History of Iran
Proto-Elamite 3200–2700 BCE
Elam 2700–539 BCE
Mannaeans 850–616 BCE
Median Empire 678–550 BCE
  (Scythian Kingdom 652–625 BCE)
Achaemenid Empire 550–330 BCE
Atropatene 320s BC – 3rd century AD
Seleucid Empire 312–63 BCE
Parthian Empire 247 BCE – 224 CE
Sasanian Empire 224–651
  (Dabuyid dynasty 642–759/760)
  (Paduspanids 665–1598)
  (Bavand dynasty 665–1349)
Umayyad Caliphate 661–750
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Sallarid dynasty
Sajid dynasty
Buyid Dynasty
Ghaznavid Empire 963–1186
Kakuyids 1008–1141
Great Seljuq Empire 1037–1194
Atabegs of Yazd 1141–1319
Ghurid Dynasty 1148–1215
Khwarazmian Empire 1077–1231
Mihrabanids 1236–1537
Kurt Dynasty 1244–1396
Ilkhanate Empire 1256–1335
Chobanid Dynasty
Muzaffarid Dynasty
Jalayirid Dynasty
Afrasiab dynasty 1349–1504
Timurid Empire 1370–1405
Qara Qoyunlu
Timurid Dynasty
Agh Qoyunlu
Safavid Empire 1501–1736
  (Hotaki Dynasty 1722–1729)
Afsharid Empire 1736–1747
Zand Dynasty
Afsharid Dynasty
Qajar Empire 1796–1925
Pahlavi Dynasty 1925–1979
Interim Government 1979–1980
Islamic Republic 1980–present

The Hazaraspids (1148–1424), was a Kurdish dynasty[1] that ruled the Zagros Mountains region of southwestern Persia, essentially in Lorestān and the adjacent parts of Fārs which flourished in the later Saljuq, Ilkhanid, Muzaffarid, and Timurid periods.[2] The founder of dynasty Abu Tahir bin Muhammad was initially a commander of the Salghurid Atabaks of Fars and was appointed as the governor of Kuhgiluya,[3] but eventually gained independence in Luristan and extended his realm as far as Isfahan and assumed the prestigious title of Atabak.[4] His son, Malek Hazarasp fought a successful campaign against Salghurids and assisted Jalal-al-din Khwarezmshah in his struggle against the Mongols. Another Hazaraspid ruler Takla, accompanied Hulagu on his march to Baghdad, but deserted because of the murder of the last caliph. He was eventually caught and executed on Hulagu's order.

Yusuf Shah I received Ilkhan Abaqa's confirmation of his rule and added Khuzestan, Kuhgiluya, Firuzan (near Isfahan) and Golpayegan to his domain. Afrasiab I attempted to extend his control to the coast of Persian Gulf but faced stiff opposition from the Mongols who defeated his army at Kuhrud near Kashan. He was reinstated by Ilkhan Gaykhatu but was executed by Gazan in October 1296.[5]

The capital of Hazaraspids was located at Idaj located in present-day northern Khuzestan. Yusuf Shah II annexed the cities of Shushtar, Hoveizeh and Basra in the first half of fourteenth century.[6] During the reign of Shams-al-din Pashang, the dynasty faced attacks from the Muzaffarids and the capital Idaj temporarily fell into their hands, until the occupiers had to retreat due to their own internecine fighting. In 1424, the Timurid ruler Shahrukh Mirza overthrew the last Hazaraspid ruler Ghias-al-din thereby ended the dynasty.


  1. Abu Tahir bin Muhammad (r. 1148–1203)
  2. Malek Hazarasp (r. 1204–1248)
  3. Emad-al-din (r. 1248–1251)
  4. Nosrat-al-din (r. 1252–1257)
  5. Takla (r. 1258– )
  6. Shams-al-din Alp Arghun
  7. Yusuf Shah I (r. 1274–1288)
  8. Afrasiab I (r. 1288–1296)
  9. Nosrat-al-din Ahmad (r. 1296–1330)
  10. Rokn-al-din Yusuf Shah II (r. 1330–1340)
  11. Mozaffar-al-din Afrasiab II (r. 1340–1355)
  12. Shams-al-din Pashang (r. 1355–1378)
  13. Malek Pir Ahmad (r. 1378–1408)
  14. Abu Saeed (r. 1408–1417)
  15. Shah Hussein (r. 1417–1424)
  16. Ghias-al-din (r. 1424)

See also


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