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Papua (province)

One of Papua's potential industries is timber, as forests cover 42 million hectares with an estimated worth of Rp.700 trillion ($78 billion). "If the forests are managed properly and sustainably, they can produce over 500 million cubic meters of logs per annum."[14]

The Grasberg Mine, the world's largest gold mine and third largest copper mine,[15] is located in the highlands near Puncak Jaya, the highest mountain in Papua.

Ecology

Paradisaea apoda, native to Papua, displaying its feathers

The island has an estimated 16,000 species of plant, 124 genera of which are endemic. Papua's known forest fauna includes; marsupials (including possums, wallabies, tree-kangaroos, cuscuses); other mammals (including the endangered Long-beaked Echidna); bird species such as birds of paradise, cassowaries, parrots, and cockatoos; the world's longest lizards (Papua monitor); and the world's largest butterflies.

The waterways and wetlands of Papua are also home to salt and freshwater crocodile, tree monitors, flying foxes, osprey, bats and other animals; while the equatorial glacier fields remain largely unexplored.

Protected areas within Papua province include the World Heritage Lorentz National Park, and the Wasur National Park, a RAMSAR wetland of international importance.

In February 2006, a team of scientists exploring the Foja Mountains, Sarmi, discovered new species of birds, butterflies, amphibians, and plants, including possibly the largest-flowered species of rhododendron.[16]

Ecological threats include logging-induced deforestation, forest conversion for plantation agriculture (including oil palm), smallholder agricultural conversion, the introduction and potential spread of alien species such as the Crab-eating Macaque which preys on and competes with indigenous species, the illegal species trade, and water pollution from oil and mining operations.

See also

References

  • King, Peter, West Papua Since Suharto: Independence, Autonomy, or Chaos?. University of New South Wales Press, 2004, ISBN 0-86840-676-7.
  1. ^ "Lukas-Klemen, Gubernur dan Wakil Gubernur Papua Terpilih". 13 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (2005). "Languages of Indonesia (Papua)".  
  3. ^ Simpson, Brad (9 July 2004). """Indonesia's 1969 Takeover of West Papua Not by "Free Choice.  
  4. ^ "Undang-2, Inpres, dll. – Laws, Decrees, etc.".  
  5. ^ "Goodbye Indonesia". People and Power. Al Jazeera English. 31 January 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  6. ^ external article
  7. ^ King, 2004, p. 91
  8. ^ Jakarta Post, 14 November 2013
  9. ^ http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/news/new-provinces-receive-the-nod/
  10. ^ http://www.papua.us/2013/04/museum-loka-budaya-simpan-jejak.html
  11. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/08/23/population-growth-%E2%80%98good-papua%E2%80%99.html
  12. ^ Papua province - Population by Region and Religion
  13. ^ http://www.depkes.go.id/downloads/Penduduk%20Kab%20Kota%20Umur%20Tunggal%202014.pdf Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin 2014 Kementerian Kesehatan
  14. ^ "Forests in Papua are valued at $78 billion". 24 August 2011. 
  15. ^ , 27 December 2005.The New York TimesJane Perlez and Raymond Bonner (2005): Below a Mountain of Wealth, a River of Waste. Accessed 6 December 2011.
  16. ^ Kirby, Terry (7 February 2006). "Scientists hail discovery of hundreds of new species in remote New Guinea".  

External links

  • Official website
  • Languages and ethnic groups of Papua Province, SIL Ethnologue
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