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Anne-Marie of Denmark

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Title: Anne-Marie of Denmark  
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Anne-Marie of Denmark

Anne-Marie of Denmark
The former Queen in 1987, by Allan Warren
Queen consort of the Hellenes
Tenure 18 September 1964 – 1 June 1973
Spouse Constantine II of Greece
Issue
Princess Alexia
Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece
Prince Nikolaos
Princess Theodora
Prince Philippos
House House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Father Frederick IX of Denmark
Mother Ingrid of Sweden
Born (1946-08-30) 30 August 1946 (age 67)
Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen
Religion Greek Orthodox
prev Lutheran
Greek Royal Family

HM The King
HM The Queen

Danish Royal Family

HM The Queen
HRH The Prince Consort


HRH Princess Benedikte
HM The Queen of the Hellenes


HH Princess Elisabeth


Queen Anne-Marie of Greece (born Princess Anne-Marie Dagmar Ingrid of Denmark; Greek: Άννα-Μαρία Βασίλισσα των Ελλήνων, pronounced [ana marˈia] in Greek, born 30 August 1946) is the wife of former King Constantine II of Greece, who was deposed in referendums in 1973 and in 1974.

Anne-Marie was born a princess of Denmark and is the youngest daughter of King Frederick IX of Denmark and his wife Ingrid of Sweden. She is the youngest sister of the current Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and cousin of the current King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.

Title

Her title "Queen of Greece" (or Queen of the Hellenes) is not recognized under the terms of the republican Constitution of Greece.[1] Nevertheless, the Royal Courts of Denmark, Sweden, Belgium and Spain still officially recognise and address her as Her Majesty The Queen of the Hellenes.

As the daughter of His Majesty King Frederick IX of Denmark, and as the sister of Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, Anne-Marie is also an immediate member of the Danish Royal House and styled as Her Royal Highness Princess Anne-Marie, Princess of Denmark.

Biography

Birth and family

Princess Anne-Marie was born on 30 August 1946 at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen as the third child of Crown Prince Frederick and Crown Princess Ingrid of Denmark. Her father was the eldest son of King Christian X and Queen Alexandrine of Denmark, and her mother was the only daughter of Crown Prince Gustav Adolf and Crown Princess Margaret of Sweden.

The princess was baptised on 9 October 1946 in the Church of Holmen in Copenhagen. Her godparents were her grandfathers King Christian X of Denmark and King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, Prince Bertil of Sweden, King Haakon VII of Norway, Prince George of Greece, her grandmother Queen Alexandrine of Denmark, Crown Princess Märtha of Norway, Queen Mary of the United Kingdom, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, and Princess Dagmar of Denmark.[2]

Early life

On 20 April 1947, King Christian X died and Anne-Marie's father ascended the throne as King Frederick IX.

Anne-Marie was educated at Zahle's School in Denmark from 1952 to 1961. In 1961 she attended the Chatelard School for Girls, an English boarding school outside Montreux in Switzerland. In 1963 and 1964 she attended the Institut Le Mesnil, a Swiss finishing school also in Montreux.

Engagement and marriage

In 1959, at the age of thirteen, Anne-Marie first met her future husband, her double third cousin, Crown Prince Constantine of Greece, Prince of Denmark, who accompanied his parents, King Paul of Greece and Queen Frederika, on a state visit to Denmark. They met a second time in Denmark in 1961, when Constantine declared to his parents his intention to marry Anne-Marie. They met again in Athens in May 1962 at the marriage of Constantine's sister Sophia to Prince Juan Carlos of Spain at which Anne-Marie was a bridesmaid: and again in 1963 at the centenary celebrations of the Greek monarchy.

On 6 March 1964, King Paul died and Constantine succeeded him as King of the Hellenes. In July 1964, the announcement of the engagement of Constantine and Anne-Marie raised the polite protests of the Left in Denmark.[3] Anne-Marie and Constantine were married on 18 September 1964 (two weeks after Anne-Marie's 18th birthday) in the Metropolis, the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of Athens. The bride wore a Jorgen Bender design.[4]

As Queen of Greece, Anne-Marie spent much of her time working for a charitable foundation known as "Her Majesty's Fund" which provided assistance to people in rural areas of Greece.

Exile

In December 1967 Anne-Marie’s husband King Constantine attempted a counter-coup against the military junta which had been sworn in by himself after a successful coup during the previous April. The counter-coup failed and Anne-Marie and her family had to flee to Italy. During the aftermath, Anne-Marie miscarried a child.[5] The family lived for two months in the Greek embassy and then for the next five years in a house in a suburb of Rome.

In 1973 Anne-Marie moved with her family to England. They lived first in Chobham in Surrey. Later they moved to the London suburb of Hampstead where they continue to live. The Greek government seized their former private home of Tatoi. It was only after a successful appeal to the European Court of Human Rights that the Greek government were forced to pay compensation for the property. King Constantine has used the monies obtained to set up the Anna-Marie Foundation.

Official status since 1973

In spite of the fact that Constantine and Anne-Marie had gone into exile in 1967, Greece officially remained a monarchy for several years, with Major General Georgios Zoitakis serving as Regent. On 1 June 1973 the self-appointed prime minister, Colonel George Papadopoulos, deposed Constantine as king and declared Greece a republic.

In November 1973 Papadopoulos himself was overthrown by Brigadier Dimitrios Ioannides. After the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in August 1974, the military junta collapsed. The new prime minister, Constantine Karamanlis, held a referendum on 8 December 1974 in which 68.8% of those who voted approved the abolition of the Greek monarchy.[6] The former Royal Family and others have questioned the moral legitimacy of the referendum on the grounds that they were not permitted to return to Greece to campaign there.[7]

A new republican Constitution of Greece came into force on 11 June 1975 according to which no titles of distinction are recognized in Greek citizens. Some Greeks are offended by Anne-Marie being referred to as "Anne-Marie of Greece", instead preferring the use of her dynastic name and referring to her as "Anna-Maria Glücksburg", a name she has never used for herself.

Anne-Marie continues to be referred to as "Queen Anne-Marie of Greece" (or of the Hellenes) by most royal courts including those of the United Kingdom,[8] Spain,[9] Luxembourg,[10] and Jordan. She is called "Queen Anne-Marie" (without any territorial designation) by the courts of Denmark[11] and Sweden.[12] She is called "former Queen Anne-Marie of Greece" by the court of the Netherlands.[13]

When she travels internationally Anne-Marie uses a Danish diplomatic passport with the name "Anne-Marie de Grecia" (her first name plus the Spanish form of the words 'of Greece').

Current activities

In 1980 Anne-Marie and Constantine founded Hellenic College of London, a bilingual school where her own children were educated. She is currently honorary chairman of the school.

The government of Greece did not permit Anne-Marie to return to Greece until 1981 when she was allowed to enter Greek territory for several hours to attend the funeral of her mother-in-law, Queen Frederika. She and her family paid a private visit to Greece in 1993. Since 2003 – when the property dispute between her husband Constantine and the government of Greece concluded – Anne-Marie has visited Greece numerous times.

In 2003 Anne-Marie and her husband established the Anna-Maria Foundation with the money reimbursed to them by the government of Greece for the appropriation of their private property. The foundation provides aid to victims of natural disasters, including earthquakes and floods, in Greece. Anne-Marie serves as president of the foundation.

On 21 May 2004 Anne-Marie was peripherally involved in a fight in Madrid between former Crown Prince Vittorio Emanuele of Italy and his cousin and dynastic rival Prince Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta. At a soirée held at the Zarzuela Palace during the wedding celebrations of Felipe, Prince of Asturias, Amedeo approached Vittorio who reportedly punched him twice in the face, causing him to stumble backward down the steps.[14] The quick intervention of Anne-Marie, who propped him up, prevented Amedeo from falling to the ground. She discreetly assisted him indoors while stanching his bleeding facial wounds until first aid was administered.[14] Upon learning of the incident Spain's King Juan Carlos, a cousin of both men, reportedly declared that "never again" would an opportunity to abuse his hospitality be afforded the competing pretenders.[14] Anne-Marie's quick action avoided what might have been more serious injury to Amedeo.

On 14 August 2004 Anne-Marie and her husband Constantine visited their former home in Athens, the former Royal Palace now the Presidential Palace, for the first time since 1967. They were received by then President of Greece Costis Stephanopoulos along with other members of the International Olympic Committee (of which Constantine is an honorary member). In December 2004 Constantine, Anne-Marie and their children were again invited to pay a personal private visit by President Stephanopoulos.

Children and grandchildren

The children and grandchildren of Constantine and Anne-Marie are:

Anne-Marie and her husband Constantine are third cousins: they share King Christian IX of Denmark as a great-great-grandfather in the male line. They also share Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom as a great-great-grandmother.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Anne-Marie has used the following titles and styles:

Titles and styles

  • 1946 – 1964: Her Royal Highness Princess Anne-Marie of Denmark
  • 1964 – 1973: Her Majesty The Queen of the Hellenes
  • 1973 – present: Her Majesty Queen Anne-Marie, Princess of Denmark

Honours

See also List of honours of the Greek Royal Family by country

Foreign honours

Arms

Mr Bjarne Erbo Grønfeldt, Deputy Private Secretary to HM The Queen of Denmark, confirms that Her Majesty Queen Anne-Marie's coat of arms as a Princess of Denmark consists of a shield of her late father's coat of arms supported by two savages holding clubs, surrounded by the Order of the Elephant, all under a canopy ensigned with a crown of her rank.

Ancestors

Notes

Citations

External links

  • The Royal House of Greece
  • The Official Website of the Greek Royal Family
Queen Anne-Marie of Greece
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 30 August 1946
Royal titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Frederika of Hanover
Queen consort of the Hellenes
18 September 1964 – 1 June 1973
Vacant
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Konstantin Johannsmann
Line of succession to the British throne
descended from Arthur, son of Victoria
Succeeded by
The Crown Prince of Greece

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