes that provoked a harsh government crackdown which resulted in over 100 fatalities.

In October 2009, following shooting and other violence against a political rally in Conakry, the unions organized a successful two-day strike.

Current Unions

References

  1. ^ Karthala, 2004. p. 140Histoire du syndicalisme en Afrique s'appuyant sur les témoignages de huit acteurs ou anciens acteurs pleinement engagés dans ce mouvement.Linard, André, (Note following "Rabiatou Sera Diallo - Le syndicalisme, c'est comme l'eau : c'est la vie" in G. Fonteneau & N. Madounga (eds.)
  2. ^ Fall, Mar. L'Etat et la Question Syndicale au Sénégal. Paris: Éditions L'Harmattan, 1989. p. 31-32
  3. ^ Agyeman, Opoku. The Failure of Grassroots Pan-Africanism: The Case of the All-African Trade Union Federation. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2003. pp. 98-99
  4. ^ International Crisis Group, "Guinea in Transition" Policy Briefing: Africa Briefing N°37, Dakar/Brussels, 11 April 2006. p.3
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