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Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India

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Title: Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India  
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Subject: Indian Railways, High-speed rail in India, Transport in India, Jammu–Sialkot Line, Nilambur–Shoranur railway line
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Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India

Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India
Type Public Sector Unit
Founded 2006
Headquarters New Delhi
Key people Mr.Anshuman Sharma,MD
Website DFCCIL

The Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL) is a corporation run by the Government of India, Ministry of Railways to undertake planning & development, mobilisation of financial resources and construction, maintenance and operation of the Dedicated Freight Corridors. DFCC has been registered as a company under the Companies Act 1956 on 30 October 2006.


Under the Eleventh Five Year Plan of India(2007–2012), Ministry of Railways is constructing a new Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) covering about 3300 route km long two routes - the Eastern Corridor from Ludhiana in Punjab to Dankuni in West Bengal and the Western Corridor from Jawaharlal Nehru Port, in Mumbai, Maharashtra to Tughlakabad, Delhi/Dadri along with interlinking of two corridors at Khurja in Uttar Pradesh. Upgrading of transportation technology, increase in productivity and reduction in unit transportation cost are the focus areas for the project.[1]

DFCCIL has been designated by Government of India as a `special purpose vehicle`, and has been created to undertake planning & development, mobilization of financial resources and construction, maintenance and operation of the Dedicated Freight Corridors. DFCCIL has been registered as a company under the Companies Act 1956 on 30 October 2006.[2]

Need for Dedicated Freight Corridor Project

Economic liberalization of 1991 followed by Information Technology industry explosion have taken India to a new growth scenario. Backed by strong fundamentals and commendable growth in the past three to four years, the resplendent Indian Economy is poised to grow even further at an average of 8 to 10% in the next 3 years. Transport requirement in the country, being primarily a derived demand, is slated to increase with elasticity of 1.25 with GDP growth by 10 to 12% in the medium and long term range. Riding on the waves of economic success, Indian Railways has witnessed a dramatic turn around and unprecedented financial turnover in the last two and a half years. This has been made possible by higher freight volumes without substantial investment in infrastructure, increased axle load, reduction of turn-round time of rolling stock, reduced unit cost of transportation, rationalization of tariffs resulting in improvement in market share and improved operational margins. Over the last 2 to 3 years, the railway freight traffic has grown by 8 to 11%, which is projected to cross 1100 million tonnes by the end of 11th Five Year Plan.

Golden Quadrilateral Freight Corridor (GQFC)

The Indian Railways’ quadrilateral linking the four metropolitan cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata, commonly known as the Golden Quadrilateral; and its two diagonals (North-South (Delhi - Chennai) and East-West (Howrah - Mumbai)), adding up to a total route length of 10,122 km carries more than 55% of revenue earning freight traffic of Indian Railways.

The existing trunk routes of Howrah-Delhi on the Eastern Corridor and Mumbai-Delhi on the Western Corridor are highly saturated, line capacity utilization varying between 115% to 150%.

The surging power needs requiring heavy coal movement, booming infrastructure construction and growing international trade has led to the conception of the Dedicated Freight Corridors along the Eastern and Western Routes.

Carbon emission reduction may help DFCCIL to claim carbon credits.

Historical Perspective

Accordingly, the seeds for the project were sown as early as in April, 2005, wherein, Honourable Prime Ministers of India and Japan made a joint declaration for feasibility and possible funding of the dedicated rail freight corridors. Honourable Minister for Railways, almost at the same time, announced in the Parliament the need and planning for the project. Immediately thereafter, RITES was entrusted with the feasibility study of both eastern and western corridors.

In May 2005, Committee on Infrastructure (COI) constituted a Task Force, chaired by Shri Anwarul Huda, Member Planning Commission to prepare a concept paper on Delhi-Mumbai (Western) and Delhi-Howrah (Eastern) dedicated freight corridor projects, and to suggest a new organizational structure for planning, financing, construction and operation of these corridors.

In January 2006, RITES submitted the Feasibility Study Report of both the corridors to Ministry of Railways. Almost simultaneously, the Cabinet approved the report of the Task Force of the COI, which directed that a SPV should be set up to construct and operate the DFC. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) gave "in principle" approval to the Feasibility Study report asking the MOR to go ahead with Preliminary Engineering cum Traffic Survey (PETS) for the two corridors, firm up the cost of the project and work out the financing options. In consonance with the recommendation of the Task Force of COI, a SPV, named "Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited" (DFCCIL) was incorporated under Companies Act in October 2006. Subsequently, RITES submitted the PETS Report based on which the project was approved at a cost of Rs.281.81 billion.

India can achieve higher axle load without wear and tear created by the friction by adopting the Maglev technologies for freight transport.[3]

Dedicated Freight Corridors

Sanctioned Dedicated Freight Corridors

Planned Dedicated Freight Corridors

Proposed Dedicated Freight Corridors[5]

  • Bangalore - Chennai Dedicated Freight Corridor
    • This DFC goes through Bangalore-Chennai Industrial Corridor promoted by Japan & India.(There are proposals to extend this line to Mangalore to connect India's biggest Petrochemical complex, international air-cargo facility(direct flights to gulf and Europe) and major seaport in Mangalore with Whitefield ICD(Inland Container Depot), through a tunnel being constructed with the help of Japan in Western ghats.[6][7] This will result in hazardous petrochemicals currently being transported by road through tankers migrated to the railway cargo, resulting in efficiency improvements in country's energy security and safety to the common people living alongside national highways).

Table Showing Dedicated Freight Corridors in India

Green background for the systems that are under construction. Blue background for the systems that are currently in planning.

Dedicated Fright Corridor Route Track gauge Speed Length (km) Further Extension Status
Start Point Termination Point
Western Dedicated Freight Corridor Dadri JNPT, Nava Sheva Broad Gauge 1483 Approved in Rail Budget 2014-15.[8]
Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor Ludhiana Dankuni Broad Gauge 1839 Approved in Rail Budget 2014-15.[9] World Bank has sanctioned loan for development of 393 km of double track between Mughalsarai and Bhaupur (near Kanpur and between Kanpur and Etawah).[10]
East-West Dedicated Freight Corridor Kolkata Mumbai Broad Gauge 2000 Planned
North-South Dedicated Freight Corridor Delhi Chennai Broad Gauge 2173 Planned
East Coast Dedicated Freight Corridor Kharagpur Vijayawada Broad Gauge 1100 Planned
South-West Dedicated Freight Corridor Chennai Goa Broad Gauge 890 branching to Mangalore from Bangalore Planned

Corporate Office

S.No. Name Designation
1 Mr Adesh sharma Managing Director
2 Mr. D.S. Rana Director (Infra.)
3 Mr. M.K. Mittal Director (Finance)
4 Mr. H.D. Gujarati Director (Operations and BD)
5 Mr. Anshuman Sharma Director (P P)
6 Mrs. Meenu Kapoor Company Secretary
7 Mr. Dhanesh Gupta Group General Manager (Engg/WC)
8 Mr. Rajendra Prasad Group General Manager (Engg/EC)
9 Mr. A.V. Reddy General Manager (Finance)
10 Group General Manager (Hypothesis)
11 Mr. Avnesh Kumar Group General Manager (Electrical)
12 Mr. A.K. Singh Group General Manager (Safety)
13 Mr. Ghanshyam Bansal General Manager (Administration)
14 Mr. S.N. Ali General Manager (BD)
15 Mr. Arun Kumar General Manager (S and T)

See also

External links

  • Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India (DFCCIL) Official Website
  • Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India (DFCCIL) Official link for project status
  • DFCC will use New Track Construction machine having capacity of 1.5 KM of track per day
  • March 2014 news article stating near total land acquisition and environmental clearances
  • DFCCIL Admit card at Official Site


  1. ^ "Strategy of Indian Railways During the Eleventh Five Year Plan". Government of India. 2007–2008. Retrieved 2010-09-18. 
  2. ^ "Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd.". Ministry of Railways, Government of India. 2009. Retrieved 2010-09-18. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ Western DFC
  9. ^ Eastern DFC
  10. ^
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