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Kromeriz

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Kromeriz

Kroměříž
Town
Flag
Coat of arms
Nickname: Athens of Hanakia
Country Czech Republic
Region Zlín
District Kroměříž
Commune Kroměříž
River Morava
Elevation 201 m (659 ft)
Coordinates 17|56|N|17|23|35|E|type:city(29374)_region:CZ name=

}}

Area 50.97 km2 (19.68 sq mi)
Population 29,374 (2006-10-02)
Density 576 / km2 (1,492 / sq mi)
Founded 1260
Mayor Daniela Hebnarová
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 217 01 - 768 01
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Name Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž
Year 1998 (#22)
Number 860
Region Europe and North America
Criteria ii, iv
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Commons: Kroměříž
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.mesto-kromeriz.cz
Kroměříž (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkromɲɛr̝iːʃ]; German: Kremsier, Polish: Kromieryż) is a Moravian town in the Zlin Region of the Czech Republic. The town's main landmark is the Baroque Kroměříž Bishop's Palace, where some scenes from Amadeus and Immortal Beloved were filmed. The Palace and the Flower Garden in Kroměříž (cs), were added to the list of World Heritage Sites in 1998.

The city's National Museum is home to The Flaying of Marsyas, a late painting by Titian.

History

The town, inhabited by slavs from the 7th century, was founded in 1260 by Bruno von Schauenburg (de), bishop of Olomouc. Bruno chose Kroměříž to become his see and he also made his castle the centre of his dominion which consisted of more than 60 vassals from the whole of Moravia. Kroměříž is referred to as a market village in a document by Přemysl Otakar II from 1256, but in 1266 it is already called a town. Bruno also established what was to become the famous Archbishop's Palace. The town was badly damaged in the Thirty Years' War, was plundered twice by Swedish troops (1643 and 1645), after this the Black Death came. Bishop Karl II von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn rebuilt the city and the palace after the war. The Constitutive Imperial Congress sat in Kroměříž in 1848.

Notable people

  • Ludvík Svoboda, army general and president
  • Heinrich Ignaz Biber (1644–1704), composer and violinist
  • Václav Talich (1883–1961), conductor
  • Jaroslav Koutecký (cs) (1922–2005), chemist
  • Karel Kryl, musician
  • Jan Milíč z Kroměříže (died 1374), ideal predecessor of Jan Hus; initiated the practice of preaching in the Czech language in Prague.
  • Martin Miller, (1899–1969), actor
  • Pepča Stejskal (born 1945) graphic designer, poet, surrealist
  • Miloslav Gajdoš (de), composer and double bassist

Kroměříž is also a birthplace of Max Švabinský (born September 17, 1873; died February 10, 1962), one of the most important Czech painters of the last century. A permanent exhibition called Max Švabinský Memorial can be seen in the Museum of Kroměříž Region (Czech: Muzeum Kroměřížska), located in the lower part of Big Square (Velké náměstí), near the entrance to the Bishop's Palace (Gallery - Titian´s Marsyas).

  • Patrik Vrbovský (born 1977), rapper, singer
  • Paula Wild, pornstar

Twin towns — Sister cities

Kroměříž is twinned with:

External links

  • Official website
  • Kroměříž guide
  • FULLSCREEN QTVR virtual tour of Kromeriz
  • UNESCO listing for Kroměříž
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